Alert Sign Dear reader, online ads enable us to deliver the journalism you value. Please support us by taking a moment to turn off Adblock on

Alert Sign Dear reader, please upgrade to the latest version of IE to have a better reading experience


The sectarian menace

Published Mar 04, 2013 12:10am


Your Name:

Recipient Email:

IN the wake of the attacks against the Hazaras in Quetta, accusations have been levelled by a section of civil society, media and human rights organisations that the armed forces and its intelligence agencies have some links with proscribed militant outfits like the Lashkar-i-Jhangvi (LJ).

There is also a widespread general perception that our security establishment calls the shots on internal security issues, especially those pertaining to Balochistan and Fata.

This criticism against a publicly respected institution of the armed forces resulted in an emphatic denial by none other than the chief of the ISPR, the military’s media wing, at a specially arranged media briefing last month.

At the same time the secretive and powerful ISI formally told the Supreme Court that it had conveyed prior information about the transfer of large-scale chemicals from Lahore for preparation of explosives in Quetta to be soon used against the Hazaras.

It conceded that formal counterterrorism operations were not part of the ISI’s mandate, implying that the Frontier Corps (FC) and the police had failed to prevent the carnage even after being given clear information.

A military spokesman stated clearly that “the armed forces were not in contact with any militant organisation, including the Lashkar-i-Jhangvi”. This realisation is welcome, especially after a change in the military doctrine recently when the army chief unequivocally declared on Independence Day in 2012 that the Pakistani state was pitted against an internal enemy in the form of militant organisations that were planning to unravel the country through terrorism and religious extremism.

The very public and categorical denial by the army command should also result in the institution’s own soul-searching and internal accountability about the patronage of certain militant organisations by the military and the intelligence agencies, especially during the Zia and Musharraf eras.

The present army command knows and understands that security-handling and political engineering by the Military Intelligence (MI) in Balochistan led to the woes of that unfortunate province that continues to bleed due to the unresolved issue of the missing persons, the Baloch insurgency, targeted killings of Punjabi settlers and sectarian terrorism, especially against the Hazara Shias.

While ruling out any collaboration at any level, the army spokesman stated that there was “no reason to think about the army’s involvement” with the LJ. He vociferously added that “there is no way the army can afford this. If such a thing comes to notice it will be sorted out”.

The record shows and all Hazaras know that there was not a single incident of sectarian terrorism in Quetta or the entire province in 2007 because high-profile LJ terrorists like Usman Kurd and Dawood Badini had been apprehended and incarcerated in a high-security, anti-terrorism police force-guarded prison in the military cantonment in Quetta.

Will the army command and intelligence agencies honestly probe the circumstances under which the LJ desperados escaped from a secure facility in January 2008? Is it not a fact that the LJ Balochistan regrouped under these fugitives and since then has unleashed a reign of terror, not only in Quetta but all over the country?

In my view, the armed forces now have a responsibility to come up to the expectations of the victim Shia community of Quetta and leave no stone unturned to re-arrest the LJ fugitives.

No army operation is required for this challenging task. All it requires is for the Crime Investigation Department, the Special Branch, Intelligence Bureau, and the ISI to pool their resources, share information and help the police, FC and the armed forces for a targeted raid in an area which is outside the jurisdiction of the police.

It is now time to address the civil-military disconnect to resolve the issue of internal security fault lines and stop blaming each other. Sectarian violence is now the biggest threat to our national cohesion and peace.

The timing is also crucial because the next national elections are around the corner.

An inept and corrupt government failed to muster the political will to tackle the security challenges facing Balochistan during the last five years.

A truly representative new political leadership elected as a result of fair and transparent elections will hopefully be chastened by the previous misrule and try to deliver peace and progress to the hapless citizens of a province crying for the healing touch of reforms.

Meanwhile, our security establishment led by the armed forces and intelligence agencies, who have been part of the problem, has to become a very active part of the solution to combat sectarian terrorism, resolve the issue of missing persons, guard our vast frontiers, and actively support the police, Levies, and civil armed forces such as the FC and Coast Guard.

It must do so not only to protect our vital national assets in Balochistan but become part and parcel of good governance and service delivery for citizens of the hinterland of our nation. I wish it Godspeed.

The writer is former IG police, Balochistan.


Your Name:

Recipient Email:

The views expressed by this writer and commenters below do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Dawn Media Group.

Comments (12) Closed

Yawar Mar 04, 2013 11:45pm
When the parliament and population in general is not united against sectarian terrorism, what can the military do?
Shah Mar 04, 2013 10:24pm
Religious leader are responsible for this shameful incident. Stop talking hate.Stop humiliating/insulting personalities who are respected in other sect.. Banned all religions procession which now become a source to show the strength.Discourage all gathering and Majlis where Ulma talk nasty to other sect.Encourage those Majlis where Ulma talk about love/peace/harmony
Farrukh Javed Kazi Mar 04, 2013 09:17pm
A useful article .Tariq Khosa has sincerely evaluated the situation. Expecting truly representative leadership emerging out of fair polls is ,however,wishful thinking. Proposal in para 13 (starting "No army action..") needs serious consideration .
Tariq Mar 04, 2013 08:43pm
Very well written....The main question is that how these terrorists escaped from the Quetta Cantontment jail? Additionaly,terrorists from lahore jail were flown to GHQ to negotiate with the attackers and then they were released under mysterious circumstances...It was openly accepted on the main public TV. Hamid mir has clearly written that these organizations are being used in Khuzdar as well........
madiha Mar 04, 2013 06:30pm
wellsaid sir
Mohammed Munir Akhtar Mar 04, 2013 06:57pm
The TRUE STORY as described by Najam Sethi in a tv PROGRAMME corrosponds to the artical written by the experianced and learned EX. I.G OF BALOCHISTAN . I wish the truth prevails as desired by all of nation.. Mohammed Munir Akhtar Lahore
Insaan Mar 04, 2013 11:23am
@Malik, you mean KSA? I doubt it.... hatred and intolerance has been promoted as the basis of Islam.
malik Mar 04, 2013 06:41am
Whoever created these monsters should take the responsibility of reining them in. Since Police and FC have failed the military needs to do to whatever it takes to get rid of these monsters.
TARIQ mahmud Mar 04, 2013 06:18am
There is a lot of clarity and conviction in what has been said,depends how do we put pieces together.unless there is quick and a heavy reprisal against these outfits we are no where to the solution
HK Mar 04, 2013 09:12am
Excellent article and very astute observations. However, II wonder if it was not ISI's duty to see a clear and present danger and act up in pre-empting it rather than just sharing and letting things take their toll. This is unacceptable!
Muhammad Ahmed Mufti Mar 04, 2013 02:37pm
I think no one would disagree that we are at war. The government must call out all the National Cadet Corps (NCC ) recipients to duty. I believe its time for these folks to pay back the 20 marks that they were awarded as students in lieu of the training. NCC recipients can then be used to free up law and order resources from vigilance duties and contribute towards stabilizing the situation.
@dHazaras Mar 04, 2013 08:04am
osa Sahab I really appreciate your point over the escape of Kurd and other from highly guarded prison. But I am still wondering whom to blame when a wannabe suicide bomber 'Waqar' had confessed about both the January and Feb Quetta bombing in Aug 2012? He was arrested on 9th of Aug 2012 and has been recently reported on a TV channel where he had confessed (in Aug 2012) that they (LeJ) had planned to blow Snooker Club (blown on 10 Jan 2013) on Alamdar Road and Football Ground (Hazara Town Blown on 16 Feb 2013)?