LUCKNOW: A court in north India on Monday ordered authorities to limit large Muslim prayer gatherings in the historic Gyanvapi mosque in Varanasi after a survey team found relics of the Hindu god Shiva and other Hindu symbols there, lawyers involved in the case said.

Earlier this month, the court in Varanasi set up a team to survey the premises after five women sought permission to perform Hindu rituals in one of its quarters saying that a Hindu temple once stood at the present mosque site.

The Gyanvapi mosque, located in the political constituency of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is one of the three large mosques in Uttar Pradesh. Prominent groups believe it was built after demolishing a historic temple.

Leaders of India’s 200 million Muslims see the latest move as another attempt by hardline Hindus to undermine their rights to free worship and religious expression, with the tacit agreement of Modi’s ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party.

Lawyer H.S. Jain, who represented the female petitioners, told the court that the survey team had found relics of Shiva and other Hindu symbols there. The judge banned Muslims from holding large prayer gatherings inside the mosque.

Police said the court order would help maintain law and order at a time when hardline Hindu groups tied to Modi’s political party had amplified their demands to excavate inside some mosques and to permit searches in the Taj Mahal mausoleum.

Published in Dawn, May 17th, 2022

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