The Pakistan Resolution promised to safeguard the rights of the Muslim minorities living in the Muslim-majority provinces of British India; it sought independence and sovereignty for those provinces outside the independent Indian Union.

However, the struggle took a new turn after the creation of Pakistan, when Bengali, Pashtun, and subsequently Sindhi and Baloch nationalist movements rose to press for provincial autonomy. Later, a powerful federation embracing the idea of the ideological state also led to alienating the country’s religious minorities. Many have come to live in fear because discrimination against them has been given legal cover, in effect, depriving them of equal rights. Here, leaders from various political parties speak of their respective party’s stance on the issues that haunt Pakistan’s minorities, and on ways to redress the problem…


Comments (12) Closed

Mar 23, 2012 08:17pm
I am an Indian fan of Dawn and read it regularly. It was interesting to read all the 18 comments and all sounded very correct based on sound humanitarian principles though I thought some from the politico-religious leaders were a bit guarded. I think the comments come from reps. covering all social, political and some religious organizations which matter in Pakistan ( except perhaps the newly formed Difa party ). If such is the general consensus than where does the problem lie.?????? An interesting comment was ' the Blasphemy Act protects the rights of minorities '.
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Mar 23, 2012 08:51pm
Mr Khattak has just expressed the solution to all ills in today's Pakistan.
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Dinesh Mytreya
Mar 23, 2012 09:37pm
WOW! when there is a unanimous consensus among all the parties, ruling and opposition, I wonder why Hindu women are still being abducted and forcibly converted! This is a classic case of mere lip-service. Here in India, whenever a terror strike happens, our politicians repeat the same lines everytime, "We condemn this attack. Terrorists are cowards." Looks like Pakistan is not much different.
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Prof. D. Prithipaul
Mar 24, 2012 12:56am
The NP is a party of self-delusion. The Muslim League and Jinnah did not struggle for independence. They were used by the British to contain the independence movement led by the Hindus. Pakistan was a gift offered by Churchill to the Muslims. Its ideology was simple: hatred of the Hindus, which continues till today, with the consequence that the military still controls the national and foreign policies of the state. To speak of love for minorities is laughable, it is an oxymoron when viewed against the ethnic cleansing carried out from before 1947 to the present. After all Pakistan was founded as a theocratic Islamic state where the law confines the minorities as second or third class citizens. Minorities living as such in a fundamentalist Pakistan compare unfavourably with the minorities living in secularist India. The Muslim has not yet learned to live comfortably with non-Muslims. This is so even in India. Jinnah did a great service to the Hindus though: he split the Umma into 3 kaums. In an undivided India the Hindus would have lost their souls in being constantly given reasons to kill innocent Muslim men and women, while killing Hindus is a sacred duty for the Muslim. There is nothing in common between Jinnah, the jihadist, and Gandhi, the pacifist. With Jinnah's picture adorning every public office or monument, the Pakistani citizen is constantly reminded of his true vocation of jihad against the non-believer. India is dar-ul-harb. Minorities in Pakistan are harbis. They will always be harbis. No democratic dispensation can erase this Quranic injunction. That is why all talk of justice or generosity to harbi minorities is sheer hypocrisy.
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Jay k Raman
Mar 24, 2012 01:13am
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Mar 24, 2012 05:21am
High talk for a country that has not accepted the legality of Hindu marriages. So, Pakistan fails even on the most basic litmus test of accepting a common tenet of society (marriage) for minorities.
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Mar 24, 2012 06:09am
the best way is to divide pak into 3 smaller states
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Mar 24, 2012 06:34am
Dear All If we compare our selves with our neighbours, we are really good to the minorities in Pakistan, despite the fact it is Islamic country and if you see India which is a secular country but when there is massacre in Gujrat, MIDI told the police not to interfere, and every body knows about babri masjid any way,
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Mar 24, 2012 06:49am
Statement of Human Right's Commission of Pakistan must be considered lies against the statements of all the leaders of Pakistan who represent the voice of Pakistan.
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Mar 24, 2012 11:24am
I would appreciate if the anonymous author of the very first paragraph, may explain to its readers the following two queries :- 1. What do you mean by "the Muslim minorities living in the Muslim-majority provinces of British India" ? 2. Which provinces you are referring to - quote : "those provinces outside the independent Indian Union" (in 1940) ? Thank you
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Mar 24, 2012 05:31pm
Ha ha ha ha ha ah hooy
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dr khan
Mar 25, 2012 03:04am
I don't understand why all these Indians are commenting on our a rticles, why aren't they reading their own news? We don't want to hear their two penny's worth of opinion, I think they need to get a life!
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