Since Monday, 60 million Italians have been adapting to sweeping restrictions to contain the coronavirus which has upended daily life.

Read Dawn.com's live coronavirus updates here.

Italian authorities have since issued clarifications about how the rules are intended to impact on almost every aspect of daily life, from getting a haircut to going for a run.

Female police officers wearing a protective mask stand guard at Trevi Fountain in central Rome on March 11, 2020, a day after Italy imposed unprecedented national restrictions on its 60 million people to control the deadly COVID-19 coronavirus. — AFP
Female police officers wearing a protective mask stand guard at Trevi Fountain in central Rome on March 11, 2020, a day after Italy imposed unprecedented national restrictions on its 60 million people to control the deadly COVID-19 coronavirus. — AFP

Moving around

If they can't take advantage of working remotely or a spot of impromptu leave, Italians are permitted to go to work but must carry “self-declarations” stating this is necessary. These declarations can be checked and kept by the police.

Public transport and taxis are still running, but whether there's anyone to take them is another matter.

In Milan, 59-year-old taxi driver Daniele says: “There are no clients; lots of colleagues are already staying at home with nothing to do.”

A man wearing a protective mask rides his bicycle past the hospital in Codogno, southeast of Milan. — AFP
A man wearing a protective mask rides his bicycle past the hospital in Codogno, southeast of Milan. — AFP

Travelling for the purpose of getting health care or buying essential supplies is also permitted, as is going out for some exercise — as long as someone is on their own and not in a group.

Parks and public gardens can stay open “to ensure the continuance of sport and physical activity in the open”.

Employees of the municipal company Veritas spray disinfectant in public areas at the Rialto Bridge in Venice. — AFP
Employees of the municipal company Veritas spray disinfectant in public areas at the Rialto Bridge in Venice. — AFP

The transport of goods and animals is also allowed.

Tourism

Trips for the purposes of tourism are “absolutely to be avoided”, says the government, with a vital economic sector grinding to a virtual halt.

A woman wearing a protective mask takes a selfie photo outside the closed Pantheon monument in central Rome. — AFP
A woman wearing a protective mask takes a selfie photo outside the closed Pantheon monument in central Rome. — AFP

Tourists already in the country are to restrict their movements to those necessary to return home.

Officials in the mountainous Val d'Aosta region, normally a popular ski destination, called Monday on tourists to leave.

“The region only has one hospital,” Mauro Baccega, the regional official in charge of health care, told the Ansa news agency.

The health system is “already under stress, and having to provide care to non-residents can only aggravate the situation”, he added.

A worker pushes a cart at the hospital in Codogno, southeast of Milan. — AFP
A worker pushes a cart at the hospital in Codogno, southeast of Milan. — AFP

Public life

All cultural, sporting and religious events have been cancelled.

Sports fixtures organised by international bodies are still going ahead but without spectators.

Schools and universities are closed and are exploring new ways to reach students through distance learning.

Bars and restaurants are allowed to open between 6am and 6pm and are only permitted to offer home deliveries outside these hours.

When they are open, customers have to keep at least a metre (three feet) away from each other.

A woman manning one bakery still open near Rome's Trevi fountain said this was “not difficult to enforce as there are so few people anyway”.

Many establishments have decided to do their bit by closing altogether.

A waiter waits for customers at a pizzeria in central Rome. — AFP
A waiter waits for customers at a pizzeria in central Rome. — AFP

One restaurant in the Trastevere quarter of Rome has a sign announcing it is closing but that when it reopens there will be a “free carbonara day” for all doctors, nurses and healthcare workers “heroically fighting this battle”.

Places of worship are open, but ceremonies such as marriages, baptisms, funerals and Muslim Friday prayers are banned. Mourners in a funeral procession in Sicily were even slapped with fines for turning out.

Shopping

Following some panic buying after the strict measures were announced late on Monday, the government has insisted there are no shortages of essential supplies.

Residents line up at a safe distance as they wait to shop at a supermarket in Codogno, southeast of Milan. — AFP
Residents line up at a safe distance as they wait to shop at a supermarket in Codogno, southeast of Milan. — AFP

Supermarkets are still open, with cashiers donning masks and gloves, but other businesses such as clothes shops have begun to shut their doors.

Hairdressers, barbers and beauticians are allowed to stay open in most of the country but must receive clients one by one, by appointment only, and wear protective gear.

But the Campania region, which includes Naples, has ordered such businesses to shut until April 3.

Family life

Going to your parents' for a meal is not considered “essential” and therefore will not be deemed a good enough reason to travel.

Divorced parents can, however, continue to move in order to see their children.

Looking after elderly relatives is not banned, but contact is to be avoided as much as possible.


Header image: A man wearing a protective mask leaves the hospital in Codogno, southeast of Milan. — AFP

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