ISLAMABAD: 10 major cities in Pakistan make up more than half – 54pc – of the total national urban population, The State of Pakistani Cities Report 2018 has found.

The report was launched by the Ministry of Climate Change and UN Habitat with the support of the Australian government.

It described the conditions of 10 major cities, including Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Peshawar, Multan, Hyderabad, Islamabad and Quetta, and their efficacy to respond to urbanisation challenges.

The study also shed light on how cities varying in terms of the size of their economy, employment and tax revenues and explains that services and industry are the major employment sectors.

The share of the services economy in cities is larger than in the national economy, the report revealed, and Pakistan generates 95pc of its federal tax revenue from its 10 major cities. Karachi contributes 55pc, Islamabad contributes 16pc and Lahore contributes 15pc.

Poverty in urban areas is also a major and visible phenomenon, the report said. Six out of 10 major cities have double-digit poverty figures – Quetta has the highest poverty rate at 46pc while Islamabad has the lowest at 3pc.

The chief guest at Thursday’s report launch, Climate Change Minister Mohammad Yousaf Sheikh said that adapting to climate change is becoming necessary and developing climate resilient cities and infrastructure is imperative.

He said the report had found that the delivery of basic urban infrastructure and utilities has not kept pace with rapid urbanisation. Pakistani cities need to better plan and manage their development to overcome urban challenges and meet their citizens’ demands, he said, and prosperous cities need to be more responsive to the environment.

Mr Sheikh said the rapid urban population increase would surpass rural population by 2030 and vision 2025 seeks to have smart cities in Pakistan.

Finance Minister Dr Shamshad Akhtar drew attention to growth in urbanisation due to internal migration, the influx of refugees, natural disasters, economic disparities in rural areas and a decline in agricultural sectors.

She said that there were a number of challenges that include waste management, carbon emission and a lack of civic sense above all. She said equity and inclusiveness should be the main principles for urbanisation.

Australian High Commissioner Margaret Adamson described the initiative as timely for sustainable cities. She also praised many policy initiatives taken by the Pakistani government, including Vision 2025 and water policies.

The State of Pakistani Cities report is spearheaded by the United Nations Human Settlement Programme, also known as UN Habitat.

Published in Dawn, July 20th, 2018

Now you can follow Dawn Business on Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram and Facebook for insights on business, finance and tech from Pakistan and across the world.

Opinion

Editorial

A call for bloodshed
30 Nov, 2022

A call for bloodshed

The state has wasted precious time by not consolidating its success in pushing TTP out of its strongholds in the north.
Missing childhoods
30 Nov, 2022

Missing childhoods

THE fact is that despite some legal efforts to end the curse of child marriage taking place in Pakistan under the...
Unemployment concerns
30 Nov, 2022

Unemployment concerns

THE ILO finding that labour market recovery from the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in Pakistan, as in many other...
Back to politics
Updated 29 Nov, 2022

Back to politics

PDM and PTI must realise that neither will get what they want if they keep fighting bitterly at every turn.
Election delay
29 Nov, 2022

Election delay

OF recent, leaders from the ruling PML-N have been dropping hints about a possible delay in general elections after...
Sugar woes
29 Nov, 2022

Sugar woes

IT’S that time of year again when cane growers get anxious over the delay in the commencement of the new sugar...