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A short account of India's long history of hypocrisy on cow slaughter laws

Published Oct 02, 2015 02:12pm

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Rumour has always been a weapon for the anti-cow slaughter movement. — Reuters/File
Rumour has always been a weapon for the anti-cow slaughter movement. — Reuters/File

Rumour has always been a weapon for the anti-cow slaughter movement, as is evident from Akshaya Mukul’s magisterial book, Gita Press and the Making of Hindu India.

After India gained Independence and Jawaharlal Nehru became prime minister, Mukul writes, a delegation of Hindu leaders called on him to demand a ban on cow slaughter. Nehru heard them patiently and then asked, “Why do you people run a campaign that I eat beef?” The delegates denied they had spread this information, but suggested that the best way for him to silence his critics would be to ban cow slaughter.

In September 2015, as India undergoes a digital makeover under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the rumour that Mohammad Akhlaq and his family had eaten beef and had stocked some in their refrigerator is said to have so enraged the residents of a village in Dadri town, next door to Delhi, they decided to lynch him. It is more evidence, if any was needed, of how rumours about beef consumption have long been used to terrorise Muslims.

It is ironic that Muslims have been the sole target of the proponents of the anti-cow slaughter movement from its inception in the late 19th century. As such, a large number of communities in India consume beef in India – Christians, Dalits, groups in the North East, among them.

Looking back

The targeting of Muslims on the issue of beef is ironic also because it was one of their representatives in the Constituent Assembly who had declared their approval for a ban on cow-slaughter in the 1940s. The only condition he suggested was that the Constitution should specifically mention that the ban had been imposed to uphold the religious sentiments of Hindus – and not because of economic reasons, all of which they claimed were dubious and difficult to sustain logically.

This plea arose from two types of arguments cited by the votaries of the cow protection movement. There was the religious argument – that the cow shouldn’t be slaughtered because it was an object of veneration among the Hindus from time immemorial, which is why beef was a taboo food item for them. This myth has been punctured through several scholarly studies over the years, not least by BR Ambedkar’s 1948 work, The Untouchable and Why They Became Untouchables? Ambedkar linked the status of Untouchables to their eating the meat of the dead cow.

The economic argument spoke of the multifarious roles the cow plays in the agrarian economy, from providing milk to pulling the plough, to being a source of cheap fuel, to the therapeutic value of its urine, to being a symbol of wealth. Thus, it was said, Hindus considered the cow holy because of the many economic benefits accruing from it. Yet, in many senses, the economic argument was merely an attempt to dress the religious sentiment in the garb of rationality.

The more exuberant members of the Hindu Right not only wanted the Constitution to explicitly ban cow-slaughter but also have such a provision to be incorporated in its chapter on the Fundamental Rights. In a fascinating essay, Negotiating the ‘Sacred’ Cow: Cow Slaughter and the Regulations of Difference in India, researcher Shraddha Chigateri notes, tongue-in-cheek, “This unique constitutional protection would have meant that the protection of the cow would have been treated on par with other human fundamental rights such as right to life, right to equality, etc…”

Economic rationale

In the debate in the Constituent Assembly, Pandit Thakur Dass Bhargava and Seth Govind Das proffered economic reasons to demand the ban on cow slaughter. Bhargava said,

“To grow more food and to improve agriculture and the cattle breed are all inter-dependent and are two sides of the same coin. [ ...] The best way of increasing the production is to improve the health of human beings and breed of cattle, whose milk and manure and labour are most essential for growing food. [...] From both points of view, of agriculture and food, protection of the cow becomes necessary.”

However, Das referred to the religious argument in his submission to the Assembly: “... Cow protection is not only a matter of religion with us; it is also a cultural and economic question.” The cow had, by then, already become an incendiary issue dividing Hindus and Muslims, largely because Gaurakshini (cow protection) Sabhas had already mushroomed in large parts of North India. The activism of the Sabha members triggered riots in several towns in the last decade of 19th century. During the Khilafat movement of 1919, the Hindu Right offered their support to Muslim leaders in return for them supporting the ban on cow-slaughter, Mukul notes.

The hypocritical tendency to cloak the religious demand in economic arguments inspired a Muslim member from the United Provinces, ZA Lari, to say, “Mussalmans of India have been, and are, under the impression that they can, without violence to the principles which govern the State, sacrifice cows and other animals on the occasion of Bakrid.” He went on to suggest to the Assembly, “If the House is of the opinion that slaughter of cows should be prohibited, let it be prohibited in clear, definite and unambiguous words.”

Cutting thorugh the clutter

What could those unambiguous words be? Syed Muhammad Sa’adulla, a Muslim member from Assam, was forthright in declaring,

“I do not want to obstruct the framers of our Constitution ... if they come out in the open and say directly: ‘This is part of our religion. The cow should be protected from slaughter and therefore we want its provision either in the Fundamental Rights or in the Directive Principles ...’ But, those who put it on the economic front ... do create a suspicion in the minds of many that the ingrained Hindu feeling against cow slaughter is being satisfied by the backdoor.”

Sa’adulla said there were thousands of Muslims who did not eat beef, and that cattle for the agriculturists among them were as useful for them as they were for their Hindu counterparts. To quote Chigateri,

“Syed Sa’adulla questioned the argument that Hindu reverence for the cow was always reflected through a taboo on slaughter, arguing that in Assam, when there was a shortage of cattle and a prohibition on the slaughter of milch or draught cattle, it was Hindus who resorted to slaughtering cows with the argument that the cattle were unserviceable and ‘dead weight’.”

But at the dawn of a new era, India wanted to hide from the world the irrationality that had a pull on its citizens and their leaders. It chose the language of rationality to introduce cow-protection in the chapter on the Directive Principle of State Policy. Call it a classic example of India’s penchant to find the middle path. Nevertheless, Ambedkar is mostly credited for saving India the blushes of becoming the only country in the world to extend the fundamental right to an animal.

Cloak of rationalism

Thus came into existence Article 48, which still reads, “The State shall endeavour to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter of cows and other milch and draught cattle.” But this compromise did not satisfy the Hindu Right, which wanted a total ban on cattle-slaughter.

It soon found a reason to feel aggrieved on account of the model bill on cow slaughter that the Centre had circulated among the States. This was because the model bill allowed the slaughter of cows above 14 years and those unable to conceive. Mukul quotes an editorial of Kalyan to portray the Hindu Right’s dismay, “…. Kalyan (published by the Gita Press) asked, if this was the treatment meted out to old cows, would the same be done to old people who had ceased to be useful?”

Nevertheless, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh enacted laws banning cow-slaughter. That the Congress was in power in these four states suggests the Hindu Right did, even under Nehru, occupy substantial space in the party. As expected, the cow became a matter of court dispute.

The Supreme Court has upheld the notion that the cow was held in reverence by the Hindus, prompting legal luminaries, such as Upendra Baxi, to say the judges perhaps hadn’t been rigorous in examining this sweeping proposition. However, the Supreme Court has also ruled that a ban on the slaughter of bullocks and bulls, despite being old age and no longer economically useful, amounted to imposing unreasonable restrictions on the butchers – and was, therefore, ultra vires of the Constitution.

Attack on Parliament

Unwilling to dilute their position from a nationwide ban on cattle slaughter, various cow-protection groups united to stage a massive protest before Parliament on November 7, 1966. Provocative speeches instigated the crowd to attack Parliament, leading to lathi-charge by the police. In the ensuing violence eight people died. It prompted Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to sack Home Minister Gulzarilal Nanda, who subsequently became a member of the anti-cow slaughter movement.

The cow was back to grazing the political pasture in 2005, courtesy the Supreme Court’s judgement upholding the decision of the Gujarat government to impose a total ban on cattle slaughter, regardless of whether the bovine is useless or not. The judgement said bullocks and bulls are useful, as Chigateri notes, “past a certain age, in terms of added benefits of urine, dung – manure and biogas, especially in this age of alternate sources of energy”.

In other words, the hypocrisy displayed in the Constituent Assembly has persisted nearly seven decades later. Both Maharashtra and Haryana have followed suit, the latter imposing an incredible 10 years of imprisonment to anyone found guilty of slaughtering a cow, a bull or an oxen, or even caught carrying or consuming beef. However, the ban has also stoked suspicions that Muslims are slaughtering cattle clandestinely, leading to police cases being filed against them.

The killing of Akhlaq near Delhi testifies that the cow-protectionists will never forego the weapon of rumour about beef eating because it can be tellingly used to foment hatred against Muslims and to paper over caste divisions among Hindus.

Ajaz Ashraf is a journalist from Delhi. His novel, The Hour Before Dawn, published by HarperCollins, is available in bookstores.

This article was originally published on Scroll.in and has been reproduced with permission.

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Comments (80) Closed



Indian Oct 02, 2015 02:16pm

Respect all religion sentiments . Simple

Pure Ind Oct 02, 2015 02:24pm

Very well written article, off course no society is perfect, they do have their grey areas, but what matters is to look at the larger good its not that Beef ban is applicable across the entire nation!!!

Azmeen Oct 02, 2015 02:26pm

Shameful for the Digital India as Hindus kill Muslims because they eat beef.

N.Sid Oct 02, 2015 02:29pm

why do we see a plethora of cows roaming on the roads in very miserable conditions, frail and weak, and nobody is taking are of these adrift cows. They should have been taken care of...they are left to die miserably.

Zeb Oct 02, 2015 02:32pm

Excellent article. Hypocrisy of Indians never stops to amaze us.

Harmony-1 Oct 02, 2015 02:33pm

Banning beef was a bad idea. Going by the recent incident, vigilantes will start attacking on suspicion of someone eating "illegal beef". Pakistan is on warpath to curb its extremism but India has just started fanning it by openly encouraging Hindutava and disharmony!

Rao Oct 02, 2015 02:42pm

The most interesting aspect is that India is one of the largest exporter of Beef in the entire world. So they do not allow the slaughter but they export their holy cows to be consumed elsewhere.

ADA Oct 02, 2015 02:44pm

Why Indian extremism is always ignored?

Anurag Oct 02, 2015 02:47pm

Well in a society one has to respect their neighbours sentiments. Else there loud be no civilisation at all. Its shameful to kill anyone ...let alone for beef. We all understand that, but lets be mature enough to value and respect sensitive of our fellow brethren

ADA Oct 02, 2015 03:04pm

The hypocrisy of Indian Government is at peak because they impose ban on slaughtering of cows and at the same time exporting beef to other country. India must stop killing of Muslims for eating beef.

Manoj Oct 02, 2015 03:36pm

Right now, the thugs need to be caught and punished immediately.

Kh Oct 02, 2015 03:41pm

India is not a secular country!

Akram Oct 02, 2015 03:47pm

@ADA "Why Indian extremism is always ignored?" Who says it is ignored? It is wide open for the world to see. No amount of digital makeovers can hide it.

Kashmiri Oct 02, 2015 03:52pm

we kashmiris have never obeyed indians ....& will never..

ali Oct 02, 2015 04:04pm

on one side,slaughtered cows in india and then export it to the world,on other side,domestically it is prohibited to slaughter cows.when it comes to the dollars it is ok but when it comes to the people who are in minorities in india it is prohibited. and patch it with religion and economic affairs.

Economy Oct 02, 2015 04:19pm

Modi's political motives have only aggravated the situation and continue aggravating!

Kashif Oct 02, 2015 04:23pm

@Indian Or rather, everyone keep their religion and their religious sentiments to THEMSELVES, and let others live THEIR life as THEY see fit.

Ashraf Usman Oct 02, 2015 04:24pm

Hippocratic. During the Eid-ul-Azha season lots of cows and bulls are pushed into Pakistan from India from the Sindh boarder for slaughtering.

Pure Ind Oct 02, 2015 04:32pm

@ali beef ban is a society issue that will be dealt, but when compared to other benefits that minorities get in India for education for business for their growth this is a very trivial issue. (Especially compared to minorities in other countries) India is a diverse society hence there are going to be the odd difference of opinion but surely it doesnt take away the secular fabric of India, the biggest reason is its education which is devoid of any religious bias. We are equally happy to see any minority climb up the ladder of success be in arts sports military or politics.

Khalistan Oct 02, 2015 04:54pm

Once I asked a person who used to work with me the reason behind Hindus not eating beef (he was eating a beef burger at that time and that prompted me to ask). His reply was "This is not Hinduism, this is Gandhi-ism).

S Qureshi Oct 02, 2015 05:19pm

Asaduddin Owaisi has a vision for Muslims of India. He is becoming a great leader . He also went to London, where he studied L.L.B, and Barrister-at-Law

Third Party Oct 02, 2015 05:52pm

Beef is exported from the Indian states where beef is not prohibited !!

Sudhakar Sardar Oct 02, 2015 06:11pm

Gandhism is total hypocrisy. Dr BR Ambedkar never consider him to be a Mahatma (Great soul).

East Indian Oct 02, 2015 06:23pm

On other side, Has any hindu noticed , how many hindus in india eat beef? I realized hindu description is much larger, RSS or BJP definition of Hindu have not acceptable to all Hindus of india or will not be in future. Hindus by definition are the people who live beyond sindhu river. They never had religion theory as per any specific definition, not even now. RSS and BJP definition of hindu is for people living only specific parts of india , not the whole india

Khalid Oct 02, 2015 06:30pm

@Pure Ind I really like the way you have explained things in your comment. To be honest, I am surprised that when porn was banned in India, it took only two days of protests to bring it back. On the other hand, a sizeable minority of around 200,000,000 is not allowed to eat beef and no one is complaining!. I would have expected ALL Indians (Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs) to raise their voices on this disparity.

Qasim Nazir Oct 02, 2015 06:35pm

I have a lot of beef in my refrigerator. Please tell Modi or India's fundamentalists to come and lynch me. I like to see how many go back alive :-)

Sumit Mazumdar Oct 02, 2015 07:15pm

The fact is that with modernization of agriculture oxes and bulls have become ecnomically useless. At the same time, cows are impregnated artificially very frequently for their milk. Half the offsprings are males, which are not fed or taken care of by anyone. These are the skinny specimens we see all over India. The phenomenon is even more visible in South India, where many ``religious'' people give a young bull as a gift to the temple. Most large temples have closed inaccessible compounds where the curious will be able to see these skinny bulls roaming around in dusty fields. This is nothing but cruelty to the animals. I have never heard of a RSS program to feed the bulls.

Arslan Oct 02, 2015 07:49pm

Soon India will have a billion Cows & Bulls with same rights as humans (referred to as fundamental rights in the article). Although it is likely that these animals will have higher status than the minorities.

Sudhakar Oct 02, 2015 08:17pm

Well written. It is all in the mind. Vegetarians like me cannot imagine eating meat. For those who eat meat that I have talked to, it is impossible to become a vegetarian again. I guess we should let people do what they wish as long as they are not imposing restrictions on others. I have read many stories of forced conversions to Islam during the 1947 turmoil when Hindus/Sikhs were forced to eat beef and circumcised. That is absolutely horrible and definitely not how Islam wants to gain converts (I think). Live and let live!

Farhan Oct 02, 2015 08:22pm

In Pakistan recently it is found that we get contaminated meat of different animals including pork but I never heard we killed anyone for this.

lafanga Oct 02, 2015 08:33pm

Looking at it from non-religious point of view .... It does not make ecological or economic sense to breed and raise domestic cattle and not slaughter and consume them for food. If cows/bulls are not slaughtered for food, you will have more cows than human beings in less than 5 years and perhaps double in another decade or so. Will you then feed the cows or humans. It does not make any sense.

On the flip side, if you cull the cows to keep their numbers in check then what's the harm in consuming the meat for food. Beef is quick and easy source of protein that the human body needs.

Kashif Oct 02, 2015 08:38pm

The condemn-able killing of Akhlaq over beef issue is being wrongly connected with Hindus and particularly Modi sarkar . These people have been living here and eating beef for so many decades , no incident took place . The flawed policies of Mulayam party to keep Muslims under this perceived fear of Hindus so that Mulayam and his son Akhilesh become their "protectors"( vote bank politics ) , resulted these kind of incidents . They have nothing to do with Hindus objection of any ones eating habits or belief systems . Rumors lead to conspiracy theories , and we know there is no dearth of those fanned flames in our society .

zack khan Oct 02, 2015 08:44pm

Hindus are major vote bank, and modi knows how to use it!

From Nepal Oct 02, 2015 08:46pm

The great Indian leader, Ambedkar once said that much of the growth of independent India was like "building a castle on a dung heap". He was not entirely off the mark.

From Nepal Oct 02, 2015 08:54pm

BTW, your economic argument is excellent notion. Do you know that India is the largest exporter of beef to Middle East? I love to see you comments on this.

idris khan Oct 02, 2015 09:05pm

indis is the biggest beaf expoerter in the world modi sarkar should ban this.

Akashwani Oct 02, 2015 09:08pm

Respect is all about give and take...

Nawab Oct 02, 2015 09:08pm

@Rao Well, Thanks for your congress government policies for last 65yrs to become world's leading beef exporter.

Dr Sharad Desaisharad Oct 02, 2015 09:39pm

Is this issue so relevant for Pakistan? Why cant Hindus have some irrational beliefs? Should a nation even have a writer who writes about some unforunate bad event that happen elsewhere?Does this make Pakistan proud?

Farhan Oct 02, 2015 09:44pm

@idris khan most of the beef in middle eastern countries is from India. Ban on Indian beef will have impact on them as well as our Pakistan beef consumption as more beef will be exported from Pakistan, resulting in price rise. We already have shortage of meat.

Farhan Oct 02, 2015 09:45pm

@ali 96% of meat expoted by India is buffelo meat.

Farhan Oct 02, 2015 09:46pm

How about Beef ban in Srilanka? Nobody is blaming Lanka..

sri Oct 02, 2015 09:48pm

@Azmeen It is shameful indeed. I am sure a good portion of Hindus could care less about what others eat. However, not raising a voice and letting such an event go is as bad as participating in the event. A more conscious India should fight for the basic rights of fellow minorities. Unfortunately India is not there yet.

zafar Iqbal Oct 02, 2015 09:57pm

If the Indians are so protective of cows and have gone to extreme by murdering an innocent and a defenseless muslim then why doesn't Modi take this matter to the UN and demand that America, the biggest consumer and producer of beef, should be made to cease the slaughter of cows. What a joke!

zafar Iqbal Oct 02, 2015 10:00pm

Ban the slaughter of cows and don't call yourself a secular state. You can't have it both ways!

NM Oct 02, 2015 10:00pm

I worked for RIL in Jamnagar where beef was always served in the Reliance Township guest house situated close to the Refinery. I never came across any objection. We were served some of the best beef dishes. What is the fuss?

sri Oct 02, 2015 10:01pm

Any economic progress we may make is voided by promoting laws that marginalize minorities. How can 1.3 Billion people (including 172 Million Muslims) not raise a voice against such laws and incidents. I have not seen any uproar in a single corner of the country. Shameful!

anony Oct 02, 2015 10:28pm

India's hypocracy exposed. Shame shame india.

Pure Ind Oct 02, 2015 10:47pm

@Khalid first of all India doesn't consist of 2 or 4 states, there are many places where beef ban has not been accepted, States like Goa, North Eastern states, Southern states. Goa has a BJP run Govt still dint accept the ban!!. May be you wont be aware that a prominent political Party in Kerala down south initiated a beef Party to protest against the Ban. & as far as Ban on Porn was, the outrage on social media was not anger but sheer fun that in a nation like India with such high IT standards any Banned website would be opened used proxy servers.

Indian Oct 02, 2015 10:49pm

People should learn to respect others religion also!!

Farhan Oct 02, 2015 11:25pm

@Dr Sharad Desaisharad you nailed it Sir! Our media have been asked by PEMRA for not criticizing Saudi for recent accident. But allwed to speak volume when someone dies in India or what Indians should or should not eat. So sad state of affairs.

abhi Oct 02, 2015 11:50pm

Very confusing article. The reason for demanding the beef ban is religious and cultural and there is no two opinion on this.

gunslinger Oct 02, 2015 11:51pm

@Azmeen As a muslim, then, you should no problem selling pork alongside beef. Will you agree to that?

Mpuri Oct 02, 2015 11:51pm

@Azmeen I personally condemn what happened to that guy on eating beef, if that was the true reason. What would you do to me if I eat Pork in Pakistan, the land of (im)pure?? I will take the criticism from a Country that can tolerate this sort of reaction but of course not Pakistan.

Prashant Kumar Oct 03, 2015 12:11am

Killing of innocent person is really a black spot on social fabric on Indian cosmopolitan culture. Eating is purely a personal agenda, no one decide my menu card. I personally got heart to hear this traumatic news. India is second largest Muslim country of world, Indian constitution gives full freedom to it's citizen to eat whatever they want to eat. My condolence to Mr Ekhlakh. We are guilty.

Indie Oct 03, 2015 12:20am

@Arslan Muslims still have a tag of minority but how come a community with 172 million be called minor? This tag must be abolished.

Mustafa Oct 03, 2015 12:23am

World's largest hypocrisy.

Steve Oct 03, 2015 12:32am

@Rao You are 100% wrong. Get your facts straight. India does not export any meat.

Indie Oct 03, 2015 12:34am

Its the game of vote in india which makes parties to woo minorities. I would love to see voting power withdrawl...

Ather Oct 03, 2015 01:32am

My question is how do the Cows in India die ?? its not like in western countries where people take care of their pets even at very old age and still euthanize them in the end. What I have heard that they suffer immensely in their old age dying a very slow and pain full death.

Sudden Oct 03, 2015 01:37am

@zafar Iqbal Technically, no relation with Beef Ban and 'Secularism'.

kiran Oct 03, 2015 01:45am

I see lot of comments about why indians want to interfere with Pak matters. I think this is the matter of India and don't need to be worried

Raza Oct 03, 2015 01:48am

@Qasim Nazir I have relatives in this area. what they are saying is romour was this guy was stealing the cows. It was not about beef at all. Moreover call Mullayam singh Yadav . Not Modi

Dr. Samira Jameel Oct 03, 2015 04:01am

I am sure most Indians (Hindus or Muslims) would be ashamed of what has happened and would condemn it. It is (as we always say), the 'hard liners' who instigate hatred in the name of religion. I am sure 'human' is more sacred in any religion than an animal. But who will convince the so called 'Hindu Fanatics'. The only dismal part in this episode is that government (including Prime Minister Modi) has not come on condemning the criminals. This tells you the way Mr. Modi thinks and operates.

pre-Boomer Marine brat Oct 03, 2015 04:16am

Churchill was right.

Brar Oct 03, 2015 04:34am

The farmers are the worst sufferers from the cows and bulls wandering in the villages , their crops are ruined, though we do,nt eat beef but those who like it must be allowed to eat it and thus we will get rid of these cows.

Honestly Oct 03, 2015 04:47am

If there is a pork ban in Pakistan, why can't the sentiments of Hindus be respected.

In Pakistan, there is more lynching of non Muslims under the pretext of blasphemy than in any other place in the world.

observer Oct 03, 2015 05:03am

With Modi - India is a failed state...

Knr Oct 03, 2015 06:46am

Beef ban has no meaning in India, for that matter any kind of food ban. Food habits should not be controlled by state. Respect every religion and their respective food habits. Killing a person of any one religion just cuz of his/her food habits is barbaric. Though in this particular incident I suspect that may not be the actual reason. Whatever we have law/courts to decide if someone has done any illegal act. It's a shame this kind of incident happened in India.

ahmed41 Oct 03, 2015 08:36am

@Indian

Sir, we should learn to respect, honour and to study & understand the religious beliefs of all religions .

Just "respect " is not enough.

Let's not forget that many people are fed-up with narrow minded religions beliefs which are intolerant of dissent.

Even the views of agnostics & atheists need to be considered.

SJY Oct 03, 2015 08:46am

The beef exported from India is cara beef(Meat of Buffaloes).

Baluch Oct 03, 2015 08:55am

Lol,,,better look after Pakistan's hypocrisy in all walks of life

An Oct 03, 2015 08:58am

Thanks for this excellent article. We need to get rid of this BJP government a.s.a.p. They are a threat to the entire humanity.

Arjun Pandit Oct 03, 2015 09:50am

@Rao You are wrong. India exports meat of only buffaloes which is also called Beef. Get your facts right before posting ambiguous statements.

Truth Oct 03, 2015 10:15am

@zafar Iqbal where did america come in to all this? Ufffff....

Don't Get Confuse! Oct 03, 2015 10:16am

Don't Get Confuse! Its simple. Beef is to India what blasphemy is to Pakistan

INDIAN Oct 03, 2015 11:06am

The government should strictly ban beef in entire country. At the same time government should also ban exporting of beef.

Rachit Oct 03, 2015 11:16am

It is India's national resolve to protect animals. We are inspired by the noble intellectual heritage of Hinduism which promises peace to all beings, not just humans. The protection of cows is the first step in this direction.

Sudhir Neyalasinger Oct 04, 2015 01:28pm

@S Qureshi His success will only be limited to certain pockets in Hyderabad and Maharashtra. He's as rabid a right winger as some of the Hindu organizations are. If anything he'll help BJP polarise Hindus against Muslims.

Sudhir Neyalasinger Oct 04, 2015 01:33pm

The next step should be banning the slaughter of dogs in north eastern states. A lot of these north easterners are migrating to south indian cities like bangalore and I have heard some cases of pets disappearing. I am keeping extra vigil on my dogs.