Sectarian violence increased in 2013, says report

Published January 6, 2014
According to the report, the rise in sectarian violence started in 2011 and continued through the subsequent years. 
 — File Photo
According to the report, the rise in sectarian violence started in 2011 and continued through the subsequent years. — File Photo

ISLAMABAD: The number of incidents related to sectarian violence is continuously increasing in the country. Moreover, suicide attacks are also being used during sectarian clashes, and have resulted in the death of numerous people across the country.

This was revealed in the ‘Pakistan Security Report 2013’ launched by Pak Institute for Peace Studies (Pips) on Sunday. Pips is a think-tank based in Islamabad which is engaged in research to understand ongoing conflicts such as militancy, extremism, radicalisation and insurgency.

According to the report, the rise in sectarian violence started in 2011 and continued through the subsequent years.

The report maintained that there had been 208 incidents of sectarian-related terrorist attacks in the country in which 658 people were killed and 1,195 injured.

The table provides a province-wise breakdown of these attacks.

Furthermore, the number of suicide attacks across the country also rose by 39 per cent as 46 suicide attacks were reported in 2013 compared to 33 in 2012.

Of these, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) witnessed 18 suicide attacks in 2013 while 12 attacks occurred in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Furthermore, nine suicide attacks occurred in Balochistan, five in Sindh and one each in Rawalpindi and Azad Kashmir.

The report claimed that nine suicide attacks in 2013 were related to sectarian clashes and were mainly carried out by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi.

One of the suicide blasts was carried out by nationalist insurgents and another two attacks were carried out during inter-militant clashes.

The security report has also endorsed the establishment of the Cabinet Committee on National Security (CCNS), and has recommended expansion of its role. It stated that the committee’s role should be shifted from that of a consultative decision-making body to implementing the National Security Initiatives (NSIs).

When contacted, Member Pakistan Ex-Servicemen Association Brig. (retired) Masud-ul-Hassan told Dawn that there were ‘foreign elements’ behind these sectarian killings.

“CIA has been providing funds to various sectarian groups to create unrest in the country.

“Once a civil war ensues, USA will force Pakistan to handover its nuclear assets,” he alleged.

“USA also wants to stop westward expansion of Chinese influence, and for that, it is using India. Earlier in the 70s and 80s, US used to support Pakistan to resolve the issue of Kashmir, but now it is suggesting that Pakistan should simply give up the issue,” he said.

While responding to a question, Mr Hassan said it was not easy to resolve the issue of sectarianism.

“The fate of the country is now in the hands of the nation. People should understand that Pakistan can only develop if there is peace and unity among its citizens who belong to various schools of thoughts,” he said.

Sectarian-related terrorist attacks in 2013

Province Number of Killed Injured


Balochistan 33 278 499

Sindh 132 215 319

Punjab 17 32 29

KP/FATA 26 133 348

Total 208 658 1,195



Covid funds controversy
Updated 01 Dec 2021

Covid funds controversy

A COMPREHENSIVE and detailed report by the auditor general of Pakistan on the utilisation of Covid-19 funds by the...
01 Dec 2021

Sindh LG law

THE Sindh Local Government Act, 2013, introduced by the PPP to roll back the Musharraf-era local bodies system in ...
Monster of circular debt
Updated 01 Dec 2021

Monster of circular debt

The crisis facing the energy sector cannot be tackled sustainably without taming the many elephants in the room.
New Covid danger
30 Nov 2021

New Covid danger

The government’s messaging around the coronavirus and the potential threat of Omicron must be reactivated.
Updated 30 Nov 2021

Saudi conditions

DECADES of fiscal profligacy have trapped the country in a situation where it not only has to borrow more money to...
30 Nov 2021

Mental health concerns

THE economic and psychological effects of Covid-19, combined with the issues of joblessness and inflation, have had ...