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Nobel Peace Prize laureate Muhammad Yunus of Bangladesh gestures during an interview with Reuters in Oslo, Dec 9, 2006. — Photo Reuters
Nobel Peace Prize laureate Muhammad Yunus of Bangladesh gestures during an interview with Reuters in Oslo, Dec 9, 2006. — Photo Reuters

DHAKA: After being accused of “sucking blood” from the poor, Bangladesh's only Nobel prize winner Muhammad Yunus faces a new state-backed hate campaign seeking to paint him as unIslamic and a spreader of homosexuality.

Following years of attempts to discredit his legacy as a pioneer of micro-finance — since copied the world over as a development tool — the hounding has turned more personal and dangerous.

The perceived crime of the 73-year-old was to sign a joint statement along with three other Nobel laureates in April 2012 criticising the prosecution of gay people in Uganda.

Little remarked at the time, it has since been seized on by the Islamic Foundation, a government religious body, and amplified through tens of thousands of imams on its payrolls.

Protests have been held, leaflets calling him “an accomplice of Jews and Christians” have been distributed, and a “grand rally” has been called for Oct 31 in Dhaka to denounce him.

“How can a state-run organisation run a campaign of criminal intimidation? It'll instigate violence against professor Yunus,” Sara Hossain, a top lawyer and rights activist, warned in an interview with AFP.

The harassment has echoes of another movement against feminist writer and religious critic Taslima Nasreen who was forced to flee the country after being denounced like Yunus.

“It's unfortunate that he's facing the kind of campaign that I faced in 1994,” Nasreen told AFP. “I was forced to leave the country because of the campaign by the fundamentalists, which the then government actively supported.”

Yunus has been at odds with Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina since 2007 when he made a brief foray into the country's violent and polarised politics which is dominated by Hasina's family and her arch-rival Khaleda Zia. Yunus's recent statement calling for free and fair elections in January 2014 is also thought to have angered Hasina following changes to the electoral process and a crackdown on the opposition.

In 2011, he was forced out of the board of his beloved Grameen Bank by the central bank in a move widely believed to be orchestrated by the prime minister who accused him famously of “sucking blood from the poor”.

Grameen Bank was set up by Yunus in 1983 to make collateral-free micro loans to rural and mostly women entrepreneurs. Its record in reducing poverty earned global fame and a Nobel Peace Prize for its founder in 2006.

Abul Kalam Azad, a spokesman for Hasina, rejected suggestions that the latest campaign against Yunus was directed by her. “She is not the DG (director general) of the Islamic Foundation,” he told AFP.

A duty to denounce him?

The Islamic Foundation is part of the Ministry of Religious Affairs with a mandate to promote Islam.

Director General Shamim Mohammad Afzal told AFP that it was his “moral responsibility” as a Muslim and head of the organisation to take a stand against the man nicknamed the “banker to the poor”.

“His statement has gone against the Quran and Hadith,” Afzal told AFP.

In speeches to clerics all over the country, Afzal has told them of their religious duty to protest Yunus's stand on homosexuality. One imam told AFP that he had been pressured to join rallies against his wishes.

The imam, who works in a southern district and asked not to be named, said clerics were asked to hold banners and distribute leaflets printed by the local Islamic Foundation office.

“Yunus has become an apostate for supporting homosexuality. He must publicly apologise, or we'll force him to leave the country like Taslima Nasreen,” Maolana Moniruzzaman Rabbani, an organiser of anti-Yunus campaign, told AFP.

Rabbani is the secretary of a committee that helps run the state-funded national mosque in Dhaka and a deputy chief of an Islamic political party allied with the government.

Yunus, a former economics professor, declined several requests to be interviewed for this story.

He has found support in the politically polarised country in opposition parties who have rallied behind him after a government commission called for the state to take full control of Grameen Bank or dismantle it into 19 parts.

During a visit to the country in May last year, former US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton also publicly supported Yunus, who is a personal friend of her and her husband Bill.

“I don't think they can force Yunus to leave the country,” said Nasreen. “Unlike me, he has many powerful friends. But this campaign is going to bring a bad name for the country. No government should appease these fundamentalists.”

Bangladesh is 90 per cent Muslim. Although it is officially secular, Islam is the state religion.

Homosexuality is a crime punishable by a maximum life term but prosecutions are rare.

Early this year, the chairman of the state-run National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) called for a new law which would ban discrimination based on a person's sexual orientation and gender.

Comments (20) Closed

Zafar Iqbal Oct 24, 2013 12:02pm

Non sense government of Awami League disregarding the towering personality like Dr,Mohammad yunus who earned fame by winning nobel award for Bangladesh.

Rafiqul Oct 24, 2013 01:07pm

The BD PM does not want Dr.Y on the national scene. Its her trickes. She hates him. She considers him as a viable opponent who could replace her!

TANVEER AHMAD Oct 24, 2013 01:10pm

A typical Muslim South Asian Mindset.... Successful People are suspected and prosecuted in the pretext of having Jewish and western Backing... Feeling so Sorry for Yunus

DiplomatOne Oct 24, 2013 02:17pm

Bangladesh following in the footsteps of Pakistan. They are doing similar to Pakistan, what Pakistan did to its only Nobel Laureate, Abdussalam. At least Pakistan did not start a hate campaign against Professor Salam. Pakistan just disowned him. Congratulations, Bangladesh being a younger country has gone a step further. Jai Bangla Bundhu (or is it buddho).

Tahera Oct 24, 2013 02:42pm

Grace God! What a shame! To target this icon of humanity, of service to humanity! No better than Pakistan's treatment of Dr. Abdus Salam.

Shah Oct 24, 2013 02:55pm

Didn't we showed the same attitude towards with Dr. Abdus Salam? which made him leave Pakistan and lived his life in exile and heartbreak? Clergy has turned everything upside down and it's going the doomed path at an alarming speed.

safeer hyder Oct 24, 2013 03:39pm

Who said Bangladesh is 'Liberated' !!!

Sunni Muslim Oct 24, 2013 05:24pm

It was easier for pak mullahs to get rid of their Nobel winner by just calling him non Muslim ahmedi. Same righteous agenda repeating in Bangladesh how unfortunate

Rao Oct 24, 2013 07:11pm

What's wrong with the Islamic countries....Always seem to be targeting people who do good in their countries....

Manish Gupte, PhD Oct 24, 2013 07:52pm

Micro-finance is the way! My company, which does research, works this way.

Mustafa Oct 24, 2013 09:15pm

Surprised to hear that the Bangladesh government has a religious body, by the way, what religion is it? Lately they have sentenced most of their Islamic leaders to death.

Electric Warrior Oct 24, 2013 10:01pm

Mad Mullahs are at it again in another country against an intellectual. For Gods sake some one must teach them about religion and respect for peoples views.

SaeedS Oct 25, 2013 05:06am

You all creating diversion by blaming PM,Mulla or following footstep of Pakistan.But no one blaming religion which is the main reason behind this episode .

Ebrahim Oct 25, 2013 07:38am

The PM is not Director General of Islamic Foundation but when she is in power she is more than Director General of all organizations. Basically the PM wants Mr Younus to be out of scene since he is sincere to his Country. Today if Mr Y starts supporting the PM he will become the Governor of Central Bank.

Ather Oct 25, 2013 08:18am

@Sunni Muslim : What is happening to Yunus is unfortunate.

However, I must say I was not impressed by him. He came to Canada for the Micro Finance summit a couple of years ago. My university awarded him an honorary doctorate degree. I was invited to attend his lecture. I was dismayed to hear his speech which started with Pakistan bashing. You do not expect someone who is supposedly trying to ameliorate the plight of world poor/victims to be so blind foldly nationalistic.

Naseer Oct 25, 2013 09:05am

Mullah's are the biggest enemies of humanity and Islam.

Afzaal Khan Oct 25, 2013 12:10pm

Oh yes blame it on Islam, Pakistan and rest, secular never accept responsibility as evident by article and comments.

Zubair Khan Oct 25, 2013 07:00pm

Separation of state from religion is the key of development for any country. How this rule is applied in BD will be evident soon. If religious clerics prevailed will also doom the fate of BD.

Jalaluddin S. Hussain Oct 26, 2013 11:01am

@TANVEER AHMAD: As a Canadian-Pakistani I fully support Muhammad Yunus in his sincere effort to help the poor people of Bangladesh. I wish we had more Edhis and Muhammad Yunus in Pakistan too!

shariful islam Oct 26, 2013 09:11pm

@Mustafa: They are sentenced to death not for being islamic leaders but for being war-criminals. U should comment with awareness.