ISLAMABAD: While one Crimean-Congo Hem­orrhagic Fever (CCHF) case was reported in Khy­ber Pakhtunkhwa, the Na­­tional Institute of Health (NIH) on Wednesday issued advisories for the prevention and control of CCHF, heatstroke, sunstroke and typhoid fever.

The NIH’s Centre for Diseases Control (CDC) has issued multiple advisories with the purpose to sensitise relevant authorities to improve the level of preparedness in prevention and control of CCHF, heatstroke, sunstroke and typhoid fever.

The CDC stated 101 CCHF cases were reported in the country last year. In the wake of high disease transmission and risk due to anticipated increased human-animals’ interaction during upcoming Eid-ul-Azha, it is imperative to be vigilant about the situation and take steps to interrupt the transmission of CCHF.

It explained that CCHF is caused by tick-borne Nairovirus. Animals such as cattle, goats, sheep and hares are carriers of this virus, which is transmitted to people by tick bites or through contact with infected blood or tissues during and immediately after slaughter. CCHF can also be transmitted from infected person to another person by contact with inf­ectious blood, secretions or body fluids, it added.

The advisory for prevention of heatstroke and sunstroke cases mentio­n­­ed Pakistan was experiencing severe climate cha­nges, including frequent heatwave, due to global warming. Each year the vulnerability and impact of heatwave is increasing, which may result in increased morbidity and mortality due to heat stroke, it mentioned.

It advised people to take immediate measures such as avoiding exposure to direct sunlight, increase in water intake, consumption of salty foods, wearing hats and light-coloured and loose clothes. It says rehydration can prevent the complications of heatstroke.

The CDC says Pakistan is also among the countries, with highest burdens of typhoid fever. Lack of access to safe drinking water, poor hygiene practices and low immunisation coverage surveillance make country at high risk of increased disease burden.

Published in Dawn, May 23rd, 2024

Opinion

Editorial

Price bombs
Updated 18 Jun, 2024

Price bombs

It just wants to take the easy route and enjoy the ride for however long it is in power.
Palestine’s plight
Updated 17 Jun, 2024

Palestine’s plight

While the faithful across the world are celebrating with their families, thousands of Palestinian children have either been orphaned, or themselves been killed by the Israeli aggressors.
Profiting off denied visas
Updated 19 Jun, 2024

Profiting off denied visas

The staggering rejection rates underscore systemic biases in the largely non-transparent visa approval process.
After the deluge
Updated 16 Jun, 2024

After the deluge

There was a lack of mental fortitude in the loss against India while against US, the team lost all control and displayed a lack of cohesion and synergy.
Fugue state
16 Jun, 2024

Fugue state

WITH its founder in jail these days, it seems nearly impossible to figure out what the PTI actually wants. On one...
Sindh budget
16 Jun, 2024

Sindh budget

SINDH’S Rs3.06tr budget for the upcoming financial year is a combination of populist interventions, attempts to...