London: Demonstrators protest outside the Department for Business and Trade in support of Palestinians, on Thursday.—Reuters
London: Demonstrators protest outside the Department for Business and Trade in support of Palestinians, on Thursday.—Reuters

RAMALLAH: Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammad Mustafa formed a new cabinet on Thursday in which he will also serve as foreign minister, making an immediate ceasefire and Israeli withdrawal from Gaza a top priority, Palestinian news agency WAFA reported.

Mustafa, an ally to President Mahmoud Abbas and a leading business figure, was appointed premier this month with a mandate to help reform the Palestinian Authority (PA), which exercises limited self-rule in the Israeli-occupied West Bank.

He was also assigned to lead the relief and rebuilding of Gaza, which has been shattered by more than five months of war, while he performs double-duty as foreign minister, replacing Riyad al-Maliki who had served in the position since 2009.

Abbas, who as president remains by far the most powerful figure in the PA, appointed the new government in a demonstration of willingness to meet international demands for change in the administration.

Calls for immediate ceasefire, Israeli withdrawal from Gaza

He approved Mustafa’s cabinet with financial expert Omar al-Bitar as finance minister, and Muhamad al Amour, who served as the president of the Palestinian Businessmen Association, as economy minister, but kept Ziad Hab al-Reeh, former chief of the PA’s internal intelligence agency, as interior minister, WAFA said.

The new cabinet will also include a state minister for “relief affairs”.

Mustafa said in a cabinet statement addressed to Abbas that the first national priority is an immediate ceasefire in Gaza and a complete Israeli withdrawal from the enclave, in addition to allowing humanitarian aid to enter in large quantities and reaching all areas, WAFA reported.

“In order to enable the launch of the recovery process and preparation for reconstruction, stop the aggression and settlement activities, and curb settlers’ terrorism in the West Bank,” Mustafa added.

Hamas, the movement that controlled Gaza until Israel’s invasion in the wake of the Oct 7 attack on southern Israel, has criticised the appointment of Mustafa, but it had no immediate reaction to the naming of his new cabinet.

The PA, controlled by Abbas’s Fatah political faction, has long had a strained relationship with Hamas, and the two factions fought a brief war before Fatah was expelled from the territory in 2007.

However, it has repeatedly condemned the Israeli invasion of the Gaza Strip following the Hamas-led assault on Israel on Oct 7, and has insisted it must play a role in running Gaza after the war.

Published in Dawn, March 29th, 2024

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