PARIS: Iranian schoolgirls have come to the fore in protests over the death of Mahsa Amini, removing their hijabs and staging sporadic rallies in defiance of a lethal crackdown by the security forces.
Amini, 22, was pronounced dead days after the notorious morality police detained the Iranian Kurd last month for allegedly breaching the Islamic republic’s strict dress code for women.
Anger flared at her funeral and spread to become the biggest wave of protests to rock Iran in almost three years, despite the backlash by the security forces that has killed scores and seen hundreds arrested.
Students rallied at the weekend before being confronted by riot police who cornered them in an underground car park of Tehran’s prestigious Sharif University of Technology before hauling them away.
Bare-headed students shout anti-regime slogans, deface images of clerical state’s leaders
Schoolgirls have since taken up the baton around the country, removing their hijabs, shouting anti-regime slogans and defacing images of the clerical state’s leaders.
“Death to the dictator,” a group of bare-headed girls is heard chanting in reference to supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as they force a man, reportedly the principal, out of a school in Karaj, west of Tehran, on Monday in a video verified by AFP. Another group of girls sang “Woman, Life, Freedom”, as they marched through the Karaj neighbourhood of Gohardasht.
Schoolgirls were also seen leaving classrooms and appearing in flash-mob protests to avoid detection, in other footage shared online.
One boisterous group of girls were yelling “Get lost, Basiji”, in reference to the paramilitary force, at a man standing at a podium in the southern city of Shiraz, in a video shared by the 1500tasvir social media channel.
AFP has been unable to independently verify the footage.
In a widening crackdown, Iran has rounded up high profile supporters of the movement and blocked social media access.
On Tuesday night, Iranian pop singer Shervin Hajipour, who was arrested after his song in support of the protests went viral and became an anthem for the movement, was freed on bail.
“I’m here to say I’m okay. But I am sorry that some particular movements based outside of Iran — which I have had no relations with — made some improper political uses of this song,” he told his 1.9 million Instagram followers shortly after his release.
Iran’s judiciary, meanwhile, denied there was any link between the death of teenage girl Nika Shakrami and the protests, after reports she was killed during the unrest. BBC Persian and Iran Wire said authorities had taken possession of her body and secretly buried her on Monday to avoid a funeral that could spark more protests.
Read: Iran and the hijab
At least 92 protesters have been killed in the unrest, according to Oslo-based group Iran Human Rights (IHR). Amnesty International has confirmed 53 deaths, while Fars news agency put the death toll at “around 60” last week. At least 12 security personnel have been reported killed.
More than 1,000 have been arrested, but the judiciary said more than 620 protesters had been released from jail in Tehran province alone.
Another 63 people were killed last week when security forces “bloodily suppressed” a protest in Zahedan, near Iran’s southeastern border with Pakistan, said IHR.
The clashes erupted after Friday prayers during protests sparked by accusations a police chief in the region had raped a teenage girl of the Baluch Sunni minority, it said. The crackdown has drawn global condemnation.
On Tuesday, the European Union joined the United States in warning that it was looking to impose tough new sanctions on Iran over the bloody crackdown. Iran’s Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian warned the EU that it could expect “reciprocal action”.
UK envoy summoned
On Wednesday, Iran summoned British ambassador Simon Shercliff to hear a protest over “meddlesome statements”.
Meanwhile, A Swedish member of the European Parliament lopped off her hair during a speech in the EU assembly in solidarity with anti-government demonstrations in Iran ignited by the death in morality police custody of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini.
“Until Iran is free, our fury will be bigger than the oppressors. Until the women of Iran are free we are going to stand with you,” Iraqi-born Abir Al-Sahlani said in the parliament in Strasbourg, France, on Tuesday evening. Then, taking a pair of scissors, she said “Jin, Jiyan, Azadi” — Kurdish for “Woman, Life, Freedom” — as she snipped off her ponytail.
Leading French actresses including Juliette Binoche and Isabelle Huppert have also cut locks of hair in protest over Amini’s death after she was arrested in Tehran on Sept. 13 for “inappropriate attire”.
Published in Dawn, October 6th, 2022