The sale-purchase activity in used imported cars and jeeps continues to be subdued following the import curbs introduced in January 2019.
The import of used cars and jeeps plunged to 16,000 units in 2019-20 from the peak of 80,000 units in 2017-18. The trend has let the established and new assemblers of local vehicles sail smoothly without facing nail-biting competition from used imported automobiles.
In a bid to help the already advantaged assemblers, the government had decided in January 2019 that all new or old vehicles would be imported under either personal baggage or gift scheme. It also decided that duty and taxes would be paid out of foreign exchange arranged by Pakistani nationals themselves or the local recipient would furnish bank encashment certificates showing the conversion of foreign remittances into the local currency.
The condition was first introduced in November 2017 under Auto Policy 2016-21. It required baggage scheme users to pay their duty and tax in foreign exchange, but the decision could not be implemented. The idea was to restrict the misuse of this facility by traders. The practice created a drain on foreign exchange reserves as dollars would be sent abroad through hawala and hundi channels.
Importers and dealers of used imported vehicles anticipated a bumpy ride following January 2019 marked with a massive fall in imports — a forecast that held true.
The Customs Department further tightened the noose around the necks of importers a month ago. It now requires international bank account numbers (IBAN) on proceeds realisation certificates (PRC) for the clearance of vehicles imported by overseas Pakistanis under gift, transfer of residence and baggage schemes.
Dealers say the prices of imported vehicles have increased owing to a hike in the passport rate, which has surged to Rs400,000 from Rs50,000 two years ago
According to All Pakistan Motor Dealers Association (APMDA) Chairman H.M. Shahzad, he informed Adviser to Prime Minister on Commerce Abdul Razak Dawood in the last week of September that 500-700 vehicles of overseas Pakistanis and their families were stranded at the port for a month.
He said that of the 16,000 used cars and jeeps imported in 2019-20, more than 13,000 units were in the range of 660cc and 1,000cc. Of the 80,000 units imported in 2017-18, 60,000 units belonged to the 660-1,000cc category.
When car imports were thriving, Mr Shahzad would claim that more than 90 per cent of them were “used vehicles”. The import bill for both used and new vehicles was the highest in 2017-18 at $456 million. The import bill of completely built-up (CBU) cars was $221m in 2018-19, which plummeted to $99m in 2019-20 as per data released by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS).
The latest PBS figures have shaken up the importers of used cars. There’s a whopping jump of 180pc to $26.5m in CBU car imports in July-August, which signals the revival of used car imports.
“I do not agree with the 180pc jump in CBU imports of new and used cars. Less than 3,000 used cars arrived in July-September,” Mr Shahzad claimed.
“The government has already closed the option for consumers by curbing imports,” he said, adding that buyers are taking a costly ride by paying hefty prices on locally assembled cars on the pretext of the rupee-dollar parity along with high premiums on which the government has yet to take any action.
He said the government has also taken a hit by losing billions of rupees in terms of customs duty on used car imports.
A car assembler said the 180pc increase in CBU imports in July-August was because of the rising imports of new CBU vehicles by the entrants into the local auto market. New assemblers are allowed to clear 100 vehicles per variant with a 50pc rebate.
Previously, only the assemblers were notorious for frequently jacking up the prices. But the importers and dealers of used cars have also followed suit despite the fact that the rupee has stabilised against the dollar in recent months. On Oct 15, the rupee traded at Rs162.80 compared with Rs167 on July 1.
Used car dealers/importers have raised prices by Rs300,000-500,000 on 660-1,000cc unregistered models and Rs200,000-300,000 on registered models, depending on the condition.
Similarly, prices of unregistered models of 1,300cc have gone up by Rs600,000-700,000 while those of registered ones have jumped by Rs300,000-400,000.
For example, an unregistered Toyota Axio 2017 sells at Rs4.2m while its registered model is available at Rs3.9m.
A car dealer who asked not to be named said the unregistered model of Toyota Vitz of 2017-18 now carries a price tag of Rs2.5-3m while its 2015 model is available at Rs2.4m. A Daihatsu Mira 2016 model is sold at Rs1.7m while the 2017-18 model is available at Rs2m. Small, high-roof type Daihatsu and Suzuki vehicles of 660cc are priced at Rs1.3-1.4m.
He said prices of imported used cars have increased owing to a hike in the passport rate. The price of grabbing the passport of overseas Pakistanis has risen to Rs300,000-400,000 on small–engine power cars from Rs40,000-50,000 two years back.
He said the high cost of passport coupled with the devaluation has disturbed the costing of vehicles. Its effect is now visible on consumer prices, which is causing a slowdown in the sales of used cars. Buyers are now reluctant to purchase used cars owing to high prices.
“Rising prices of locally assembled cars usually push buyers towards used imported cars. But the situation is precarious now as the prices of both used imported cars and locally assembled ones are on the rise,” he said.
Authorised and non-authorised dealers are charging premiums ranging from Rs50,000 to Rs300,000 on locally assembled vehicles of 660cc to 1,800cc. This is in addition to frequent price increases in the last two years. Meanwhile, used car dealers are making up for their high cost of passports by raising prices on old stocks. Mr Shahzad did not have a clear answer as to why the dealers increased the prices on old stocks.
He said the import of used cars is now a very difficult business. “The government should open commercial imports of used vehicles to provide the masses with more choices. The local industry has given nothing but price shocks on higher localisation claims,” he said.
Published in Dawn, The Business and Finance Weekly, October 19th, 2020