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Iraqi Kurd head resists pressure to scrap independence vote

Updated September 23, 2017
Kurds celebrate to show their support for the upcoming independence referendum on Friday.— Reuters
Kurds celebrate to show their support for the upcoming independence referendum on Friday.— Reuters

ARBIL: Iraqi Kurdish leader Massud Barzani insisted on Friday that a controversial Sept 25 independence referendum for his autonomous Kurdish region in northern Iraq will go ahead, even as last-minute negotiations aimed to change his mind.

Iraq’s Kurds have faced mounting international pressure, including from neighbouring Iran and Turkey, to call off the referendum that the UN Security Council has warned was potentially destabilising.

“The referendum is no longer in my hands, nor is it in those of the (political) parties — it is in your hands,” Barzani told a large crowd at a football stadium in the regional capital of Arbil.

“We say that we are ready for serious open-minded dialogue with Baghdad, but after Sept 25, because now it is too late,” he said of Monday’s plebiscite.

On Saturday, the veteran Kurdish leader is to hold a news conference at which he is expected to announce definitively whether the vote will take place.

Negotiations are still going on aimed at persuading Barzani to postpone any referendum, according to officials close to the discussions.

“Nothing is definitive yet. Discussions are continuing to try to offer him serious guarantees that will convince him to change his mind,” said one official who did not wish to be identified.

The commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ foreign operations, Major General Qassem Soleimani, was on Friday in the Iraqi Kurdish province of Sulaimaniyah and headed for Arbil, a high-ranking source in the province said.

“It’s his last visit before the referendum to advise Kurdish officials that Iran is seriously hostile to it and warn them to call it off,” the source said.

Iran and Turkey both have sizeable Kurdish populations of their own and fear the vote in northern Iraq will stoke separatist aspirations at home.

The Iraqi government is also opposed to the referendum in the oil-rich Kurdish region, which it has called unconstitutional.

In 2014, after a dispute over oil exports, Baghdad decided to suspend payments to Barzani’s Kurdish regional government of 17 per cent of Iraq’s national budget.

Wages, including those of Kurdish peshmerga fighters, were slashed after the end of those transfers, which were worth around $12 billion (10 billion euros) and made up 80 per cent of the region’s budget revenues.

“The Iranians are still pushing for negotiations between Kurdistan and Baghdad,” the source said.

Soleimani has told Kurdish officials that “Iran is pressuring Baghdad so it accepts Kurdish demands and solves the issues of the budget, peshmerga salaries and disputed areas”.

Iraqi Kurdistan has since 2003 been made up of the three provinces of Arbil, Dohuk and Sulaimaniyah, but its leaders have laid claim to other areas that are constitutionally under Baghdad’s authority, including the oil-rich province of Kirkuk.

The Iraqi Kurds would like these disputed areas to take part in the vote.

On Thursday, the UN Security Council warned the referendum was “potentially destabilising”.

The council urged “dialogue and compromise” to address differences between the Iraqi government and the regional authorities.

It also said the vote could weaken the military campaign against the militant Islamic State group, “in which Kurdish forces have played a critical role”.

Baghdad this week launched offensives to oust IS from the last two pockets it controls in Iraq.

Despite tensions over the referendum, Iraqi forces on Friday recaptured IS-held Sharqat on their drive to retake the nearby northern town of Hawija back from the jihadists.

On the political front, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said on Tuesday he rejected an independence referendum under any form, even non-binding. The poll was “rejected, whether today or in the future,” he said.

On Wednesday, Saudi Arabia urged Barzani to cancel the referendum to avoid further “crises” in the region.

Published in Dawn, September 23rd, 2017