Alert Sign Dear reader, online ads enable us to deliver the journalism you value. Please support us by taking a moment to turn off Adblock on

Alert Sign Dear reader, please upgrade to the latest version of IE to have a better reading experience



Your Name:

Recipient Email:

WASHINGTON: The US administration has initiated the process for peacefully resolving the current water dispute between India and Pakistan without waiting for an invitation to do so, official sources told Dawn.

The latest dispute concerns two hydroelectric power plants — Kishanganga and Ratle — that India is building on the Indus rivers system. Pakistan believes that the projects violate the design parameters of the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT), which provides specific criteria for such plants.

Earlier this week, US Secretary of State John Kerry called Finance Minister Ishaq Dar and discussed with him different options for an amicable settlement of the dispute. After the call, US Ambassador to Pakistan David Hale also met Mr Dar in Islamabad at the finance ministry for further talks.

Read: US wants amicable solution to water row

The initiative stems from the fear the US administration shares with the World Bank that the dispute, if dragged, may harm the treaty that has effectively resolved water disputes between India and Pakistan for more than half a century.

The IWT is a water-distribution agreement between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank and signed in Karachi on Sept 19, 1960. It recognises the bank as the main arbitrator and suggests appointing neutral experts and a court of arbitration for resolving disputes.

Pakistan has asked the World Bank to appoint chairman of the court of arbitration while India has demanded appointment of a neutral expert.

World Bank President Jim Yong Kim wrote to the finance ministers of India and Pakistan, informing them that he has ‘paused’ the requested arbitration and asked them to decide by the end of January how they wanted to settle the dispute.

On Dec 23, Finance Minister Dar told the bank that Pakistan was not withdrawing its request and since the process had already been “inordinately delayed,” the bank should appoint chairman of the court of arbitration as soon as possible.

Two days later, Dr Kim called Mr Dar for further talks, followed by Secretary Kerry who called the finance minister during the Christmas holidays.

It is unusual for a US official to do so, particularly because the Obama administration completes its final tenure on Jan 20.

Usually, the outgoing administration leaves such issues for the incoming administration to tackle.

“But seriousness of this dispute, particularly the fear that it may harm the treaty, forced Mr. Kerry to make this call,” an official source told Dawn.

Diplomatic observers in Washington say that since the United States has facilitated the Indus Waters Treaty, it feels obliged to take a proactive role in this matter.

The treaty requires appointment of chairman of the court of arbitration and its three members within 60 days after a disputing party asks for arbitration.

If the two countries fail to appoint umpires, the two parties prepare a draw of lots and request a “person” mentioned in the treaty to select the umpire.

While the chairman can be selected by either the secretary general of the United Nations or president of the World Bank, technical members can be selected from a draw of lots by president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology or rector of the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London.

The legal umpire can be selected from a draw of lots by either chief justice of the United States or lord chief justice of England.

Pakistan took its case to the World Bank in Sept 2016, urging the bank to prevent India from making illegal constructions on Neelum and Chenab rivers.

The differences on the designs of the two plants were discussed but could not be resolved in the 108th, 109th, 110th, 111th and 112th meetings of the Permanent Commission for Indus Waters, comprising one commissioner from each country, which is responsible for the implementation of the treaty.

Secretary-level talks followed but they also failed.

On Aug 19, Pakistan formally requested the government of India to refer the dispute to the court of arbitration, as provided in Article IX of the treaty.

The Indian media reported in September that New Delhi had decided to suspend water talks until “Pakistan-sponsored terror” in India ends.

And last month, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi also threatened to choke the flow of water into Pakistan if it does not stop terrorists. This caused Islamabad to fear that India was determined to complete the two plants and was buying time to do so by dragging the talks.

Pakistan wants a court of arbitration, instead of a neutral expert, because only the court can take a decision that’s legally binding.

An expert can only give a technical opinion, giving India more time to complete the projects.

Published in Dawn, January 3rd, 2017

Comments (150) Closed

Booza Jan 03, 2017 07:59am

Why getting U.S involved? Get help from China..that is their water

Vivek (Indore) Jan 03, 2017 08:03am

Don't put your nose everywhere US.

Rohin Jan 03, 2017 08:12am

Really.. you guys are acting kiddish. Read IWT carefully.

Realist Jan 03, 2017 08:14am

India does not care what US thinks of this treaty. This treaty has lasted so long because India is the upper riparian State.

Aziz khan Jan 03, 2017 08:18am

They are not going to listen now that Obama is out by 20th

wiserneighbour Jan 03, 2017 08:16am

Sorry folks,first let US set right the south China sea dispute after the court verdict.India will decide what suits them.

trent Jan 03, 2017 08:19am

let Trump uncle come.

Nizamuddin Ahmad AAli Jan 03, 2017 08:28am

Indus Valley Treaty is here to staty & World bank is the guarantor. Pakistan is getting into trap. There is no rush to negotiate the Treaty now. I personally am not satisfied as a Pakistani with our diplomats who have failed in every field such as foreign policy, war & peace issues and brder issues.

Alba Jan 03, 2017 08:24am

Good luck and best wishes.

Nizamuddin Ahmad Jan 03, 2017 08:26am

Get some help from outside the current government.

g sindhu Jan 03, 2017 08:31am

India is great

S. A. M. Jan 03, 2017 08:32am

this is a very great move by Obama administration. we hope the iwt remains intact and contracting parties follow the contract and none commits any breach.

Bipul Jan 03, 2017 08:40am

India must get 50% share for peaceful resolution.

HelLodrsoul Jan 03, 2017 08:37am

Dishounoring IWT is counterproductive for Mr. Modi, especially when his forgein policy agenda is to isolate Pakistan!!

patriot Jan 03, 2017 08:55am

India has not breached the IWT. It is only using its rightful share of 20%. So far the allotted share was under utilized.

Nostalgia Jan 03, 2017 09:02am

Here goes Pakistan chance of getting fair share of water now with US poking its nose.

RAJA CHILL Jan 03, 2017 09:06am

Let US administration confirm that they have initiated the process, I cant believe pak officials only.

Ahmed Jan 03, 2017 09:27am

No one can stop India to build these dams. India never violated IWT. it was proved again and again in past.

S. A. M. Jan 03, 2017 09:28am

@patriot let the experts inspect the. project and the relevant details / specifications and further conclusions can drawn once expert report been submitted.

Ind Jan 03, 2017 09:28am

Quick and fear solution by court of arbitration is required.

sikander khan Jan 03, 2017 09:33am

This is absolutely a good move of US to resolve the issues of two nuclear powers of the region where India is trying to establish it`s hegemonic position in the region which is totally unacceptable, and US should embroil itself in Khasmir where every new day becomes not less than a hell for innocent inhabitants of beautiful valley.

Well wishEr Jan 03, 2017 09:40am

India using under 20%, so practically keeping IWT intact is in Pakistan favour. Do not let US intervene.

khanm Jan 03, 2017 09:42am

US initiates process for resolving Pakistan-India water dispute... can it be done for Kashmir...He who cannot put his thoughts on ice should not enter into the heat of dispute... let us see. how it is worked out...

Zak Jan 03, 2017 09:48am

We cannot trust US, China,Russia too should be involved .

pk Jan 03, 2017 09:55am

@Ind The dispute by Pakistan is of technical in nature thus only engineering expert could review and make a decision.

Human Jan 03, 2017 10:04am

I am an indian...I hope they resolve it peacefully....

sunny Jan 03, 2017 10:07am

Why Pakistan looks to USA for everything?

Raj Jan 03, 2017 10:11am

But what is the process initiated? The article is totally unclear on this issue.

A pakistani Jan 03, 2017 10:22am

Lol, great to see Indians asking USA not to put their nose everywhere, since how India sits on USA's lap all the time.

Patriotic Jan 03, 2017 10:23am

@sunny ! because USA is a real super power, it is a morale to solve the conflict without further complication.

khanm Jan 03, 2017 10:31am

@Vivek (Indore) ... who rules the world has a say now you should know that...

point of view Jan 03, 2017 10:37am

The US administration may be trying to make understand the Pakistani authority that within the framework of IWT Indians have right to use their 20 percent water share and making issues without a legitimate argument have no standing at the legal ground.

True story Jan 03, 2017 11:29am

Watch for U turns!!

Warning shots Jan 03, 2017 11:31am

@point of view or it may be other way round as well!

Debutant Jan 03, 2017 11:34am

@Rohin US is also kiddish that it is intervening into this matter.

a Jan 03, 2017 11:37am

@Zak Russia ? Really ??

ks Jan 03, 2017 11:43am

The obama administration ends its reign on Jan 20 which is certainly not enough time to resolve anything. Lets see how much support would be provided by the Trump administration to this intervention. I reckon very little.

kailash Jan 03, 2017 12:04pm

Trump will say, Nawaz, you being a fantastic guy, how about giving 80% water to India?

SHARMAJI Jan 03, 2017 12:06pm

What is problem Guys, India wants to use its 20% water share as per IWT.......

Happy new Year and Peace

khakan Jan 03, 2017 12:08pm

@Vivek (Indore) learn to live with in the law.

khakan Jan 03, 2017 12:11pm

@g sindhu If it is great it should start behaving as such

khakan Jan 03, 2017 12:17pm

@Human agreed

Soumik pyne Jan 03, 2017 12:22pm

18 days left for trump to take charge, the whole game changes then!

Faisal Jan 03, 2017 12:25pm

Funny why US wants to help resolve this issue and have been sleeping on the Kashmir issue for so long.

Vasan Jan 03, 2017 12:32pm

@patriot This is the correct reply for the dispute!

Indian national Jan 03, 2017 01:00pm

Don't worry we will never breach Indus Water Treaty (IWT)

Pat Jan 03, 2017 01:14pm

Despite Modi's noisy utterings...Indians will not violate IWT!

DK PAMNANI Jan 03, 2017 01:36pm

Why arbitration or US in between Pakistan and India. Come on table for discussions.

Rashid Sultan Jan 03, 2017 01:42pm

How 2 quench our thirst?

rdm Jan 03, 2017 01:59pm

India has already rejected the arbitration process & sticking to its demand for neutral experts. May be, involvement of USA is for face saving exercise by one country.

Pramod Jan 03, 2017 02:04pm

can someone let me know an issue which is solved by USA ever. i always heard otherwise.

Zaheer Jan 03, 2017 02:28pm

I could not understand what are the benefits to USA? of course there is something for them but what?

real zak Jan 03, 2017 02:41pm

Given the strategic relationship between super power, USA, and strategic geopolitical ally, Pakistan, John Kerry can provide all the water he wants from USA to Pakistan. If there is a shortfall, there is always all weather friend and Iron Brother, China and Iron sister, North Korea, that can provide the balance water

omveer Jan 03, 2017 02:45pm

@Booza complain to China and see the fun.

goodnews Jan 03, 2017 02:50pm

@Booza ... Yes China is the best country to get involved in troubled waters, they know how to deal with such situtation

John Jan 03, 2017 03:00pm

@real zak bhai your comment made my day

Guest Jan 03, 2017 03:13pm

@Nizamuddin Ahmad AAli "Indus Valley Treaty is here to staty & World bank is the guarantor. Pakistan is getting into trap. There is no rush to negotiate the Treaty now. "

America is trying to be friends with Pakistan and China to benefit from CPEC. They have no interest in Indus Valley(?) treaty.

Guest Jan 03, 2017 03:17pm

@Zak You forgot to mention Turkey and KSA.

Raju Jan 03, 2017 03:22pm

right now INDIA is using just 2% of water and entitled for another 18% as per IWT , what is wrong in using own share ? building dam doesn't mean india is going to stop whole water , this is the only way he can use or divert his share towards own land

M.Saeed Jan 03, 2017 03:23pm

The world bodies for making and ensuring compliance of the agreed settlements like IWT between India and Pakistan, need to to grow teeth to be effective.

M.Saeed Jan 03, 2017 03:25pm

@Bipul : India should get all the water that is ensured in the Indus Water Treaty.

M.Saeed Jan 03, 2017 03:33pm

Before talking about water dispute with India, we must get our own internal water disputes with provinces settled through our own technical experts on water. Without Kalabagh dam, we cannot build a downstream dam at Doaba which is already surveyed with conceptual design since 1967 and can impound 22 Million Acre Feet (MAF) of flood water. That is enough to impound two mega floods in Indus. The Doaba dam can only get flood water through diversion channels from Kalabagh dam.

Rahim proud Indian kashmiri Jan 03, 2017 03:33pm

@g sindhu Fully agree with your views.

shivaji Jan 03, 2017 03:46pm

@khakan - Dont you think that applicable to you as well.

Izzat Jan 03, 2017 03:48pm

The treaty and share of water should be rewritten with accordance to current situation.

Afzaal Jan 03, 2017 03:50pm

@g sindhu
I would say narrow minded and self centred, only driven by hate.

Amanullah Jan 03, 2017 03:52pm

This is typical Indian style or wish that they want to be included in every International forum, they would like to be nominated Chairman of Every International forum, but they will not like to follow the norms or principles of that forum. India likes to be included in Security Council Permanent Members rather would like SC to create a special post for it as Chairman SC, but India in no way will follow its resolution. UN resolution on Kashmir is not acceptable, but Yes Indian would Like to be the secretary General. Want to be an Executive member of NSG, although NSG was constituted after India’s violations. Similarly there is no respect for IWT. Current Indian PM likes to be highlighted everywhere like a bollywood hero, as if his name to place Sharukhs in every big hit. He likes to have his name taken everywhere along with US President. Even if the US President is visiting flood affecting areas somewhere in US, the Modi name should also be there like “The US President and NAMO..”

Jaan-bhittani Jan 03, 2017 03:50pm

Like Indus Water Treaty, there should be Conflict Resolution Treaty between the two countries..

Afzaal Jan 03, 2017 03:53pm

@patriot That needs verification but India is always wary of mediators. The fact is India wants to replace attention from Kashmir Issue by initiating another trouble.

chand Jan 03, 2017 04:12pm

@RAJA CHILL then why to read Pak news also express your views.

Afzaal Jan 03, 2017 04:13pm

@M.Saeed I may be wrong but I am looking at it differently. Is there some secret plan between Sharif and Modi just to keep the pot boiling and keeping the respective nations on edge to meet their political agenda. Could this case become more serious and distract from Panama for Sharif and from promises made by Modi which are not materialising by other means like fake surgical strikes etc?

jimmy Jan 03, 2017 04:30pm

good decision

A Shah Jan 03, 2017 04:34pm

I still don't get where the dispute is. Both parties are following the rules that were laid out.

A Shah Jan 03, 2017 04:34pm

If you look at the populations of both the countries, India should get 80% and Pakistan 20%.

Asif Jan 03, 2017 04:34pm

20/80 is a separate thing.. but someone please clarify here how to measure flowing water..

What percentage of water we currently are utilising and what is the wastage percentage?

If we are wasting more than 20 percentage (equal to India's share ratio), what action needs to be taken?

khanm Jan 03, 2017 04:42pm

@sunny They are our mentors....

khanm Jan 03, 2017 04:45pm

@Bipul ... be fair.. let us divide the water on the basis of population...

Iftikhar Husain Jan 03, 2017 04:46pm

USA knows that this is a very hot issue before it comes to trouble between the two countries US should do something.

Dr. SalariA, Aamir Ahmad Jan 03, 2017 04:46pm

This timely act of the outgoing U.S. government proves beyond any reasonable doubt for the “moves and shakers” in New Delhi that the only way to resolve any type and all types of disputes between the two arch rivals in South Asia is a third party mediation, moderation, arbitration or adjudication.

Undoubtedly, the one and the only third-party power or force in the entire world which can help evolve a third-party mediation mechanism and help to eventually resolve these lingering issues between nuclear armed India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the United States of America.

khanm Jan 03, 2017 04:50pm

@Booza if India can block the water ...with the same token China can do the same...does it make sense... but china will never do that why!!!! ????? Value... Your beliefs become your thoughts, Your thoughts become your words, Your words become your actions, Your actions become your habits, Your habits become your values, Your values become your destiny.” ― Mahatma Gandhi

Arslan Malik Jan 03, 2017 04:54pm

India's ally to rescue from case going to arbitration court.

saif Jan 03, 2017 04:54pm

Be cautious. US and India are in one bed.

SHAHID MAHMOOD Jan 03, 2017 04:58pm

@Afzaal I agree with you fully here. Both are taking their public for a ride. But after all this India will steal more water from Pakistan. And nawaz will keep his money in London and Pakistan will be harmed further.

khanm Jan 03, 2017 04:54pm

@Realist you are upper riparian and we are lower riparian... but we share the same let us enjoy the picnic by the river before we wipe out each other...

saber Jan 03, 2017 04:56pm

Its good move, before Pakistan take any extreme action.

HD USA Jan 03, 2017 05:01pm

@Asif " but someone please clarify here how to measure flowing water.."

Measure by how many hectors of land has been irrigated and storage capacity ..reservoirs for use in winter / summer.

Pakistan has put on hold construction of Dams and reservoirs. There is considerable sippages in canals systems. 80% share is not utilised to the fullest extent ( only 50%) Remaining flows into sea although population growth is the highest.

Javed Jan 03, 2017 05:18pm

@Bipul Look at the rivers map. 80% flow in Pakistan so 80:20 ratio is only fair. Implying violence will get you nowhere.

Muhammad Jan 03, 2017 05:18pm

@A Shah its not that simle. India has multiple sources of water through ganges river system, narmada, godavari, kaveri, bhramhaputra, sabarmati etc. while pakistan only has this system plus india in general receives more rain then pakistan thus increasing her alternate source of water. Finally indus river system only irrigates lands in kashmir, punjab and few dists of haryana and rajasthan while in case of pakistan, the entire country is dependent upon it including balochistan.

HD USA Jan 03, 2017 05:30pm


I fully agree with you ....but why Pakistan has abandoned Dam projects ? How many hectors of land had been irrigated...? Reservoirs and storage status ? You have made yourself vulnerable to such eventuality

Sunil Varma Jan 03, 2017 05:37pm

It has been forecast in the Nostradamus , that all future wars between nations will be fought over water ! We can see the symptoms already...

ABDULRAHMAN Jan 03, 2017 05:51pm

I think Indus river originates in Tibet, which is in China and Brahmaputra river which flows in India also originates in China. What will be the impact of Indian move? Not sure - how china may react to protect it's interest in CPEC. Hope that India and Pakistan will resolve the dispute by talking.

Menon Jan 03, 2017 06:28pm

@Nizamuddin Ahmad AAli

World is not he guarantor.

Go read the treaty.

Jigar USA Jan 03, 2017 06:43pm

@Bipul Totally agree with 50/50 share of water.

Atif Jan 03, 2017 07:03pm

@sunny Do you actually understand English? The article clearly states that US has decided to intervene ON HER OWN!!

kaliraja thangamani Jan 03, 2017 07:11pm

If both India and Pakistan had the willingness,then only any accord will be successful. Pakistan mishandled the opportunity, when the home minister of India visited Islamabad. Today both countries on the crossroad. Very sad.

T.M. Reddy Jan 03, 2017 07:15pm

Involvement of any country should consider the historical background of these two countries. Most important thing is population and land size should be major criteria for distribution of water. Every country wants the natural resources as their own...

Jay Jan 03, 2017 07:51pm

@khanm valuez? Do you know South China Sea

Ravindra Sharma Jan 03, 2017 08:17pm

What will U S do ? Come on the table and talk to India , no way available than this one ? What is U S doing in South China Sea in which arbitration order is passed ?

ashfaq hussain Jan 03, 2017 08:17pm

This shows U.S is still the superpower

Kate Jan 03, 2017 08:27pm

@khanm This is the best comment!

zak Jan 03, 2017 08:46pm

US knows, India's nefarious plans and Pakistan reactive plan, so they moved in to stop India, playing the evil rogue.

aak Jan 03, 2017 09:13pm

Cannot India and Pakistan prove to world that we stands amongst mature nation and we can resolve our dispute with mutual respect and dignity including longstanding Kashmir issue.

Dynamite Jan 03, 2017 09:24pm

@zak - wow !! just WOW

Birds eye Jan 03, 2017 09:46pm

@zak So if according to you, acting as per the Treaty i.e., utilising India's allocated share of 20% is nefarious, then what is fair game? Kindly can you enlighten us?

Stark reality Jan 03, 2017 09:52pm

Whatever has to be done , do it behind the door. The negative forces will do everything to sabotage the efforts.

B R Chawla Jan 03, 2017 09:55pm

Can USA be trusted to deliver results. They just want the keep the pot boiling so that they can sell more armaments to both the countries. Indus water treaty is a well drafted document which India shall adhere to by apportioning its full share as stipulated in the treaty.

ZAK Jan 03, 2017 10:04pm

Once CPEC becomes functional, we won't need this treaty anymore.

Vijay Jan 03, 2017 10:15pm

@Nizamuddin Ahmad AAli First sane comment on this episode.

Vijay Jan 03, 2017 10:17pm

@Booza Get real bro, Comparing USA and China is like comparing Mughle Azam with Sultan of Dungarpur.

Bombaiyaa Jan 03, 2017 10:39pm

@Debutant - dont believe what you see here.. until and unless US confirms its not true.

Asif Jan 03, 2017 10:42pm

Why kalabagh project halted?

It's a question to be asked...

Bombaiyaa Jan 03, 2017 10:41pm

@khanm - or rather what has been laid out in the actual treaty itself.. if you go by population, its going to be 80% to india and 20% to pakistan... you like that ??

nath Jan 03, 2017 10:58pm

@Booza Please read your geography and see how the water flows.

Jagga Jat Jan 03, 2017 11:05pm

IWT was signed by Nehru and Liaqat ali Khan when 60% (majority) of the pakistani population was living in East Pakistan. Since then all the treaties with "West Pakistan" should have ceased to exist (except the new ones in 1971 and after). So! It is time to revisit all the treaties that were signed between India-Pakistan prior to 1971-72 (creation of Bangladesh)

M.Sethi Jan 03, 2017 11:03pm

They'll just delay and gain time for India to complete the two dams that their building on the rivers !

US,interest are more tilted towards India at the moment then Pakistan.One cannot expect them to seriously deal with the issue.It would be better that Pakistan go ahead with the decision of demanding World Bank to appoint a arbitrator to resolve the issue in accordance to the IWT.

Love india Jan 03, 2017 11:07pm

@khanm china and values??? There is no connection between them ..

san Jan 03, 2017 11:16pm

When India is investing in IW Hydroelectric plants, it has clearly read the possible options that can be considered.

Syed R. Haider Jan 03, 2017 11:26pm

Indus Water Treaty (IWT) should be discussed and resolved mutually and peacefully as per water distribution signed treaty at the time of independence. Both countries should comply with water treaty rules and regulations as described under IWT contract. Since India is trying to breach the contract and working to dismantle Pakistan water resources by constructing two dams over Neelam and Chinab river distributes. Dam construction design which affect or reduce water flow to Pakistan is a violation of the IWT contract. Team of International legal experts of countries like U.S, England, and China should stop India from breaching the contract. India playing Bullying role in the region and it should not be accepted by Pakistan. Like India is killing poor people Kashmiries since 1947.

Pats Jan 04, 2017 03:44am

India is building these Dams in J&K for the Kashmiri People, I see when any good is done for the Kashmir People, you have been raising the your voice against it, it seems you don't like them to improve there life.

SaSH Jan 04, 2017 04:09am

Mr. Kerry ..few days u will b powerless ..why all this drama . Come 20th as Mr.Trump told ..

Krishnan Jan 04, 2017 04:26am

This man Kerry is a guest for only 13 more days.

Dan Jan 04, 2017 05:14am

Guys take it easy. Don't over react. Best to solve mutually.

Shaukat Jan 04, 2017 05:49am

@patriot , bull sh......, India is already using 32% of the water as per

professor Albright of MIT who is the utmost authority of these tedious and very technical calculations.India is an ugly bully but it won't work in case of Pakistan.God forbid if India did something stupid to choke Pakistan, it will be an act of war as Kh. Asif defence minister of Pakistan already said and China might choke India too of Braham putra river.

Shaukat Jan 04, 2017 05:50am

@sunny , because the US is the World bank and World bank is US, they have vested interest in this(World bank brokered the treaty with lots of dough.)

srini Jan 04, 2017 06:49am

Where is the dispute? what is the dispute in first place? All imaginary and hollow.

Dr. Ramesh Sharma Jan 04, 2017 07:35am

@ZAK This means CPEC is going to generate all the water Pakistan needs?

patel. Los Angles, Jan 04, 2017 07:37am

Outgoing govt in USA should concentrate on packing their bags as new administration will be taking the office let them decide what is to be done. Glad Trumps govt came to power.

Nizamuddin Ahmad Aali Jan 04, 2017 08:59am

This treaty is very old, signed by Mesers. Nehru & Ayub. Ayub gave away two and half rivers water to India for some unknown reason. Probably ignorance or a skillful man was on the other side. Indus river has very fast current, therefore it was established that a dam will be impossible to build. As of today India does not get a drop of Indus River water. World Bank is the guarantor of this treaty and can not be changed without both parties agreement. If India can build a dam without hurting us then we should get some thing ( water from other rivers ). Which is fair. Sadly we have politicians who are not capable of skilled negotiation. In my opinion Dawn Daily should dedicate a forum on daily basis with full introduction to problem, history of treaty, benefits to the two countries. Publishing the actual treaty will be a good idea to understand the whole issue. We are becoming poorer by day just because we fight to no end on every matter. Let us be civil this time.

Nizamuddin Ahmad Aali Jan 04, 2017 09:06am

There are people in WAPDA today who have been involved in this treaty and dam building from the very first day. Let us hear to their opinion instead of Mr. Modi's speeches and threats.

SACHIN Jan 04, 2017 09:12am

Mutual interests can be achieved through mutual co operation.In india-pak case it is more relevant ,not only because they are neighbors but they have much space to groom in a developed nation and that task is far away if they are countering each other anywhere by any standards .

Nadim Jan 04, 2017 09:35am

Seems like CPEC will produce water also? Am I correct?

Abu Zoha Jan 04, 2017 11:49am

when would USA avoid poking its nose in other's affairs.

Sunil Varma Jan 04, 2017 12:08pm

@Jagga Jat ...I fully agree with your comment ! As Pakistan's half population got divided in 1971 , the treaties signed with erstwhile Pakistan must be revisited by both countries. 80% water of the Indus system was agreed upon keeping in mind East and West Pakistan. Same is not the case after 1971.

A Fairdeal Muslim Jan 04, 2017 01:19pm

@sikander khan ... is it fair if USA is involved in this affair?

khanm Jan 04, 2017 04:53pm

@Love india... China never dropped the A bomb like our Mentor the USA...

khanm Jan 04, 2017 05:00pm

@Bombaiyaa ... what we are getting is probably less than 20 percent..PAL PAL PAL.. let us not fight for water. let us fight for human lives..look around what you see in sub continent poverty, disease, exploitation... cannot find peace by avoiding life.

khanm Jan 04, 2017 05:04pm

@Sunil Varma never knew that, that water flows to Bengla desh...

Zak Jan 04, 2017 09:40pm

@wiserneighbour india will decide nothing, kashmiris will decide their own destiny and how their water will be used. What ever India does, pakistan will have a say.

Zak Jan 04, 2017 09:41pm

@Bipul india must vacate kashmir 100%.

CITIZEN Jan 04, 2017 10:33pm

Kashmir issue is the first and last solution.

El Cid Jan 05, 2017 12:03am

Beware the Trojan Horse. Greeks carrying gifts!

LAHORI KID Jan 05, 2017 12:07am

Mr. John Kerry, with all respect, there is nothing to resolve, only right and wrong, Modi's ideas and actions being wrong.

alla bux Jan 05, 2017 02:59am

@khanm They would have if they could have.

Paramjeet Singh Ahluwalia Jan 05, 2017 04:29am

This is bogus news, the state dept. briefing makes it abundantly clear.

Ahsan Gul Jan 05, 2017 06:09am

What dumb comments I am reading not to have USA involved? Some of the guys make comments without having even basic understandings. USA is arm twisting Pakistan its former friend to show that too much of China and Russia will not be advantageous for PK.

Khwarezmi Jan 05, 2017 06:26am

@Pats Please do not bring up the Kashmiris who you have terrorised for 70 years. 300.000 Kashmiris were ethnically cleansed in Jammu at independence and over 100.000 Kashmiris have been killed in my own life time. Then there are the torture and rape by the Indian Army as reported by Amnesty Internation and countless Kashmiri victims. Building dams for them? Please, do not insult everyones intelligence.

ahsan Jan 05, 2017 08:09am

Looking at the comments __ US never gets involved in something with out having a vested interest. This help from US is the indication of the fears of US from the growing relations of Russia-china-Pakistan. In a way to undermine these relations and at the same time gain confidence of Pakistan is the obvious interest, if one carefully studies the role of US in international politics. I hope this time, Pakistan must choose its allies and foes carefully by making a rationale decision reviewing the past thoroughly.

mansurulbari Jan 05, 2017 12:36pm

It is unfortunate that india(modi govt) does not understand the meaning of peacefull living and forgetting that SHIVJI has gone to lick the dust

mansurulbari Jan 05, 2017 12:42pm

It is correct,but arbitration becomes imperative when world peace is endangered due to foolishness of one party

raa Jan 05, 2017 02:00pm

Mr Khawaja Asif will now threaten that he would use Nukes to make the treaty to work