Taliban say they control 85pc of Afghanistan

Published July 10, 2021
Mawlawi Shahabuddin Dilawar, member of political delegation from the Afghan Taliban's movement gestures during a news conference in Moscow, Russia on Friday. — AP
Mawlawi Shahabuddin Dilawar, member of political delegation from the Afghan Taliban's movement gestures during a news conference in Moscow, Russia on Friday. — AP

KABUL: Taliban officials said on Friday the insurgent group had taken control of 85 per cent of territory in Afghanistan, and international concern mounted over problems getting medicines and supplies into the country.

Afghan government officials described the assertion that the Taliban controlled most of the country as part of a propaganda campaign launched as foreign military personnel, including those from the United States, withdraw after almost 20 years of fighting.

However, local Afghan officials said Taliban fighters, emboldened by the withdrawal, had captured an important district in Herat province, home to tens of thousands of minority Shia Hazaras.

Insurgent group’s officials tell news conference in Moscow they will not allow their territory to be used against neighbours

Torghundi, a northern town on the border with Turkmenistan, had also been captured by the Taliban overnight, Afghan and Taliban officials said.

Hundreds of Afghan security personnel and refugees continued to flee across the border into neighbouring Iran and Tajikistan, causing concern in Moscow and other foreign capitals that radical groups could infiltrate Central Asia.

Three visiting Taliban officials sought to address those concerns during a visit to Moscow. “We will take all measures so that (militant) Islamic State (group) will not operate on Afghan territory... and our territory will never be used against our neighbours,” one of the Taliban officials, Shahabuddin Delawar, told a news conference.

He said, “you and the entire world community have probably recently learned that 85pc of the territory of Afghanistan has come under the control” of the Taliban.

The same delegation said a day earlier that the group would not attack the Tajik-Afghan border, the fate of which is in focus in Russia and Central Asia.

Asked about how much territory the Taliban held, Pentagon spokesman John Kirby declined direct comment. “Claiming territory or claiming ground doesn’t mean you can sustain that or keep it over time” he said in an interview with CNN.

“And so I think it’s really time for the Afghan forces to get into the field — and they are in the field — and to defend their country, their people.”

“They’ve got the capacity, they’ve got the capability. Now it’s time to have that will,” he said.

As fighting continued, a World Health Organisation (WHO) official said health workers were struggling to get medicines and supplies into Afghanistan, and that some staff had fled after facilities came under attack.

The WHO’s regional emergencies director, Rick Brennan, said at least 18.4 million people required humanitarian assistance, including 3.1 million children at risk of acute malnutrition.

“We are concerned about our lack of access to be able to provide essential medicines and supplies and we are concerned about attacks on health care,” Brennan, speaking via video link from Cairo, told a UN briefing in Geneva.

Some aid would arrive by next week, including 3.5m Covid-19 vaccine doses and oxygen concentrators, he said. They included doses of Johnson & Johnson’s shot donated by the United States and AstraZeneca doses through the Covax facility.

A US donation of more than 1.4m doses of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine arrived on Friday, the UN children’s agency said.

In Afghanistan, a prominent anti-Taliban commander said he would support efforts by Afghan forces to claw back control of parts of western Afghanistan, including a border crossing with Iran.

Mohammad Ismail Khan, widely known as the Lion of Herat, urged civilians to join the fight. He said hundreds of armed civilians from Ghor, Badghis, Nimroz, Farah, Helmand and Kandahar provinces had come to his house and were ready to fill the security void created by foreign force withdrawal.

President Joe Biden said on Thursday the Afghan people must decide their own future and that he would not consign another generation of Americans to the two-decade-old war. Biden has set a target date of Aug 31 for the final withdrawal of US forces, minus about 650 troops to provide security for the US embassy in Kabul.

Biden said Washington had long ago achieved its original rationale for invading the country in 2001: to root out Al Qaeda militants and prevent another attack on the United States like the one launched on Sept 11, 2001.

Published in Dawn, July 10th, 2021

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