Evidence of nine Neanderthals found in Italian cave

Published May 9, 2021
Fossilised remains of Neanderthals which have been found in the Guattari Cave in San Felice Circeo, south of Rome. —AFP
Fossilised remains of Neanderthals which have been found in the Guattari Cave in San Felice Circeo, south of Rome. —AFP

ROME: The fossil remains of nine Neanderthal men have been found in a cave in Italy, the culture ministry announced on Saturday, a major discovery in the study of our ancient cousins.

All the individuals found in the Guattari Cave in San Felice Circeo, located on the coast between Rome and Naples, are believed to be adults, although one might have been a youth.

Eight of them date to between 50,000 and 68,000 years ago, while the oldest could be 90,000 or 100,000 years old, the ministry said in a statement.

“Together with two others found in the past on the site, they bring the total number of individuals present in the Guattari Cave to 11, confirming it as one of the most significant sites in the world for the history of Neanderthal man,” the ministry said.

Culture Minister Dario Franceschini hailed the find as “an extraordinary discovery which the whole world will be talking about”. Francesco Di Mario, who led the excavation project, said it represented a Neanderthal population that would have been quite large in the area.

Local director of anthropology Mario Rubini said the discovery will shed “important light on the history of the peopling of Italy”. “Neanderthal man is a fundamental stage in human evolution, representing the apex of a species and the first human society we can talk about,” he said.

The findings follow new research begun in October 2019 into the Guattari Cave, which was found by accident by a group of workers in February 1939.

Published in Dawn, May 9th, 2021

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