Violence mars voting in India’s eastern battleground state

Published April 30, 2019
Indian voters stand in queue to cast their votes at a polling booth in Bardhaman east constituency, West Bengal state, India on Monday, April 29, 2019. — AP
Indian voters stand in queue to cast their votes at a polling booth in Bardhaman east constituency, West Bengal state, India on Monday, April 29, 2019. — AP

MUMBAI: West Bengal state, crucial for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s hopes of retaining power, took centre stage in India’s staggered general election on Monday after clashes broke out between supporters of his party and a regional bloc.

Security forces chased away people wielding sticks after workers from Modi’s Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) took on those from regional Trinamool Congress in the city of Asansol, police said.

Modi is hoping to gain seats in West Bengal, a populous state in eastern India, to offset likely losses in the north of the country.

An Election Commission of India official said paramilitary forces fired a blank round inside a polling station in another constituency in the state after a scuffle between voters and troops, who were demanding that mobile phones be kept aside while voting, as rules state.

There were no immediate reports of any poll-related injuries in West Bengal, where at least one person was killed and three injured during the third phase of voting last week.

Monday’s was the fourth round in the country’s phased election, which involves some 900 million voters and which started on April 11 with Modi in the lead amid heightened tension with long-time rival Pakistan. The last phase is on May 19 and results are expected four days later.

There are a total of 545 seats in parliament’s lower house.

The BJP is in a direct, and sometimes bloody, fight in West Bengal with Trinamool, whose chief, Mamata Banerjee, is one of Modi’s biggest critics and who is a possible candidate for prime minister.

The BJP currently holds only two of West Bengal’s 42 parliamentary seats.

“We have asked for central forces at all polling booths so that free and fair elections can be held in the state,” said Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, a minister in Modi’s cabinet, referring to federal paramilitary police.

Modi told a rally in West Bengal that at least 40 Trinamool state lawmakers were in touch with him and would leave the party after votes are counted on May 23.

Trinamool accused Modi of attempting to horse-trade, telling him: “Nobody will go with you”.

The party also alleged that federal security forces were trying to influence voters to back the BJP wherever they were deployed.

Maidul Islam, a professor of political science at Kolkata’s Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, said the stakes were high for both parties, with Trinamool hoping to be part of a federal government coalition.

In occupied Jammu and Kashmir state’s Anantnag constituency, which is voting in three phases due to security concerns, paramilitary forces fired teargas and pellets to disperse youth throwing stones at them, a police officer said.

Four persons suffered pellet injuries, of which two had been hospitalised in Srinagar, the summer capital of occupied Kashmir, the officer said, declining to be identified since he was not authorised to speak to the media.

More than 128 million people were eligible to vote in this round of the seven-phase election, held across 72 seats in nine states.

About 62.56 per cent of those eligible had voted by 8pm, according to interim figures from the election commission.

Modi’s coalition won more than 75 per cent of the seats in the nine states in the previous election, in 2014.

Many of the constituencies are in Uttar Pradesh state in the north and Maharashtra — where the financial capital Mumbai is located — in the west, both of which are ruled by the BJP and its allies. Uttar Pradesh elects the most lawmakers, with Mahara­shtra next and West Bengal third.

Political analysts say the BJP may struggle to repeat its strong showing this time due mainly to a jobs shortage and weak farm prices, issues that the main opposition Congress party has seized on.

Published in Dawn, April 30th, 2019

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