Manganese content in petrol to be phased out next year

Published May 26, 2018
Japanese and local automakers say high manganese content in petrol hurts vehicle performance by choking catalytic converter and engine knocking.
Japanese and local automakers say high manganese content in petrol hurts vehicle performance by choking catalytic converter and engine knocking.

KARACHI: Ministry of Energy (Petroleum Division) has specified various limits of metal contents level (manganese and iron) in the prevalent specifications of 90/92/95/97 RON petrol (imported and locally produced).

The Ministry on May 24 informed Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (Ogra), Hydrocarbon Institute of Pakistan and Oil Companies Advisory Council (OCAC) that metal content (manganese) in 90, 92, 95, 97 RON local/imported petrol should be 40mg (max) per litre with immediate effect to Oct 30, 2018 while from Nov 1, 2018 to April 30, 2019 the level of manganese content should be 24mg per litre (maximum).

With stakeholders’ consensus it would be decided to phase out the manganese completely from the petrol after May 1, 2019.

Iron in any form such as related to iron-base octane enhancing additives (e.g. Ferrocene) or factors other than iron base octane enhancing additives is not permitted.

On gram per litre content of manganese, Ministry of Energy said this would ensure that testing is performed in accordance with the prescribed method used by SGS, namely ASTM D 3831, whilst keeping it with the precision limits of the said method i.e. 0.25 to 40mg/litre.

The Ministry said that in order to restrict and monitor the said metal contents levels, the committee constituted to examine the matter has decided to specify the following limits of the metal contents level (concentrations).

Honda Atlas Pakistan (HAP) in August last year had raised up a serious issue of high level of manganese contents in petrol with Ogra which was later supported by Pakistan Automotive Manufacturers Association (Pama) though other manufacturers like Pak Suzuki Motor Company Limited (PSMCL) and Indus Motor Company (IMC) did not complain about low quality of fuel.

Honda Atlas pointed out that high manganese content in upgraded 92 RON petrol was causing blocking or choking of catalytic converter and engine knocking due to low octane quality besides causing adverse impact on human health. HAP had suspended assembly of Honda Civic Turbo VTEC over low quality of petrol.

Later, Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (Jama) came up with high manganese content in petrol was causing health hazard and engine problems.

Pama had complained that high manganese content in fuel emanated from a chemical to boost octane number. Pama said there were hazardous technological and environmental repercussions of the metal content in fuel, if used beyond certain safe limits.

From a technical standpoint, manganese compromises engine performance in the long run, chokes catalytic converter of the vehicle and aggravates pollution level by not converting unsafe substances of the exhaust.

The Jama delegation that visited Pakistan in March had claimed that petrol being used in Pakistan invariably contained manganese whose average was 52.6 ppm (parts per million); the highest figure being 86ppm. Jama was reported to have proposed of allowing maximum 18ppm and later phasing out metal completely.

Published in Dawn, May 26th, 2018

Follow Dawn Business on Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram and Facebook for insights on business, finance and tech from Pakistan and across the world.

Opinion

Editorial

Noshki killings
Updated 14 Apr, 2024

Noshki killings

It must be asked why Baloch separatists continue to target civilians as well as security men despite large deployment.
Upholding the law
14 Apr, 2024

Upholding the law

THE recent discord in Bahawalnagar offers a chance to reflect on the sanctity of the law and its enforcement across...
Tragic travels
14 Apr, 2024

Tragic travels

FOR those embarking on road and boat journeys, the probability of fatal accidents has seen a steady rise. The recent...
Security lapses
Updated 13 Apr, 2024

Security lapses

Ensuring the safety of foreign citizens is paramount, not just for diplomatic relations but for our economic future.
An eventful season
13 Apr, 2024

An eventful season

THE Senate chairman and deputy chairman were elected unopposed, and 41 new senators were sworn in on Tuesday,...
Living rough
13 Apr, 2024

Living rough

WE either don’t see them or don’t want to see them — not even when they are actively trying to get our...