MOGADISHU: The militant Islamic State group has claimed its first suicide attack in Somalia that left at least five people dead as it steps up activities in a region dominated by the Al Qaeda-linked Shabaab.

The group’s self-styled news agency Amaq claimed the “martyrdom-seeking operation with an explosive vest” in a statement carried by the SITE Intelligence Group which noted it was the first such attack by the jihadists in Somalia.

The suicide bomber, named and pictured in the statement, detonated his explosives vest late on Tuesday at a checkpoint in the northeastern port city of Bosaso in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland. The IS statement said seven people were killed and 10 wounded.

The blast occurred near a hotel often used as a meeting place for local officials, witnesses said.

Puntland set up its own government in 1998, but unlike neighbouring Somaliland, it has not declared full independence.

The region has often come under attack by Shabaab militants and is also home to a breakaway group of fighters who have declared allegiance to IS. However the group has so far failed to gather much support while the Shabaab have taken pains to purge those expressing pro-IS sentiment from their ranks.

The militants are led by former Shabaab cleric Abdiqadir Mumin who switched allegiance from Al Qaeda to IS in October 2015 and was named a “global terrorist” by the US State Department in August.

Aside from issuing occasional promotional videos, the group seized the small fishing town of Qandala before being ousted by Puntland forces in December. Mumin was born in Puntland and lived in Sweden before moving to the UK in the 2000s, where he was granted British citizenship.

In London and Leicester, he developed a reputation as a firebrand preacher at extremist mosques and in videos posted online.

Monitored by MI5, Britain’s domestic intelligence agency, Mumin is thought to have known Mohamed Emwazi, the IS executioner nicknamed “Jihadi John”, and Michael Adebolajo, one of two people convicted over the 2013 murder of British soldier Lee Rigby in London.

In 2010, Mumin travelled to Somalia to join the Shabaab — which both Emwazi and Adebolajo had unsuccessfully tried to do.

He initially served as an imam and propagandist before taking control of the Puntland faction of the Shabaab and later defecting to IS with a handful of fighters — despite lacking battlefield experience.

Observers say his supporters are mostly made up of members of his own Majerteen clan, and the very existence of Mumin’s group is attributed to complex local clan rivalries.

The International Crisis Group estimated in November that his group counted some 200 members and warned the threat of IS could not be “dismissed as insignificant”.

The group called for a “genuine political initiative to address local clan grievances”.

Published in Dawn, May 25th, 2017

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