DESPITE contributing 60 per cent to Pakistan’s total exports, the textile sector of the country has been badly affected during the last 15 years due to official inattention and low cotton production. Contrary to the claim of an improvement in the textile sector, the All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (Aptma) reported a decline of 6pc in exports in 2020 compared to 2019.

Pakistan is the fifth largest producer of cotton in the world, with an average production of 1,350 metric tonnes. The current cotton production in the country is just about half of what it was producing until a few years ago, and is expected to decrease further in the next few years. The country now faces shortage of cotton and has to import it to meet its needs.

Experts attribute the decline in cotton production to lack of research and development. The per-acre yield of Pakistani farmers is about 50pc less than the global trend. As a result, the farmers have to spend money out of their own pockets. Although the price of our cotton in the international market is equal to that of other countries, it has become a major problem for the farmers because of the low per-acre yield.

For this reason, farmers are cultivating other commodities besides cotton, especially sugarcane, rice and maize. Thus, in the last five years, the area under cultivation for cotton crop has reduced, while the area under sugarcane, rice and maize crops has increased.

The relevant authorities should take immediate steps to manage this problem, provide subsidies and loans to the farmers, and establish an institute for cotton crop to educate the farmers about modern machinery and fertilisers.

Abdul Rehman
Karachi

Published in Dawn, July 24th, 2021

Opinion

What a tangled web

What a tangled web

So poorly kept is this secret about the opposition’s real hopes and no plans that even the government has figured it out.
Climate threat over South Asia
Updated 26 Oct 2021

Climate threat over South Asia

Water shortages, drought, floods or landslides and tsunamis are not constrained by national boundaries.
Losing heritage
26 Oct 2021

Losing heritage

It’s not a good idea to turn Mohatta into a college.
The long impasse
Updated 25 Oct 2021

The long impasse

Management of Pakistan-India tensions is likely to remain the main focus of sporadic backchannel efforts.

Editorial

Perfect in every way
Updated 26 Oct 2021

Perfect in every way

GLORIOUS. Gratifying. Liberating. Pakistan’s thumping victory over India in their opening fixture of the T20 World...
26 Oct 2021

Balochistan CM’s exit

ON Sunday, Jam Kamal Khan Alyani’s name was added to the long list of chief ministers of Balochistan who ...
Minister’s odd logic
26 Oct 2021

Minister’s odd logic

THE government’s contradictions and confusion appear to have no end when it comes to dealing with the Tehreek-i-Labbaik Pakistan.
25 Oct 2021

Party to a vile campaign

THE PTI government’s hostility towards the media and its intolerance for dissent is well known. The target of ...
Financial crisis
Updated 25 Oct 2021

Financial crisis

DESPITE having progressed to ‘very good step’ and being ‘close to concluding the agreement’ a few days back,...
25 Oct 2021

Morals and Pemra

TIME and again, Pemra has come under fire for issuing arbitrary instructions to TV channels on matters ranging from...