BEIJING, Aug 18: China and Russia began their first joint military exercises on Thursday aimed at boosting cooperation between the former adversaries and sending a message to the United States about their growing influence.

Eight days of war games between the giant neighbours, who share a 4,300-km border, also present a commercial opportunity for Russia, China’s biggest supplier of arms and weapons technology, to flog its wares, analysts say.

“The main target is the United States. Both sides want to improve their position for bargaining in terms of security, politics and economics,” said Jin Canrong, a professor of international relations at the People’s University of China.

Both countries say “Peace Mission 2005”, which involves 10,000 troops and army, navy and air force exercises, is aimed at building ties between their militaries and analysts say it is not targeted at any third country.

“Military cooperation is linked with political and economic cooperation as part of a bigger package,” said Robert Karniol, Asia-Pacific editor for Jane’s Defence Weekly. “It’s not an adversarial posture.”

But with the drills also helping to “strengthen the capability of the two armed forces in jointly striking international terrorism, extremism and separatism”, according to China’s Xinhua news agency, they are likely to be viewed with concern by others in the region.

The word separatism will give pause for thought to the residents of Taiwan, the self-governed island China claims as its own and which it has vowed must return to its rule — by force if necessary.

STABILITY: Russia and China also see common ground in Central Asia, both in trying to ensure political turmoil in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan does not spill into their borders and in checking the US presence in the region.

After last year’s “Orange Revolution” in Ukraine, when demonstrators propelled a pro-Western government to power following street protests against rigged elections, Russia took the initiative to upgrade the scale of the exercise with China, Jin said.

In July, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), a regional security forum grouping China and Russia with the Central Asian states, told U.S.-led troops to fix a date for their departure from military bases in the region.

That, along with the fact observers from other SCO countries will be at the war games, is further fuelling theories they are intended to send a message to Washington.

“This is above all an assault on the uni-polar world that has so suited Washington since the end of the Cold War,” Russian daily Nezavismaya gazeta said.

The United States said the exercises supported a shared goal of regional stability, but added a word of caution.

“We would hope that anything that they do is not something that would be disruptive to the current atmosphere in the region,” U.S. State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said.

The exercises are taking place in the Russian Pacific near Vladivostok and in the Chinese coastal province of Shandong and run through Aug 25.—Reuters

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