Australia aflame

Jan 15 2020


Mahir Ali
Mahir Ali

IF a picture is worth a thousand words, it was perhaps the indelible image of a scampering kangaroo silhouetted against a wall of fire on New Year’s Eve that seared the ongoing Australian bushfire tragedy on to the international consciousness.

In fact, the driest continent on earth has been alight since September, the onset of spring in the southern hemisphere calendar. The fires have been spreading ever since. Millions of hectares have been reduced to ashes, with nearly 30 fatalities so far, including a number of volunteer firefighters.

The phenomenon is certainly not unusual. Bushfires have regularly recurred across Australia for thousands of years, and it’s unusual for a year to pass by without at least a minor tragedy. The continent’s indigenous inhabitants learned to cope. The European settlers who arrived in the 18th century are still struggling.

Everyone with even an ounce of sense is willing to acknowledge that the extent and intensity of the past five months’ seemingly unquenchable flames is unprecedented in living memory.

It is, or by now should be, common knowledge that climate change exacerbates natural disasters, from droughts and floods to hurricanes and wildfires, in terms of frequency and ferocity. That scientific conclusion may be considered incontrovertible elsewhere but remains controversial in Australia.

The extent of the fires is unprecedented in living memory.

A couple of years ago, in his capacity as federal treasurer, Scott Morrison, infamously carried a black lump into parliament, where he declared: “This is coal. Don’t be afraid. Don’t be scared. It won’t hurt you.” Last month, in his capacity as prime minister, Morrison went on a holiday to Hawaii with his family, while the flames were getting higher in the country he is supposed to govern.

Everyone is entitled to a vacation, even if it’s poorly timed, but to leave behind instructions, as Morrison apparently did, that his location must not be revealed to the media or anyone else goes beyond the pale of the proverbial Aussie ‘fair go’. The truth was leaked even before fellow Australian tourists in Hawaii had the chance to tweet selfies with a grinning prime minister.

The vacation had to be cut short, but when Morrison visited a few of the devastated communities, many of the victims did not hesitate to convey their true feelings in chaste Aussie slang. The unfiltered comments were a reaction not so much to his tendency towards climate change denial as to his insouciance, which included avoiding a meeting requested for months by the heads of nationwide firefighting outfits, who wished to alert him to dangers they foresaw, based on their extensive experience.

Perhaps chastened by the rebukes and dwindling poll numbers, a seemingly contrite Morrison has hinted at changing course and offered to hold a public inquiry. There is no evidence so far, however, of any intention to step up Australia’s thus far dismal response to the multiple challenges posed by climate change — not least because the conservative coalition the prime minister represents is peppered with denialists and those interested chiefly in preserving the privileges, profits and export potential of the fossil fuel industry.

That goes also for the bulk of the print media, most of it owned by Rupert Murdoch, who not too long ago paraded either his ignorance or his duplicity by claiming that there were no climate change denialists in his outlets.

Having worked for a Murdoch publication until a few months ago, I can testify to the absurdity of that proposition. The donkey stable of columnists at his national broadsheet, The Austra­lian, overflows with far-right ideologues who, among a wide range of other absurdities, doggedly push the notion either that anth­ro­­pomorphic climate change is a myth, or that not­hing can really be done about it without harming the economy, so let’s pursue ‘growth’ regardless of the cost.

Such attitudes are not restricted to Australia, of course. The Paris Agreement may have outlined wholly inadequate measures for restricting global warming, but it obviously doesn’t help when one of the world’s biggest polluters pulls out and its chief honcho begins dismantling already inadequate environmental constraints.

Australia experienced its hottest year on record in 2019, but it wasn’t the only such country. Who has ever heard of artificial snow being deployed to impart a festive semblance to New Year festivities in Moscow, or of temperatures soaring into the mid-teens in Norway at the height of winter, or of glaciers around Mount Everest making way for greenery?

Even nations far more alive than Australia to the threats that lie ahead are falling far short of the drastic changes required to curb the consequences of global warming. The tipping point was probably reached long ago in the relentless march to hell on earth. Immediately adopting green new deals may help to restrain the fires next time — or, more likely, the time after that. But doing next to nothing is a green light for doom.

Published in Dawn, January 15th, 2020