KABUL: Elements of the Taliban are open to talks with the Afghan government, US Defence Secretary Jim Mattis claimed on Tuesday as he arrived in Kabul on an unannounced visit.
Mattis flew into the war-torn city two weeks after Afghan President Ashraf Ghani unveiled a plan to open peace talks with the Taliban, Afghanistan’s biggest militant group.
The insurgents have so far given no formal response to Kabul’s offer for negotiations, but Mattis said some Taliban leaders had expressed an interest in the discussions.
“It may not be that the whole Taliban comes over in one fell swoop, that would be a bridge too far, but there are elements of the Taliban clearly interested in talking to the Afghan government,” he told reporters aboard a military jet.
Ghani’s peace plan includes eventually recognising the Taliban as a political party.
The group has said it is prepared to negotiate, but only with the United States and not with the Kabul government.
The Taliban last week described the Afghan government as “illegitimate” and its peace process efforts as “deceptive”, in a statement calling for a boycott of an Islamic scholars’ conference in Jakarta.
“Right now we want the Afghans to lead and to provide the substance of the reconciliation effort,” Mattis said.
Brigadier General Michael Fenzel, planning director for Nato’s mission in Afghanistan, said he had seen plenty of signals that some among the Taliban were willing to negotiate.
“In each one of our areas, there are groups of 10 and 20 that are coming in, not wanting to be a part of the Taliban any longer,” Fenzel told reporters.
US looking to victory in Afghanistan
Thanks to the political process, Mattis said America was now looking towards victory in Afghanistan after more than 16 years of conflict.
“What does that victory look like? It’s a country whose own people and their own security forces handle law enforcement and any threats ... certainly with international support for some years to come,” he said.
The US has renewed its focus on Afghanistan after years of drawdowns under former president Barack Obama and talk by top US generals of “not winning” and of a “stalemate” in the seemingly intractable conflict.
“It’s all working to achieve a political reconciliation, not a military victory,” Mattis said.
“The victory will be a political reconciliation.” As part of the so-called South Asia Strategy, President Donald Trump last year ordered the increased bombing of Taliban targets -- including drug-making labs and training camps.
Published in Dawn, March 14th, 2018
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