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Report notes that Afghanistan also seeks close ties with India because it wants access to India’s large and rapidly growing economy – “but without alarming Pakistan.”—Reuters/File
Report notes that Afghanistan also seeks close ties with India because it wants access to India’s large and rapidly growing economy – “but without alarming Pakistan.”—Reuters/File

WASHINGTON: India’s goals in Afghanistan are to deny Pakistan strategic depth and the ability to block India from trade and other connections to Central Asia and beyond, says US congressional report.

The report by the Congressional Research Service also notes that US-Pakistan relations, which deteriorated after the 2011 Abbottabad raid, had since “improved somewhat.”

The report on Afghanistan, which is prepared as research and reference material for US lawmakers, includes a brief description of India’s Afghan policies.

It notes that India also wants to prevent militants in Afghanistan from attacking Indian targets in Afghanistan.

While India wants to prevent Pakistan from regaining “preponderant” influence in present day Afghanistan, “it does not want to be saddled with the burden of helping secure Afghanistan” after the US departure, the report adds.

The report points out that India saw the Afghan Taliban’s hosting of Al Qaeda during 1996-2001 as a major threat because of Al Qaeda’s association with Pakistani groups fighting in Kashmir.

The report claims that some of these groups had committed major acts of terrorism in India, including the terrorist attacks in Mumbai in November 2008 and in July 2011.

It notes that Afghanistan also seeks close ties with India because it wants access to India’s large and rapidly growing economy – “but without alarming Pakistan.”

The report shows how US and India have shared interests in Afghanistan. In May 2011, India and Afghanistan announced a Strategic Partnership agreement that “demonstrated India’s support for US efforts to better integrate Afghanistan into regional political, economic, and security structures,” the report adds.

But the report also points out that when on Oct 5, 2011, former Afghan President Hamid Karzai signed the pact in New Delhi, “it affirmed Pakistani fears by giving India, for the first time, a formal role in Afghan security.” Under this agreement, India will train 600 Afghan military personnel every year.

After the May 2013 border clashes with Pakistan, President Karzai visited India twice to buy Indian artillery, aircraft, and other systems to better defend its border with Pakistan.

India reportedly “resisted the request in order not to become ever more directly involved in the conflict in Afghanistan or alarm Pakistan,” the report adds.

President Ashraf Ghani, however, has cancelled that request, “apparently to avoid complicating his outreach to Pakistan.”

In April 2015, President Ghani visited India to engage directly with the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Also read: New Delhi rendezvous: Ghani reassures India over relationship


Comments (150) Closed



max Nov 04, 2015 10:32am

So all human rights issues and else is to cover up the hidden agendas

Naveed Nov 04, 2015 10:35am

This is in the interest of all to let commerce and trade flourish in the region. This will bring a solid long term guarantee for peace. Both Pakistan and India have the same interests but don't recognize it.

Xinyang Peng, Shenzen Nov 04, 2015 10:42am

India and Afghanistan should have strong relations, trade and cooperation. No other country can decide how their relation should be.

sandeep Nov 04, 2015 10:42am

India was the only South Asian country to recognise Soviet backed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan in 1980s.The cordiality was less pronounced in 1990s (during the Afghan Civil War) and during the Taliban government, which India eventually aided to overthrow 21st century has seen India as Afghanistan's largest regional provider of humanitarian and reconstruction aid(US$ 650 million to 750 million).

Naveed Nov 04, 2015 10:48am

@sandeep The should also take responsibility for their safety then.

Dr.Arshad Nov 04, 2015 10:53am

Pakistan doesn't need any strategic depth anymore.On the contrary Pakistan needs stable,mature and good neighbours.

Kiani Nov 04, 2015 10:58am

Pak should join hands with India. She is the emerging power in South Asia and ME region. This will end lots of troubles as well.

Younus Ali (BD) Nov 04, 2015 10:59am

India Support USSA when Invade Afganistan.

Sudhanshu Swami Nov 04, 2015 11:00am

There should be brotherly relations and development. Strategic relations, strategic assets dont last longer.

sandeep Nov 04, 2015 11:02am

India's image in Afghanistan is good and Afghanistan considers India to be a friend and brother (as said by Afghan Foreign Ministry after 2008 Indian Embassy attack in Kabul). You can get a good idea of the perception Afghanistan has about India by looking at the result of 2010's Gallup survey which states that 75% of Afghans prefer India's leadership over America's (50% Afghans want America out of Afghanistan). The reason behind this is that India do not try to control Afghanistan, it genuinely wants to help and maintain a good relationship with them. Even though India's economical aid to Afghanistan is very less than the American aid, Afghans feel more benefited by India's contribution than that of USA. That is because India focuses more on providing solutions to the problem faced by a normal citizen. They do not try to interfere in the internal matters. They have made canals, hospitals, academic institutes and plenty other things in Afghanistan.

sandeep Nov 04, 2015 11:11am

Thousands of Afghan students study in India, and Afghanistan is the largest recipient of scholarships provided by Indian Council for Cultural Relations. Given the presence of Western troops in Afghanistan, Western publics understandably view Afghanistan through a military prism. India has a different historical conception of Afghanistan. Along with current military presence in Afghanistan, for the West Afghanistan is often contextualized through various Anglo-Afghan wars of the 19th and early 20th centuries, along with Soviet invasion of 1979–89. As Western military presence nears an end, this ‘graveyard of empires’ narrative is becoming louder India, however, comprised large parts of present-day Afghanistan for the Mughal period from the 16th to the early 19th century. At its end Mughal Empire was confined to Shahjahanabad (present-day Old Delhi) Consequently there is some sense of a shared history and perhaps a more prevalent sense that Afghanistan is not intrinsically ungovernable

sandeep Nov 04, 2015 11:27am

@Naveed please read my next two comments with earlier comment and then u will get clear picture what i am trying to saying

kashif Nov 04, 2015 11:35am

we must allow Afghanis to live their lives,without any interference,that would be human approach.

Realist Nov 04, 2015 11:49am

It doesn't matter what India, US, Pakistan or anyone else wants. What matters is what Taliban are ready to give and to whom. They control things in that part of the world.

rich Nov 04, 2015 11:59am

well its out in the open, india needs Afghanistan for trade route to central asia, and not to destabalise pakistn

hope Pakistan will reciprocate the same

Reality Nov 04, 2015 12:02pm

Afghan Taliban are the sons of the Afghan soil who have shunted out every aggressor from their land. What new experiment is being done by US, India and Northern alliance for change of centuries old lessons of history?

Reality Nov 04, 2015 12:06pm

@Xinyang Peng, Shenzen ....Absolutely true and they should also have their own jumping boards for the purpose instead of borrowing them from Pakistan without thanks.

chachajee Nov 04, 2015 12:11pm

@rich .....The truth is well known to all but is being uncovered at a very slow pace with somewhat helplessness. The history and hope does not support anything fruitful coming up soon.

George Nov 04, 2015 12:13pm

@Xinyang Peng, Shenzen Agree BUT not at the cost of harming a third party! Also why does India have to have 15 consulates in a small country like Afghanistan and also why so close to the Pakistan Afghanistan border? Go figure it yourself!

Frankenstein Nov 04, 2015 12:21pm

As far as India is concerned with Afghanistan they only want trade and other financial benefits they are not much concerned with security situation and trade will flourish only when there will be peace and stability. On the other hand Afghanistan should keep one thing in mind that it has a huge border with Pakistan and she should have amicable relations with Pakistan. I am of the same opinion when it comes to Iran its our neighbors which are important reaching out to those who are not directly bothered by Afghanistan will be a mistake

uday Nov 04, 2015 12:22pm

@George you are wrong. Only 4 consulates. http://eoi.gov.in/kabul/?0208?cn0

PinDrop Nov 04, 2015 12:22pm

@sandeep Can you please also tell how many Afghans India gave asylum to after 1979 Soviet invasion ?

M.Saeed Nov 04, 2015 12:26pm

@sandeep : History proves, Afghanistan is nobody's friend.

Lesson Nov 04, 2015 12:26pm

@rich ...... You don't get stung from the same hole twice. Important for Indians to remember for future and keep the hopes alive, maybe a miracle takes place. Myopic characteristics lead you to no where. Losers are never the great leaders.

Suresh Nov 04, 2015 12:37pm

@George, And why do you think the US has allowed India to have 15 Consulates?? Go figure it yourself!

rejoice Nov 04, 2015 12:41pm

Unless terrorism completely vanishes in Afghanistan, nothing good will happen. In Afghanistan, security and peace are the key to flourish the economy. It is high time to engage Taliban and other religious factions to form an integral strategic situation in Afghanistan. Pakistan can play an important role as it did in the past to establish dialogue between Afghanistan and Taliban to reconstruct tarnished country. If Mullah Omer had not been killed by US, today situation in Afghanistan would have been different. Pakistan has all the sources and capable of accommodating all the needs of Afghanistan without the involvement of India.

Taher Nov 04, 2015 12:50pm

All Indians want see a prosperous Pakistan. Most Indians and Pakistanis want to live in peace. The biggest hurdle to peace is people who have vested interest. If the relation becomes normal between Pakistan and India please understand whose role will be undermined. The vested parties therefore would like to keep the conflict on fire always. People power should speak. People from both countries should wake up and stop this. Billions of Dollars which is spent on miltary equipments can go needy children of both Pakistan and India.

George Nov 04, 2015 12:51pm

@sandeep India WANTs to have influence over Afghanistan for obvious reasons!

George Nov 04, 2015 12:53pm

@sandeep Genuinely? Are ya sure?

Gurjeet Brar Tohada Parona Nov 04, 2015 12:55pm

@Younus Ali (BD) USSA??

Nagendraharay Nov 04, 2015 12:56pm

Dont see anything wrong in this strategy from Indian side - i.e. relationship is purely commerce driven. Competition for development will enrich ALL the involved parties and those who have (or are creating) issues are destined to be isolated and wither away in oblivion. Keep going India and ignore the timewasting in-betweeners.

zash Nov 04, 2015 01:00pm

has any body even read the article before commenting this article states only interest of india is countering Pakistan influence there it states india does not want to saddle the burden of helping secure Afghanistan ....to any sane person this explains all india was never and never will be interested in peace of Afghanistan

Muhammad Khan Nov 04, 2015 01:04pm

India is trying to complicate international matters by by gaining presence in Afghanistan to just pressurize Pakistan economically and from war point of view without taking into consideration the cultural and religious ties which exist between the masses of Pakistan and Afghanistan. India should realize importance of Pakistan and should work in collaboration with Pakistan in order to maximize benefits and minimize losses for all stakeholders especially Afghans. Developing strategies to achieve expansion objectives by countering Pakistani interests will always be devastating.

Rashid Nov 04, 2015 01:06pm

India should also share the burden of more than 3 millon Afghan refugees residing in Pakistan over the last 35 years

Bharat Nov 04, 2015 01:08pm

It is extremely easy to lose trust . It is very hard to get it back again

PinDrop Nov 04, 2015 01:10pm

@uday four consulates in afghanistan wow.. Indian must be doing some serious business , sorry I mean some secret business there

From_Bangalore Nov 04, 2015 01:15pm

SANDEEP said:

Thousands of Afghan students study in India,

According to a person I know who works in foreign registration office in Bangalore, a very large number of Iranian students study in Bangalore (mostly engineering, but other areas too). This definitely goes a long way in improving people to people contact between Iran and India.

raja Nov 04, 2015 01:15pm

@PinDrop asylum is given once the people who seek asylum arrive in the country where they seek asylum. Can you tell me how many afghan arrived in india to seek asylum?

rehan Nov 04, 2015 01:15pm

@Suresh The question is , why India needs to have so many "consulates" in Afghanistan ?

rehan Nov 04, 2015 01:15pm

@sandeep So why not help re-build Afghanistan ?

Alex Nov 04, 2015 01:17pm

Without Pakistan's agreement India will never get access to Afghanistan or Central Asia. This is a fact of life.

rehan Nov 04, 2015 01:19pm

Indians here seriously want us to believe that India actually wants a stable, prosperous Afghanistan with no issues at all !

Bitter truth Nov 04, 2015 01:23pm

Here we go again. Cry me a river

Ajamal Nov 04, 2015 01:25pm

More than any other country, Pakistan has suffered due to Afghan war starting with Soviet occupation in 1979 and hosting over 3 million refugees for almost 4 decades. Pakistan and Afghanistan have long shared border and tribes and families living on the both sides and moving freely. Pakistan strategic interest in Afghanistan is beyond trade ties or politics.

Atam Vetta Nov 04, 2015 01:31pm

I have said numerous times that US Think Tanks and Researchers do not really understand the real forces that determine the fate and future of countries in the Middle East and South Asia. This, indeed, is the reason why the USA & NATO have failed so miserably despite loosing thousands of soldiers and spending $Billions. In Af, for example, Iran is the real player. Historically, Af and even North India was under her influence (Indeed, the first foreign language I learnt in a pre-partition Punjab school was Farsi). Today, Iran and Russia brought India back into Af. After the USA leaves at end of 2016, the real struggle for influence on Af will be between Iran and Pak. Of course, India will support Iran because she has no choice being dependent on Iran for oil, gas and access to Af.

Naveed khan Nov 04, 2015 01:35pm

So far Afghanistan had proved to be a trouble, so we will welcome the Indian to help them and have influence the please

Ron Nov 04, 2015 01:39pm

@PinDrop PAK also have 5 consulates so what secret work is done by PAK? Every country has minimum of 2-3 consulates in other country so what is wrong there?

Naxalite Nov 04, 2015 01:41pm

India can do whatever she wants on external soils but should pay attention first to rising internal threats and specially the looming intolerance threat.

rehan Nov 04, 2015 01:54pm

@uday Sure . Let's trust "official" Indian websites about that !

jit Nov 04, 2015 01:57pm

@George - Where is the doubt .. Sir ? India like any other nation wants to increase its trade and strategic relationships.. for that we are doing so much in Af and Iran

Dove Nov 04, 2015 02:12pm

If India needs access to central Asia then they should use Iran route. India already has cordial relationship with Iran and can bypass Pakistan!

Comments Nov 04, 2015 02:13pm

India don't want to see one more Khandhar Plane Hijack 1999

Azmeen Nov 04, 2015 02:16pm

Dirty regional/international politics keeping people of the region poor who are deprived of basic amenities of life.

Confused Nov 04, 2015 02:21pm

Big trouble brewing in a little paradise.

Gunmaster Nov 04, 2015 02:25pm

@George What is proof for your claim,Is India having 15 consulates in Afghanistan?

Tahir Nov 04, 2015 02:29pm

Pakistan should silently start focusing on strengthening our western borders with Afghanistan. Furthermore, Pakistan can offer Afghanistan access to Gawadar Port for trade purposes on certain conditions pertaining to Pakistan security. Afghanistan, needs Pakistan for trade and Investment, India cannot sustain long-term investment in Afghanistan.

SOL Nov 04, 2015 02:39pm

The Indians are troublemakers and are trying to look for a fight. I don't think they are serious in Afghanistan at all. They are not willing to get on the ground in Afghanistan, so there's really not much hope for them.

cmh Nov 04, 2015 02:42pm

And still Nawaz government is donating wheat to Afghanistan which has never lost any opportunity to damage Pakistani interests

Adnan Khan Nov 04, 2015 02:51pm

When foreign occupation of Afghanistan ends, the puppets will then run away, as Talibans will again rule Afghanistan.

Then, those indians proxies, who fail to run away, will be hunted

Indians have no business being in Afghanistan.

Brahmdagh Nov 04, 2015 02:53pm

Pakistan and Afghanistan are natural brothers and friends. Or at least they should have been.

But both have been treating each other very badly. Afghans have been trying to eat western parts of pakistan since pakistan's independence. And naturally Pakistan wants to keep Afghanistan unable to do any such thing. I hope we both can become brothers. When paks sit in their drawing rooms and they talk about afghanistan, we have a positive tone. But when so called "indians"(who have nothing to do with indus), talk about Afghanistan, they see a historic enemy.

Shaukat Ali Khan Nov 04, 2015 03:09pm

Afghan puppet regimes can never be trusted.

Jalbani Baloch Nov 04, 2015 03:10pm

India should learn a lesson from history, even USSR (now Russia) and USA could not overlook or underestimate the strategic importance of Pakistan in terms of maintaining durable peace and stability and sustaining long term development in Afghanistan. Apart from political necessity, Afghanistan and Pakistan share a strong history of ethnic, cultural, and social bonding, and it is really unthinkable to creates distances between the two nations. Therefore, if India wants to strengthen its ties economic relationship with Afghanistan, it must keep away from any misdemeanor or misadventure that aims at curtailing the role of Pakistan in promoting peace and tranquility in Afghanistan.

Faizan Aslam Nov 04, 2015 03:15pm

@sandeep the number of Afghan refugees in Pakistan is far more than any other country can accommodate.i agree that numbers does not matter but still i feel proud that i have never seen any discrimination done to them by our people.

Capt C M Khan Nov 04, 2015 03:34pm

India CANNOT achieve what it wants in Afghanistan before wanting the same with Pakistan. Full Stop. The Quicker Indian think tanks understand this the better is for all three countries otherwise this Cat and Mouse game will continue for decades. India is the big brother a future ECONOMIC POWER it has to change it's policy.

FMALIK Nov 04, 2015 03:37pm

Pakistan and India should not make Afghanistan battleground. They should focus on trade and economic development.

haris Nov 04, 2015 03:39pm

@sandeep You talk about thousands of Afghan students studying in India.. hmm.. perhaps you don't know there are millions of Afghan living inside Pakistan for decades. They have studied here, got jobs, build families and many of them have now become citizens. Moreover, Pakistan has provided more aid to Afghanistan than any other Asian country including India.

Mustafa Nov 04, 2015 03:42pm

@sandeep;

Most of India's 'aid' in Afghanistan was to aid terrorism in Pakistan, India's game in Afghanistan and Pakistan is up. India has no sense of history, for a second time in 30 years, they picked the losing side in Afghanistan.

M.Saeed Nov 04, 2015 03:43pm

@jit : Do it by all good means. But, sabotage of Pakistani efforts for it would not get India anywhere.

Mustafa Nov 04, 2015 03:47pm

@sandeep;

'Gallup survey which states that 75% of Afghans prefer India's leadership over America's'

So what?? The question is do they want to be a part of Muslim block or a Modi block??

Mustafa Nov 04, 2015 03:54pm

@sandeep;

Whatever cultural, historic, religious, racial and linguistic relations you have with Afghanistan, Pakistan has more of it.

Mustafa Nov 04, 2015 03:58pm

@sandeep;

'India was the only South Asian country to recognise Soviet backed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan in 1980s.'

Only a Baniya is sly enough to back both Soviet and NATO occupation of Afghanistan, but a lack of historic perspective and a hate of Pakistan made them choose the losing side in both wars.

Hussain USA Nov 04, 2015 03:58pm

Time to send millions of ungrateful Afghan refugees to India from Pakistan. India can build all the relations with them. Pakistan will actually be grateful.

Mustafa Nov 04, 2015 04:01pm

@rich;

You need to look at a map, there is no trade route to Central Asia or Afghanistan that does not go over Pakistan.

Mustafa Nov 04, 2015 04:06pm

@M.Saeed;

'History proves, Afghanistan is nobody's friend.'

Wrong!!! History proves Afghanistan is nobody's slave.

Mustafa Nov 04, 2015 04:09pm

India would like a strategic depth everywhere in the world. They saw an opportunity in Afghanistan, which is now gone. I really don't see the point of this congressional report.

Shyam Kokku Nov 04, 2015 04:17pm

What's wrong if Afghanistan and India want to be close partners in trade and security? Culturally the two countries have a long heritage which still exists!

SHAHID MAHMOOD Nov 04, 2015 04:21pm

@Xinyang Peng, Shenzen They can have strong relations , fine. But dont undermine Pakistans Security.

Shakil Nov 04, 2015 04:27pm

bottom line India want to have double front war with Pakistan from East and Western borders and try to dissect Pakistan once more! This will remain a pipe dream. If India wants to install a government in Afghanistan that is hostile to Pakistan, this can and has created headache for Pakistan.

Iftikhar Husain Nov 04, 2015 04:39pm

With what is happening in India against Muslims Afghanistan must think twice to have anything to do with India. India is using Afghanitan against Pakistan.

Sher Khan Nov 04, 2015 04:55pm

India is very keen to help Afghanistan and love the people of Afghanistan, then Indiia must take Afghan refugees also.

there there Nov 04, 2015 04:59pm

@Adnan Khan Then Indians can say Pakistan has no business dealing with any other country. Two sovereign countries want to do something then its their business, how can a third party dictate terms there?

Gfellow Nov 04, 2015 05:09pm

@Gunmaster I thought there were 30 or may be 45. Who knows. It is just numbers people like to throw to make an unnecessary argument.

Taimoor Khan Nov 04, 2015 05:13pm

India, on it own cannot have any standing in Afghanistan, it is the quiet and behind the closed door blessing of America and western powers that it has got the foothold in western flanks of Pakistan. Had India been so influential, it wouldnt have been restricted to Panjgur Valley during the reign of Taliban back in 90s. Americans, need to stop playing these silly and deceptive games, its their blessing and nod which enabled India inroads into Afghanistan.

M. Siddique Nov 04, 2015 05:14pm

India knows better that involvement in Afghanistan could be its worst nightmare. Also, India cannot have cake and eat it too. You cannot play cards if you don't have trump card.

expat Nov 04, 2015 05:18pm

@sandeep fair enough, India is the favorite in Afghans' eyes. However, their country will not progress unless someone within the country has the will to do it. It is a tribal society and they are still living in 18th century. They like to fight and they are in that state for ages. You may blame Pakistan or US but the fact remains, largest concentration of Afghan refugees live in Pakistan and they are living there for 3 decades. Instead of being thankful, Afghan hate Pakistan tells me a lot about the mindset of Afghanis.

Kandhkoti Nov 04, 2015 05:18pm

The current Afghan government that mainly consists of Northern coalition is neither ready to induct Talibans into government affairs nor does it want to engage itself with Talibans in talks. USA wants to keep its presence in Afghanistan at any cost while India also does not want to close its consulates in Afghanistan. All these indicators predict a civil war in Afghanistan in days to come which will eventually split Afghanistan into two independent sates and perhaps this is the hidden agenda of vested interests in Afghanistan.

Taimoor Khan Nov 04, 2015 05:20pm

The irony is, that while India trying its best in Afghanistan, it is losing its own strategic depth in its tiny neighbors like Nepal and Maldives. Sri Lanka look upon India with suspicion and its only matter of time when Hassina of Bangladesh bit the dust.

Tech GS Nov 04, 2015 05:37pm

@Sher Khan . You are correct. Humanity always first. If refugees are burdening Pakistan, India should and must help Pakistan or accept refugees. No one can deny this.

Farhan Nov 04, 2015 05:53pm

America do not see a role for Pakistan in Afganistan once it leaves. Our strategic blunder was we recognized Taliban and supported it against Afghan govt which alienated Afghanistan. Today Afghanistan do not treat us as friend and look towards India and Iran as natural partners. We created our enemy on western border and weakened our future.

Taimoor Khan Nov 04, 2015 05:58pm

@Farhan Iran has been doing worst in Syria where its standing behind a tyrant against the majority of the Syrian population. Get out of this stupid notions about Pakistan and start appreciating that when national interests are at stake, what needs to be done, must be done.

Zak Nov 04, 2015 06:03pm

@Kiani India should hold UN supervised plebiscite in Indian occupied kashmir and get on Pakistans good side to be able to get benefits of CPEC. Pakistan is a south asian regional power and its influence is increasing in Middle East and Central Asia. India and indians would benefit.

Zak Nov 04, 2015 06:08pm

@sandeep understand, a ministry spokesman does not speak for the Afghan people. The fraternity between Afghan's and Pakistani's is historical, cultural and religious. India is a convenience, Pakistan is a necessity. Pakistan has ensured, India is out of Afghanistan and has brought in China to replace US.

Zak Nov 04, 2015 06:17pm

@sandeep also remember, parts of Awadh and Delhi sultanate would have historical Afghan linkages but Tamil, Bihar, Bengal, Goa etc have nothing to do with Afghanistan.

AhmadJ Nov 04, 2015 06:17pm

The real danger to Pakistan's interest is from Chabahar port which will provide direct route to Afghanistan bypassing Pakistan. It will negate Pakistan's biggest strategic asset, its geographic location.

Lesson Nov 04, 2015 06:43pm

@AhmadJ .....Chabahar port is next Russian naval base and Indians need not to worry about it. In any case Taliban do not allow any movements from Chabahar into Afghanistan since 2008. Bottom line is that without Pakistan's okay India must forget any movement into Afghanistan and Central Asia. Any sneaking attempts through Iran will be stopped with growing China Iran relations.

Waseem Nov 04, 2015 06:43pm

@sandeep Soviet backed ?? or Soviet Puppet? Karmal was appointed president when even he was not in Afghanistan, and the first action was to kill sitting president of Afghanistan India and Afghanistan has nothing in common except their shared hatred for Pakistan.

Zak Nov 04, 2015 06:47pm

Pakistan terrorism dosier of indian involvement , given to US has ,succeded. US is now focusing heavily on Indian mischief in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The indian exporting terrorism showed how india was using Afghanistan to destabilize Afghanistan and Pakistan. India now under US focus for first time.

Waseem Nov 04, 2015 06:47pm

@sandeep Dear friend, first correct your history Afghans and Mughals have been foes most part of the history, and Delhi for most of the Afghans, in those times was equivalent of London in 1900 start years for Indians;

s.khan Nov 04, 2015 07:19pm

The report makes it clear that India's objective in Afghanistan is to minimize pakistan's influence there. Whatever aid India has provided is not altruistic as Indian comments here imply but a tool to achieve the objective of keeping Pakistan out. Anyway, USA is dreaming that India can integrate Afghanistan into the regional economic and political structure presided over by India. if anything, China will outdo India there as it has everywhere.Whatever influence will have depend on the role of Pakistan.

syed abbas Nov 04, 2015 07:24pm

India and Afghanistan are there to be ignored ....build a wall Mr.Sharif

FF Nov 04, 2015 07:26pm

I think India is caught in a time warp! Pakistan abandoned this notion of strategic depth years ago. Being the largest country in the region, if India were to abandon its jingoism and notion of regional hegemony and resolve issues with neighbours through dialogue based on equality much can be achieved in a very short period of time.

raj Nov 04, 2015 07:47pm

India is supplying 4 Mi-35's to Afghanistan. Good that now India will supply military hardware also.

amit Nov 04, 2015 07:53pm

@George That is no one else's business but that of India and Afghanistan. Pakistan can have more representation in Afghanistan then India if fine between the two countries, I promise India will not object. In short no one has right to impose their will on others.

indyan Nov 04, 2015 08:20pm

@Naxalite The 'intolerance' threat is just the mainstream media creation and it will die down after Bihar elections.

Ijaz Nov 04, 2015 08:29pm

India foreign policy makers are living in a fantacy world to make friendship with afghnistan at the cost of pakistan will never succeded we millions of Pakhtunes of Pakistan are the defenders of pakistan forget about 18th and 19th century afghanistan .

Zak Nov 04, 2015 09:08pm

@Capt C M Khan india is neither a big brother or a future power. It is a union of different countries , like Sikh, Tamil, Bengali all confined forcibly in one boundary. India to stay intact must resolve kashmir and befriend pakistan.

Mohmmad Saleem Nov 04, 2015 09:09pm

For all intents and purposes, India is Afghanistan's time-tested traditional friend helping Afghans and having no proxies to create national security challenges to Afghanistan. Friendship between the two countries is not against any third country in the region.

anony Nov 04, 2015 09:30pm

India can never be close to Afghanistan, as Pakistan and Afghanistan share a strong bond of religion and families, whereas india is quickly moving towards hindu extremism.

Proust Nov 04, 2015 10:11pm

Great game being played in the region by India and aided by US.India is still living in 90's when it's come to perception about Pakistan. They need to move on, like Pakistan has left behind the idea of strategic depth, if they don't want to create any trouble in the region. Not to accept new realities shows stubborn attitude, which would be detrimental not only for the region but for India also.

John Cool Nov 04, 2015 10:14pm

@Taher All Indians want see a prosperous Pakistan. Most Indians and Pakistanis want to live in peace. The biggest hurdle to peace is people who have vested interest. If the relation becomes normal between Pakistan and India please understand whose role will be undermined. The vested parties therefore would like to keep the conflict on fire always. People power should speak. People from both countries should wake up and stop this. Billions of Dollars which is spent on miltary equipments can go needy children of both Pakistan and India.

Very well said bro.

Nasir Nov 04, 2015 10:50pm

In my opinion the crux of this article is that India wants to promote it's strategic interest at the expense of American lives and money in Afghanistan.

As usual the brainless and corrupt US congressman will ignore American interest sand give into intense Indian lobying.

Sam Nov 04, 2015 10:53pm

@Mustafa The real question is that are Afghans looking it from Muslim versus Hindu block perspective? Or as a choice between development / prosperity and backward / poor?

Abdul Latif Nov 04, 2015 11:01pm

India is exporting intolerance to neighbouring countries.

shiraz Nov 04, 2015 11:08pm

India's wishful thinking....

Mustafa Nov 04, 2015 11:49pm

@Sam;

' are Afghans looking it from Muslim versus Hindu block perspective? Or as a choice between development / prosperity and backward / poor?'

So what 'development / prosperity' do you see in Bangladesh? they are lackey of both West and India and have been for 44 years. Should Afghans draw their developmental inspiration from Turkey with a percapita GDP of $19000 or India with a percapita GDP of $6000?

Mustafa Nov 05, 2015 12:01am

@John Cool;

'Most Indians and Pakistanis want to live in peace.'

Everybody hates war but many love what war provides; wealth, territory, prestige, power and a Brahmin position in the caste system of nations.

Kaka Nov 05, 2015 12:19am

What India is doing with this tiny Nepal? Is she not working there for strategic depth? India is a big mess, messing up in Indian community as well as with neighbours.

Ghaznavi Nov 05, 2015 12:27am

@Xinyang Peng, Shenzen "India and Afghanistan should have strong relations, trade and cooperation. No other country can decide how their relation should be."

We in Pakistan really don't care about AF-India relations. The only thing that matters to us is the return of 3 million Afghan refugees.

Khwarezmi Nov 05, 2015 12:29am

Land and air route to Central Asia go through Pakistan already. Also, Pakistani Muslims share a world with Muslim states of Central Asia then Indian Hindus does. Also, the past centuries old relations between C.A. and India was when Muslim sultanates ruled these lands and to which the "Indian Muslim" state of Pakistan is the natural heritence to.

riggghtht Nov 05, 2015 02:13am

Deny it all! Who cares!? hahaha!

riggghtht Nov 05, 2015 02:14am

@Proust did you expect anything less from them? lol

riggghtht Nov 05, 2015 02:17am

@Mustafa You're only as strong as your weakest link.

riggghtht Nov 05, 2015 02:18am

@Nasir old news.

raj Nov 05, 2015 03:44am

After reading the article it does not indicate anywhere that india wants to harm pakistan but secure its business interests.

Hanif Nov 05, 2015 04:04am

If Pakistan , India and Afghans fight against the terrorism , South Asia will have some hopes of development. Its hard to come over our natural instincts behest of Jealousy and envy. For a change live and let live.

Afzal Nov 05, 2015 04:04am

@Realist It seems reasonably likely that Taleban , undefeated by world's strongest military power, will not settle for anything less than acquiring a full control of Afghanistan. India will keep away and avoid taking punga simply because once it triggers anger Taleban Will respond back ferociously.

Rational Nov 05, 2015 08:24am

India's efforts are futile as it can get some alliance with Kabul but not rest of the Afghanistan. Secondly, if India care so much about Afghanistan and humanitarian efforts in that country, Pakistan can help sending over few millions of refugees from Pakistan. @ Sundeep, how many first generation Afghanis have you met in India?

pk Nov 05, 2015 08:37am

@Taher Totally agree. Great comment.

pk Nov 05, 2015 08:40am

@rehan Indians are helping in rebuilding of Afghanistan.

jay Nov 05, 2015 09:44am

Aghans should decide their own future. All others should leave them alone.

Dk Nov 05, 2015 10:58am

@George how many consulates does Pakistan have in Afghanistan?

ashok Nov 05, 2015 11:44am

@Xinyang Peng, Shenzen I agree.

ashok Nov 05, 2015 11:48am

@Kiani I agree and let us ask people of India and Pakistan in a reffrendum to vote for Kashmir's future. One big Poll which should be binding for both India & Pakistan.

Mohammad Fida Nov 05, 2015 03:05pm

In practical terms what is Nepal to India same is Afghanistan to Pakistan and the day Afghanistan govt recognize these basic equation in the region's political upbuilding She will find economic viability for own people and their future. The strategic depth is nothing but a fiction of geopolitics.Afghan's mountaineering is as attractive for armed exercises as Pakistan northern area for military test maneuvering with with K-2 the second highest peak that would enough for Pakistan. Basically strategic depth is nothing but a military fiction which term was initially used by Gen. Umar in zia's era and what he meant was to counter the expansion of the USSR in the region. In 1960's Pakistan Iran and Turkey had got RCD to what Afghanistan was invited but she failed due to the Soviets who caused Kabul huge losses. Kabul can lead its people into an economic boom and it is where Ashraf Ghani should choose between India and Pakistan on points for its own interests.

Eramanagalam Somapalan Nov 05, 2015 03:38pm

@Kiani That is the key, together we should prosper.

rehan Nov 05, 2015 07:18pm

@sandeep Pakistan is harboring 3 Million Afghans . How many "thousands" of Afghans India is supporting ?

Faisal Nov 05, 2015 07:31pm

Pakistan and Afghanistan should have strong relations, trade and cooperation. No other country should dictate how their relation should be.

NOOR. M. Nov 05, 2015 08:25pm

Pin Drop's point of view: You hit the nail in the HEAD. well done.

barakzai Nov 05, 2015 08:39pm

@sandeep Iran is Afghanistan's largest provider of aid in the region. Foolish Indian propaganda.

tellnolies Nov 05, 2015 09:55pm

The relationship is forged by the Afghanistan's needs of India.Nuclear Pakistan is a real danger for Afghanistan.Danger is also lurking from Chinese side on behesr of Pakistans behest.ones US leave, Afghanistan will be needed more India than otherway.

pc amin Nov 06, 2015 01:54am

@Jalbani Baloch

Afghanistan and Pakistan share a strong history of ethnic, cultural, and social bonding

and how about indian and pakistani? should not they be closer than even afagans and pakistani? culture, custom, language and food all same.

bob Nov 06, 2015 06:14am

I'm a bit confused -Didnt India support the Russians/PDPA government during the afghan russian conflict

I'm a bit confused didnt afghans at times rule indians with an iron fist

Best Friends what a joke

Moazam Malik Nov 06, 2015 08:58am

If India could play a +ve role inside Afghanistan for it's peace and stability then Pak must welcome it.Because we need a peaceful Afg for a peaceful Pak

Gp65 Nov 06, 2015 12:23pm

@PinDrop India's four consulates are in the exact same cities as Pakistan's consulates in Afghanistan are. Also these consulates exist since 1970/ v well before the Soviet invasion.

Gp65 Nov 06, 2015 12:26pm

@rehan "@Suresh The question is , why India needs to have so many "consulates" in Afghanistan ?"

So many? It has exactly 4 consulates - the same as Pakistan and in the very same cities. Oh and only 2 of these are close to Pakistan border. These consulates have existed since the 60/ because thousands of Afghan students come to India to study, many also come to India for medical treatment

Gp65 Nov 06, 2015 12:29pm

@rehan "@uday Sure . Let's trust "official" Indian websites about that" Ummm.. Indian consulates are official representative offices of government of India. It cannot be called n Indian consulate if it is not official.

Ajay Nov 06, 2015 05:37pm

As an Indian I want Pakistan to be prosperous and safe. I want India to be prosperous and safe. I wish the same for Afghanistan and all nations. Have a nice weekend you all.

Asad Nov 06, 2015 05:52pm

Pakistan should ask India in return not to indulge in terrorist activities in Pakistan. They should dismiss the RAW special unit of sabotaging the economic corridor. The region should lift itself economically as people in the region has suffered too much. Now economic war should start

Pakistani Nov 06, 2015 06:46pm

The moment the US withdraws the Kabul government will fall and all of India's investments will be lost.

Dos it make difference Nov 06, 2015 06:57pm

@Taher

Most sensible ans we are really wasting our time and energy in fighting and someone else is enjoying who are creating rift....