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ISLAMABAD: Successive governments not only failed to contain religious-based violence and amend the controversial blasphemy law, but many state functionaries were also involved in hate crime, a survey carried out by an Islamabad-based think tank showed.

The findings revealed that discrimination against minorities was connected with the overall inequality and government inattention, lack of effective protection accorded by the state against violence, intimidation and intolerance.

The survey, “Minority rights in Pakistan: historic neglect or state complicity?” conducted by the Pakistan Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) stated that the most common tool of persecution against non-Muslim communities and even the Muslims in many cases was the allegation of blasphemy.

The survey also covered the other forms of discrimination, including opportunities for seeking jobs. Around 73 per cent of the respondents belonging to non-Muslim minority communities in Sindh said they experienced discrimination due to their religious believes.

This was followed by 50 per cent of respondents in KP, 31 per cent in Balochistan and 29 per cent in Punjab.

When asked, “Do you think the government caters to your needs as much as it does to the followers of other religions, 92 per cent Sikh community members responded ‘Yes’, while 63 per cent of Christian respondents said ‘No’.


Survey says successive govts failed to contain religion-based violence


It was highlighted that faith-based violence, targeted killings, kidnapping for ransom and incitement to hatred were not confined to non-Muslims alone.

“Muslim sects mainly Shias, including the Hazaras in Balochistan, have become frequent targets of violence for their religious beliefs. State complicity is yet another factor which makes minority persecutions more rampant and left unpunished.”

The failure of the government to tighten protection mechanisms, both judicial and executive, and its use of political religion as a tool to oppress minority groups were also examined in the larger context of spreading extremist, anti-liberal propaganda and a peripheral weak civil society to counter the right-wing ideologies.

“When mob violence dictates court verdicts in cases of blasphemy and judges hearing arguments are threatened and killed, there is a severe need for protecting the accused and those defending them.”

The survey was conducted in 2014 with 327 respondents belonging to Christian, Hindu, Bahai and Sikh communities from the four provinces.

Most of the respondents, though deeply committed to their faith, were able to integrate and live peacefully with other religious groups, but felt threatened by the overall deteriorating security situation in the country.

The survey said extremist views were taking hold of the mainstream and were accorded encouragement by the state.

“It has been noted that a record number of blasphemy accusations have surfaced over the past years, with young children and handicapped individuals punished for their words and religion and those seeking to inflict inhumane harm against vulnerable, poor communities without influential, political support permitted to do so with impunity.”

It also referred to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) that 34 individuals were charged with blasphemy in 2013. Though no one has been executed for blasphemy in Pakistan, 16 people were on the death row and 20 were serving life sentences.

The survey said attempts had been made in the past to amend the blasphemy law but they were dropped fearing a backlash from the religious parties.

Violence, hate crime, murder, desecrating places of worship, verbal abuse and intimidation were regular occurrences for the Muslims and non-Muslims communities and this was the consequence of the intolerant extremist ideologies supported by the state.

The survey compared the situation of Dalit women in India, with the Hindu women in Sindh and said they were often kidnapped, forcible raped and converted to Islam despite demands from within the community and its leaders that the authorities must act to apprehend the oppressors.

“Such a crime, because it goes unpunished, is under-reported and the victims refuse to give statements for fear of their families being attacked.”

However, the survey stated that a majority of Pakistanis did not adhere to the extremist mindset and there was also a strong backing for inter-community associations that appeared to be functional for most minority groups in various parts of the country.

It was evident from the response to a question, “Do you participate freely in cultural and religious festivities along with the followers of other religions?” As many as 94 per cent Hindus, 76 per cent Christians, 96 per cent Sikhs and 90 per cent Bahais said ‘yes’.

Published in Dawn, October 4th , 2014


Comments (10) Closed



One Nation Oct 04, 2014 10:22am

The Blasphemy law has to go. There is no justification for this law in Islam.

Ahmed USA Oct 04, 2014 11:02am

In spite of so called surveys...Rights of minorities have special place in our religion and are to be protected at all cost...we have to make sure that they always feel comfortable and secure at home...at the same time they have obligation to be responsible citizen of Pakistan...

Sunil Oct 04, 2014 11:34am

And Pakistan is raising the rights of minorities issues in India.

Moiz Omar Oct 04, 2014 12:07pm

The State both actively allows persecution and discrimination, and takes part in it itself.

Mithlesh_chauhan@yahoo.com Oct 04, 2014 12:08pm

The Dawn Should be given Nobel Piece Prize in the world of media and information for giving such True and non partial reporting

Parvez Oct 04, 2014 12:14pm

When the State decided to openly use religion to further its political cause.......it chose to ride on the tigers back and now has no option but to hang on otherwise it gets eaten up.........which eventually it will.

hahaha Oct 04, 2014 12:25pm

When asked, “Do you think the government caters to your needs as much as it does to the followers of other religions, 92 per cent Sikh community members responded ‘Yes’, while 63 per cent of Christian respondents said ‘No’.


Meanwhile, no Hindus are left to even vote for that. :))

Ramesh Krishnan Oct 04, 2014 12:39pm

Blasphemy law should be abolished and a minority protection council with judicial powers should be constituted. Otherwise the religious minorities will continue to suffer.

Pradip Oct 04, 2014 12:59pm

I guess following a wrong religion in righteous country, one has to pay the price. The price includes safety, honour/dignity and many times; life as well.

Aurora Oct 04, 2014 09:03pm

Informatory article based on 327 persons ONLY. Why dissent is ignored. State of Pakistan has only 15 monutes to discuss the minority related problems if I remember rightly published in this paper.Real good people are fence sitters & Pak govt may ( may be not) do some lip service.Hard luck minorities .