A global icon of girls’ education

13 Sep 2014

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Malala Yousufzai.—AP
Malala Yousufzai.—AP

ISLAMABAD: Schoolgirl activist Malala Yousufzai’s courageous fightback from being shot by the Taliban has transformed her both into a symbol for human rights and a campaigner in global demand.

Few teenagers can say they have been nominated twice for the Nobel Peace Prize, or spent their 17th birthday lobbying Nigeria’s president to do more to free hundreds of girls kidnapped by militants.

But Malala is no ordinary teen.

She had already been in the public eye for years when a Taliban gunman boarded her school bus on Oct 9, 2012, asked “Who is Malala?”, and shot her in the head.

Her father Ziauddin, a school principal and himself a seasoned campaigner for education, helped propel the precociously talented girl from the Swat valley into the limelight.

At his encouragement, Malala started writing a blog for the BBC’s Urdu service under a pseudonym in 2009, aged just 11, about life under the Taliban in Swat, where they were banning girls’ education.

In 2007 the militants had taken over the area, which Malala affectionately called “My Swat”, and imposed a brutal, bloody rule.

Opponents were murdered, people were publicly flogged for supposed breaches of Sharia, women were banned from going to market and girls were stopped from going to school. Her blog, written anonymously with the clarity and frankness of a child, opened a window for Pakistan onto the miseries being perpetrated within its borders.

But it was only after the shooting in 2012, and Malala’s subsequent near-miraculous recovery in a British hospital, that she became a truly global figure.

Former British prime minister Gordon Brown, a UN special education envoy, visited her in hospital shortly afterwards and took up her cause with a petition which he presented to the Pakistani government.

She has since become something of an international star, a formidable and instantly recognisable force for rights.

She received a standing ovation in July last year for an address to the United Nations General Assembly in which she vowed she would never be silenced.

The teen went on later that year to win the European Union’s prestigious Sakharov human rights prize.

The 17-year-old has also published an autobiography and been invited to tea with Queen Elizabeth II, achieving a level of fame more like that of a movie star than an education campaigner.

In an interview in 2013 with CNN’s Christiane Amanpour at a sold-out public event in New York, Malala said she wanted to become prime minister of Pakistan to “save” her country.

Her autobiography ‘I am Malala’ reveals a more girlish side to the teenager — she is a fan of Canadian pop sensation Justin Bieber and the ‘Twilight’ series of vampire romance novels. But her activism has continued. During her 17th birthday earlier this year she was in Abuja, pushing president Goodluck Jonathan to meet the parents of hundreds of girls who had been kidnapped by the militant group Boko Haram.

Although she missed out on the Nobel Peace Prize in 2013, she has been nominated a second time this year.

Published in Dawn, September 13th, 2014