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Benazir Bhutto. — File photo

More than one intelligence team and agency has investigated the assassination in detail but not a single report or book has uncovered any substantial evidence about the perpetrators

Preliminary Investigation Report by JIT: The report of the first JIT set up by the then Musharraf-led caretaker set-up was revealed by the then spokesman for the interior minister Brig (retd) Javed Iqbal Cheema.

According to him, Benazir Bhutto died from a skull fracture caused by the impact with the lever of the sunroof of the car she was in. The pressure with which she hit the lever was caused by the bomb explosion that had taken place.

Brig Cheema also mentioned a medical report prepared by Principal of Rawalpindi Medical College (RMC) Dr Musaddaq Khan which too referred to the injury caused by the sunroof of the jeep. Earlier the doctor had claimed that Ms Bhutto died of a bullet injury.

The second major revelation by the brigadier was the audio recording of the intercepted telephone call by Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) chief Baitullah Mehsud in which he ostensibly discussed the assassination of Ms Bhutto.

Scotland Yard Report: The Scotland Yard’s report into the assassination of Ms Bhutto was released on Feb 8, 2008.

The four-page investigation report said Ms Bhutto died of a severe head injury sustained from the effect of the bomb blast.

However, in the same report, a UK Home Office Pathologist, Dr Nathaniel Cary, said that he was “unable categorically to exclude the possibility of there being a gunshot wound to the upper trunk or neck” of Ms Bhutto.

Significantly, the team from Britain’s investigation agency was only asked to determine the cause of death by the then government.

However, its conclusions were inconclusive in the absence of an autopsy report and the lack of forensic evidence from the site of the incident – the site was washed by powerful hoses within hours of the incident.

UN Commission Report: Issued on April 15, 2010, the UN Commission’s report did not reveal any explosive truths but it was a damning indictment of the then government, the Rawalpindi police and intelligence agencies.

It said that despite being aware of the threats to her life, the federal government under General Musharraf did little more than pass on information of the threats to Ms Bhutto and to provincial authorities.

It criticised the Rawalpindi district police’s actions and omissions such as its decision to hose down the crime scene and its failure to collect and preserve evidence.

The report added that the intelligence agencies and other government officials hampered investigations, pointing out that police officials, fearing intelligence agencies’ involvement, were unsure of how vigorously to pursue the investigations.The report said Ms Bhutto faced threats from a number of sources; including elements in the Pakistani establishment.

The commission also found PPP’s security arrangements inadequate.

Punjab Police Report provided to the UN Commission: This report said that 12 militants reached Rawalpindi a day before the assassination.

Four of the militants tasked to kill Ms Bhutto belonged to Darul Uloom Haqqania in Akora Khattak near Peshawar, which is run by Maulana Samiul Haq, the pro-Taliban Amir of one faction of JUI. Three of the 12 militants were killed; of the remaining nine, five were arrested by police.

This report considered the TTP the main culprit.

The article and book on the assassination: Owen Bennett-Jones, a journalist, has written an article titled Questions Concerning the Murder of Benazir Bhutto.

He has highlighted the links of the Pakistani security establishment to the militants in the tribal areas and discussed well-known militants such as Qari Saifullah Akhtar. The latter is accused of having attempted to overthrow the second government of Ms Bhutto and of carrying out the October 2007 bombing.

Jones has quoted PPP followers who allege that the assassination was a well-thought-out plan that involved state officials such as General Musharraf. He has also discussed conspiracy theories revolving around President Asif Zardari.

However, the evidence he cites is circumstantial at best.

Amir Mir, a Pakistan journalist, in his book “Bhutto Murder Trail: From Waziristan to GHQ” has also tried to explain the “symbiotic” relationship between the military establishment and the militants.

Whether or not General Musharraf had personally ordered the killing of the PPP leader, argues Mir, he knew that serious plans were afoot to kill her and he didn’t provide adequate security.

He absolves the present PPP leadership and says that President Zardari failed to make any headway in investigations into his wife’s killing because of the resistance of the military establishment.

Comments (12) Closed

Khalid Jan 01, 2013 09:01am
I thought Mr Rehman Malik said that on 27th Dec he will let the whole World know how She died. What happened? Was the statement was just to divert attention? or is he looking for point scoring
m h kayani Dec 27, 2012 09:56am
Simple, Zardari done it, there is no case to answer.
Circumbulator Dec 27, 2012 12:02pm
Look no further than who gets to benefit the most.
Tamilselvan Dec 28, 2012 01:27pm
Thank God India is not accused as normally done by Mr. Rehman Malik,Pakistan's foreign minister as he has been doing it on every shooting in Pakistan.
muzammil ullah khan Dec 27, 2012 01:56pm
I saw the interview of Mr Mumtaz Bhutto on one of the TV Channels and he did not mince his words . He named our honorable interior minister Rehman Malik and ex VIP of PPP Mr Awan (the fake PHD lawyer) as most likely plotters of the murder on the behest of a foreign power . If any thing Mr Mumtaz Bhutto is a straight talking man and honest . I will give a lot of credence to what he says . But I am sure no one would like to investigate in earnest because it suits every one to support the idea that Gen Musharraf planned it . This allegation suits every one . Nawaz wants revenge from Musharraf , PPP wants to divert attention from its culpability and the so called liberal Media would like to see Musharraf hounded . The real culprits are enjoying the fruits of her murder .
Yawar Dec 29, 2012 02:24am
As though the post mortem would have revealed the killer
Capt C M Khan Dec 27, 2012 11:01am
I had seen a video footage of a clean shaven guy firing a pistol at benazeer, why has that been omited by all Investiators??? If three Terrorists were from the Maderassa of Maulana Sami, why is he still allowed to carry on???
Malik Ahmad Dec 27, 2012 05:59pm
Throughout the developed world, any time one spouse dies in mysterious circumstance, the surviving spouse is the prime suspect. This is where all the criminal investigators in Europe and America would start their journey. How come this important thing was ignored in Pakistan? Not that I am alleging him, but why not to include him. If I correctly remember, he did not authorize the postmartem as a family matters. This is a laughable issue as he should not have anything in criminal investigation.
Pakistani Dec 27, 2012 06:18pm
Are you sure you don't work for the ISI?
Aqil Siddiq Dec 27, 2012 08:15pm
The whole world knows it as who is behind her killing. Instead of punishing him, we made him the "President Of Pakistan". What a shame. But don't worry Mr. Zardari, you will be punished for sure and soon. Jo Chup Rahey Gi Zaban e Khanjer...Lahoo Pukarey Ga Aasteen Ka. Aqil Siddiqi (Canada)
NHN Dec 27, 2012 09:56pm
Who killed Benazir, who killed Benazir's brother, who killed Hakim Saeed, who killed Liaqat Ali Khan and who killed thousands other innocents? The question has become irrelevant as killing continues and killers enjoy protection. This is a logical outcome because people of this unfortunate country hate each other.
Riaz Dec 27, 2012 10:06pm
In Pakistan, the killers are never found, Benazir, Zia and Liaquat Ali, no one has been brought to face the justice. Pakistan is a country where JUSTICE has long been replaced by JUST-US.