BAGHDAD, Jan 3: The US military took a step towards pulling combat troops from Iraqi cities on Saturday, moving out of a Baghdad base that Iraqi officials said would be dismantled and converted back into a shopping mall.

It was the first US military base to be handed over to Iraq since US forces came under Iraqi authority on Jan 1 in step with a new bilateral security pact.

The pact, which replaced a UN mandate, requires Iraqi authorisation for US military operations, gives US forces until mid-2009 to pull combat troops out of Iraq’s towns and cities, and until 2011 to withdraw completely.

Brigadier-General Robin Swan, deputy commander of US forces in Baghdad, said the handover of Forward Operating Base Callahan in northern Baghdad was “tremendously significant”. “By June 30th, combat formations are out of the cities. This was a major forward operating base, with 600 soldiers ... three short weeks ago,” he told Reuters.

US forces set up the base in March 2007 around an abandoned shopping centre, now decayed and riddled with bullet holes, in a bid to repel militias from the Adhamiya district. It has been quiet for months.

Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Pappal, who heads the base, handed a giant key to Hadi Jadoo, a trade ministry official, as Iraqi army snipers watched from the roof.

“After long suffering, we can now develop this area. We are rid of terrorists,” said Hadi Hassan, who will manage the mall.

The transfer of the base came two days after US forces handed over control of the Green Zone, a fortified swathe of central Baghdad, to Iraq in a step that reflects the narrowing of US operations and improving security across Iraq.

Swan said the base handover was the beginning of a wider pullout. A much larger base in nearby Rostumiya neighbourhood would be closed completely by the end of March, he said.

Similar Baghdad bases, like Loyalty and War Eagle, are to be reduced in size and turned into joint Iraq-US security stations soon, he added. “It’s all a re-adjustment of our footprint,” Swan said.

How many US troops will remain at joint urban bases after June is still unclear, especially as US military commanders race to ensure Iraq’s maturing army is ready to hold together a fragile calm.—Reuters

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