WARSAW: No decision on supplying Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine was reached at a meeting of allies in Germany, Poland’s defence minister said on Friday, though he remained optimistic that efforts to provide them would end in success.

“Hope comes from the fact that...defence ministers of 15 countries met on the sidelines of today’s conference and we talked about this topic,” Mariusz Blaszczak told reporters at the US-run Ramstein air base.

“I am convinced that coalition building will end in success. We must do everything to help Ukraine so that the war does not spill over to Nato territory,” Blaszczak said.

On the other hand, Poland’s deputy defence minister said Warsaw could provide Kyiv with Leopard 2 tanks even without Berlin’s re-export approval.

German Defence Minister Boris Pistorius denied Berlin was unilaterally blocking the shipment of Leopard battle tanks to Ukraine, but said the government was ready to move quickly on sending them if there was consensus among allies.

Speaking to reporters after the Ramstein meeting, Pistorius denied Berlin was the sole holdout after Poland and other countries said they were waiting for Germany to lift its veto.

“There are good reasons for the (tank) deliveries and there are good reasons against, and in view of the entire situation of a war that has been ongoing for almost one year, all pros and cons must be weighed very carefully,” he said, without elaborating on the reasons.

“The impression that has occasionally arisen, that there is a closed coalition and Germany was standing in the way, this impression is wrong.”

Pressure has been building on Berlin to provide tanks to Kyiv that Ukraine sees as key in the war against Russia.

US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin earlier urged allies to dig deeper to support Ukraine, without making specific reference to tanks.

“Russia is regrouping, recruiting, and trying to re-equip,” he said at the start of the meeting. “This is not a moment to slow down. It’s a time to dig deeper. The Ukrainian people are watching us.”

Nato and defence leaders from roughly 50 countries met at Ramstein air base, the latest in a series of arms-pledging conferences since Russia invaded Ukraine 11 months ago.

Germany has become one of Ukraine’s top military supporters in response to Russia’s invasion, overcoming a taboo rooted in its bloody 20th century history, but it has not yet agreed to send tanks or allow other countries to send their own German-made tanks.

Scholz’s government is wary of taking steps that could be considered to make it a party to the conflict with Russia, sources have said.

Leopard tanks are seen as especially suitable for Ukraine as they are widely in use, meaning several countries could each chip in some of their tanks to support Ukraine.

Pressure on Berlin

Critics say German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and his ruling SPD are too slow, waiting for allies to act first instead of assuming Germany’s responsibility as the Western power closest to Ukraine.

Public pressure has been building on Berlin.

“Ukrainians will fight! With tanks or without. But every tank from Ramstein means saved Ukrainian lives,” Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Iryna Vereshchuk wrote on Telegram.

Poland’s Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki on Thursday said he was “moderately sceptical” of Germany approving the tanks for Ukraine because “the Germans are defending themselves against this like a devil protects himself against holy water”.

Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba in September had accused Germany of ignoring Kyiv’s pleas for Leopard tanks, saying Berlin offered only “abstract fears and excuses” for not providing such military hardware.

Government sources in Germany have said it would move on the Leopard tanks issue if the United States agreed to send Abrams tanks to Ukraine, though a government spokesperson on Friday publicly contradicted that view.

The United States has made clear that it will not be sending Abrams anytime soon, arguing it would be a logistical nightmare for Ukrainian troops to use the American tanks because of the fuel that would be required and maintenance needed.

Britain has said that it would send 14 of its main battle tanks along with additional artillery support to Ukraine, a step officials hope will open the door for Germany to make similar moves.

The Kremlin’s spokesman said Western countries supplying additional tanks to Ukraine would not change the course of the conflict and that they would add to the problems of the Ukrainian people.

Published in Dawn, January 21st, 2023

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