Jubilant residents welcomed Ukrainian troops arriving in the centre of Kherson on Friday after Russia abandoned the only regional capital it had captured since its invasion began in February.
“Today is a historic day. We are getting the south of the country back, we are getting Kherson back,” Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said in an evening video address.
“As of now, our defenders are on the outskirts of the city, and we are very close to entering. But special units are already in the city,” he added.
Russia said it had withdrawn 30,000 troops across the Dnipro River without losing a single soldier.
However, Ukrainians painted a picture of a chaotic retreat, with Russian troops ditching their uniforms, dropping weapons and drowning while trying to flee.
The withdrawal marked the third major Russian retreat of the war and the first to involve yielding such a large occupied city in the face of a major Ukrainian counter-offensive that has retaken parts of the east and south.
Video footage verified by Reuters showed dozens of people cheering and chanting victory slogans in Kherson city’s central square, where the apparent first Ukrainian troops to arrive snapped selfies in the throng.
Two men hoisted a female soldier on their shoulders and tossed her into the air. Some residents wrapped themselves in Ukrainian flags. One man was weeping with joy.
Ukraine’s defence intelligence agency said Kherson was being restored to Ukrainian control and ordered any remaining Russian troops to surrender to Kyiv’s forces entering the city.
Locals had placed Ukrainian flags in the square as news of the end of more than eight months of occupation filtered out.
“Glory to Ukraine! Glory to the Heroes! Glory to the Nation!” one man shouted in another video verified by Reuters.
Zelensky said measures to make Kherson safe — in particular, removing what he called a large number of landmines — would start as soon as possible.
Dmitry Rogozin — a senior Russian official giving military advice to two occupied regions of Ukraine that Moscow claims as its own — said on Friday that the withdrawal across the Dnipro was painful but necessary, according to RIA news agency.
He further suggested that Moscow could regroup and launch another offensive.
“We must carry out this task, hoping that when we gather our strength; when new weapons arrive; when well-trained mobilised units arrive; when volunteers arrive; we will rally and take back this land,” the agency cited him as saying.
Tears of relief
As Ukrainian forces surged forward during one of the most humiliating Russian retreats of the war, villagers came out of hiding and amid tears of relief and joy, described how Russian troops had killed residents and looted homes.
Reuters could not independently verify the accounts and Russia’s defence ministry did not immediately respond to questions about allegations made by residents of the recaptured village of Blahodatne, 20 kilometres north of Kherson.
Serhii Kalko, aged 43 — one of the roughly 60 people who stayed in Blahodatne out of a pre-war population of 1,000 — was struck by how quiet the final Russian retreat had been.
“They left silently. They didn’t even speak with each other,” he said.
Previously, “there was shooting all the time from three directions”, said a tearful but ecstatic Halyna, a diminutive 81-year-old woman standing beside her rusty bicycle.
Searches for Russian troops
A number of Russian soldiers had drowned in the Dnipro river trying to escape and others had changed into civilian clothing, a Kherson official said.
He advised residents to not leave their homes while searches for the remaining Russian troops took place.
Natalia Humeniuk, a spokesperson for the Ukrainian military’s southern command, said “saboteur operations” by Russian troops in civilian clothes cannot be ruled out.
Earlier, the Russian defence ministry said that it had finished its withdrawal from the western bank of the Dnipro river — where Kherson city lies — two days after Moscow announced the retreat.
No military equipment or weapons had been left on the western bank, the ministry said. It added that all servicemen crossed to the eastern bank.
Pro-Russian war bloggers had reported late on Thursday that Russian forces crossing the river were coming under heavy fire from Ukrainian forces.
The Russian ministry said that Ukrainian forces had struck Dnipro crossings five times overnight with US-supplied HIMARS rocket systems.
Ukraine’s advance unfolded far more rapidly than Ukrainian officials had suggested just hours earlier.
Ukrainian Defence Minister Oleksii Reznikov had said on Thursday that it would take at least a week for Russian troops to leave Kherson.
Ukrainian social media brimmed with celebratory messages and elation.
Businesses and official institutions — from national mail carrier Ukrposhta to the anti-corruption office — inserted images of watermelons into their profiles. The Kherson region is known for its watermelons.
There was no sign of Russian forces when Reuters reached Blahodatne. Villagers recounted life under occupation, saying about 100 Russians had held Blahodatne for eight months.
The Russians had killed a man who had approached too close to their trenches and taken away two other men and a young woman whose fate remained unknown, the villagers said.
“For the first two months they came in and were extremely aggressive,” said villager Kalko, adding that Russian soldiers fired in the air as they walked down the streets.
The Russian troops had also broken into vacant homes and looted them; removing furniture, televisions, stoves and refrigerators, the villagers said.
Russian forces were driven from the outskirts of the capital Kyiv in March and ousted from the northeastern region of Kharkiv in September as Ukraine’s counter-offensive gained momentum.
Kherson province is one of four regions Russian President Vladimir Putin claimed to have annexed from Ukraine in late September.
It is also strategically important as the land gateway to Crimea, the peninsula annexed by Russia from Ukraine in 2014 and where Moscow’s Black Sea fleet is based.
Putin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the decision to retreat from Kherson was taken by the defence ministry.
Asked by reporters if it was humiliating for Putin, Peskov replied: “No.”