SEOUL: North Korea has passed a law allowing it to carry out a preventive nuclear strike and declaring its status as a nuclear-armed state “irreversible”, Pyongyang’s official media said Friday.

The announcement comes at a time of crumbling ties between the North and South, with Pyongyang blaming Seoul for the outbreak of Covid-19 in its territory and conducting a record number of weapons tests this year.

The law will allow North Korea to carry out a preventive nuclear strike “automatically” and “immediately to destroy the hostile forces” when a foreign country poses an imminent threat to Pyongyang, the official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) said.

With the newly enacted law, “the status of our country as a nuclear weapons state has become irreversible”, leader Kim Jong Un said, according to KCNA.

Kim in July said his country was “ready to mobilise” its nuclear capability in any war with the United States and the South. He reiterated that Pyongyang would never give up the nuclear weapons it needed to counter hostilities from Washington, claiming the United States sought to “collapse” his regime at any time.

Nuclear talks and diplomacy between Washington and Pyongyang have been derailed since 2019 over sanctions relief and what Pyongyang would be willing to give up in return.

“There is absolutely no such thing as giving up nuclear weapons first, and there is no denuclearisation and no negotiation,” leader Kim said during a speech at North Korea’s rubber-stamp parliament on Thursday, KCNA reported.

The new law shows Kim’s confidence in his country’s nuclear and military competence, including its intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of hitting the US, said Cheong Seong-chang of the Centre for North Korea Studies at the Sejong Institute.

The law “publicly justifies Pyongyang’s use of its nuclear power” in the event of any military clash, including in response to non-nuclear attacks, Cheong said.

A blitz of North Korean weapons tests since January included the firing of an intercontinental ballistic missile at full range for the first time since 2017.

Published in Dawn, September 10th, 2022

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