Great Barrier Reef should be listed as ‘in danger’, recommends UN committee

Published June 23, 2021
This photo, taken on November 20, 2014, shows an aerial view of the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of the Whitsunday Islands, along the central coast of Queensland, Australia. — AFP
This photo, taken on November 20, 2014, shows an aerial view of the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of the Whitsunday Islands, along the central coast of Queensland, Australia. — AFP

CANBERRA: The Great Barrier Reef should be added to a list of “in danger” World Heritage Sites, a UN committee recommended on Tuesday, prompting an angry response from Australia which said it had been blindsided by the move and blamed political interference.

The long-term outlook for the world’s biggest coral reef system had deteriorated and action was needed to counter the effects of climate change, said the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation committee, which sits under Unesco.

Australia’s Environment Minister Sussan Ley said Canberra would challenge the recommendation, saying it went against advice given just a week ago, and defended Australia’s protection of the reef. “This is a complete subversion of normal process,” Ley said.

Australia has for years been battling to keep the Great Barrier Reef, a major tourist attraction that supports thousands of jobs, off the “in danger” list, a step that could potentially lead towards its eventual removal as a World Heritage Site.

In 2015, its lobbying included hosting Unesco World Heritage delegates on a trip to an unspoiled stretch of the reef, but since then, scientists say, the world’s largest living ecosystem has suffered three major coral bleaching events due to severe marine heatwaves.

Ley said she and Australia’s Minister for Foreign Affairs Marise Payne raised their concerns overnight with the Director General of Unesco, Audrey Azoulay.

“This decision was flawed. Clearly there were politics behind it,” she said, without elaborating.

A government source said Canberra believes China is responsible for the move amid a souring of relations between the two countries. Chinese officials enjoy strong sway on three Unesco committees, while a Chinese lawmaker is chairman of the World Heritage Committee, the source said.

“We will appeal but China is in control, the meeting is in China, we don’t have much hope,” the source said, declining to be named as he is not authorised to talk to the media.

Environmental groups, however, rejected that the recommendation was political and said it was clear Australia was not doing enough to protect the reef, especially on climate change.

“There is no avenue for any government to have any input. This recommendation is reached by world renowned scientists,” said Richard Leck, Head of Oceans for the World Wide Fund for Nature, Australia.

Leck was part of a group of conservationists that lobbied 13 members of the Unesco committee to reach its recommendation, which will now be be considered by all 21 countries on the committee.

Australia is part of the committee, but by convention it will not able to vote if a consensus is unable to be reached.

Australia’s reliance on coal-fired power makes it one of the world’s largest carbon emitters per capita, but its conservative government has steadfastly backed the country’s fossil fuel industries, arguing tougher action on emissions would cost jobs.

Relations between Canberra and Beijing soured last year after Australia accused China of meddling in domestic affairs, and worsened when Prime Minister Scott Morrison sought an independent inquiry over the origins of the coronavirus pandemic.

Published in Dawn, July 23rd, 2021

Opinion

Clinging on to fiction
Updated 26 Jul 2021

Clinging on to fiction

Pakistan consistently ranks in the bottom quartile of all assessments on gender equality.
Online myths
26 Jul 2021

Online myths

With millions facing school closures, we have decisions to make.
A changing society
25 Jul 2021

A changing society

The state has not paid any attention to increasing resources and planning their fair distribution...

Editorial

26 Jul 2021

Senior citizens’ law

FOR all the cultural emphasis on respect and consideration for our elders, the state itself extends little by way of...
26 Jul 2021

Grim Covid realities

YET another grim milestone was reached last week when we became the 30th country in the world to mark a million...
Islamophobia envoy
Updated 26 Jul 2021

Islamophobia envoy

By calling for the appointment of a special envoy to counter Islamophobia, US lawmaker Ilhan Omar has raised a pertinent issue.
Noor murder case
Updated 25 Jul 2021

Noor murder case

IT would not be an exaggeration to describe Pakistan as no country for women. This truth was underscored yet again...
25 Jul 2021

Rental inflation

HOUSE rent prices soared in June by 6.21pc from 4.2pc a year ago, topping the list of 10 contributors to the urban...