Chinese Premier Li Keqiang met with Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam in Beijing on Monday, saying the Asian financial hub was not yet out of the "dilemma" facing the city's economy after months of sometimes violent protests.
Li met with Lam during a regular duty visit where she is also due to hold a potentially pivotal meeting with President Xi Jinping.
The meetings come after Hong Kong police fired tear gas in late-night street clashes with anti-government protesters on Sunday as the former British colony's worst political crisis in decades drags on into the seventh month.
"Hong Kong right now has not stepped out of its dilemma," Li said in his meeting with Lam, the opening remarks of which were broadcast by Cable TV.
"The SAR (special administrative region) government must continue its efforts, end violence and stop the chaos in accordance with the law and restore order."
Hong Kong media have speculated that Lam's talks with Xi could yield fresh directives on the city's political crisis, including a possible cabinet reshuffle.
The two had previously met in Shanghai in early November when Xi expressed "high trust" in Lam despite the turmoil.
Lam, however, appeared to play down the prospects of a cabinet reshuffle before she left, saying the first task was to curb violence and restore order while seeking to engage in more dialogue with the public.
Late on Sunday, groups of masked youths — angered by what they see as Chinese meddling in freedoms promised to Hong Kong when the former British colony returned to Chinese rule in 1997 — blocked roads around Mong Kok district, prompting police to fire multiple rounds of tear gas and baton charge crowds.
Despite the protesters' demands and anti-China rhetoric, China maintains it is committed to the "one country, two systems" formula granting Hong Kong a large degree of autonomy and liberties, such as freedom of the press, denied in other cities in the mainland. Press freedom in Hong Kong has come under an accelerating squeeze despite China's pledges to maintain an open society, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) said in a report on Monday.
Large media properties have come under mainland Chinese ownership or influence, while targeted violence has underscored potential dangers for journalists who challenge China's wishes, the report said.
Asked about the report during a daily news briefing in Beijing on Monday, Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said he has not seen the report and that it was not worth refuting.
The city, home to around seven million people, entered its first recession in a decade in the third quarter with tourism and retail particularly affected by the sometimes violent protests.
Hong Kong International Airport reported its biggest fall in passenger numbers in more than a decade in November, official data released on Sunday showed.
Lam's administration has pledged HK$25 billion ($3.2 billion) in stimulus but analysts say it is unlikely to have a major impact as long as the unrest continues.
Some 7,000 licensed retail establishments out of 64,000 say they will be forced to close down in the next six months, the Hong Kong Retail Management Association said earlier this month.
While the number of protests has lessened in recent weeks from demonstrations nearly every day, the movement still enjoys broad backing, with families with children and retirees still coming out in support.
Protesters have called on the government to address their demands which include an independent inquiry into police behaviour and the implementation of universal suffrage.