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Acting Pentagon chief Patrick Shanahan arrives in Afghanistan

Updated February 11, 2019

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Acting Pentagon chief Patrick Shanahan (front 2nd R) arrives in Kabul on February 11, 2019. — AFP
Acting Pentagon chief Patrick Shanahan (front 2nd R) arrives in Kabul on February 11, 2019. — AFP

Acting Pentagon chief Patrick Shanahan arrived in Afghanistan on an unannounced visit on Monday as the United States leads a push for peace talks with the Afghan Taliban.

Shanahan will meet Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, who has warned against rushing into a deal after Washington held major talks with Afghan Taliban officials in Qatar last month that negotiators hope could herald a breakthrough in the grinding 17-year conflict.

United States President Trump is pushing to end US involvement in Afghanistan, where 14,000 American troops are still deployed. President Trump's announcement has raised fears in Afghanistan that the American troops could exit before securing a lasting peace between the Afghan Taliban and the Kabul government.

Shanahan, who is also due to meet General Scott Miller, the top US and Nato commander in Afghanistan, told reporters aboard his flight to Kabul that he had no instructions from Washington to begin a withdrawal, however.

“I have not been directed to step down our forces in Afghanistan,” Shanahan said. “I think the presence we want in Afghanistan is what assures our homeland defence and supports regional stability.”

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He said it was crucial that Kabul, whose representatives were not at the talks in Qatar, was involved in discussions over the future of Afghanistan.

“The Afghans have to decide what Afghanistan looks like in the future. It's not about the US, it's about Afghanistan,” Shanahan said. “The US has significant — significant — investment in ensuring security, but the Afghans decide their future.”

Zalmay Khalilzad, the US special envoy leading the talks, has expressed hope at finding a deal before Afghan presidential elections scheduled for July, but has emphasised that any troop withdrawal would depend on conditions on the ground.

Khalilzad is set to lead a large delegation on a six-nation tour, including Afghanistan, to boost the peace process and seek to bring all Afghan parties to the table.

'Constructive'

The months-long push by the US to engage the Afghan Taliban has ostensibly been aimed at convincing them to negotiate with Kabul, which the insurgents consider a US puppet.

Ghani spoke last week with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who also stressed the importance of the Afghan government being at the centre of the peace process.

But the insurgents, who ruled Afghanistan from 1996-2001, have steadfastly refused. Instead they met directly with US negotiators in Doha last month for peace talks described by US President Donald Trump as “constructive”.

The US is expected to commence a second round of talks with Afghan Taliban officials on February 25 in Qatar, where they have their political office.

The militants, who were toppled by US-led forces in 2001, last week held separate talks in Moscow with a senior delegation of Afghan politicians — including chief Ghani rivals.

The two-day talks were the Taliban's most significant engagement with Afghan leaders in years, and saw former president Hamid Karzai, among others, dining and praying with the insurgents — though without the involvement of the government it was unclear what impact they will have.

Ghani — who has vented frustration as his friends and enemies were pictured negotiating the future of his country — has described the Moscow talks as “nothing more than fantasy”.

The Afgan Taliban have outlined their vision for Afghanistan, proposing an “inclusive Islamic system” of governance and demanding a new Islam-based constitution for the country.

Both parties released a statement at the conclusion of the talks promising to advance negotiations at a later date.