Bahrain top activist loses final appeal against jail term

Published December 31, 2018
In this file photo taken on November 2, 2014 Bahraini human rights activist Nabeel Rajab sits at his home in the village of Bani Jamrah, West of Manama. — AFP
In this file photo taken on November 2, 2014 Bahraini human rights activist Nabeel Rajab sits at his home in the village of Bani Jamrah, West of Manama. — AFP

A prominent Bahraini activist, who played a key role in the 2011 Shia-led anti-government protests, on Monday lost his final appeal against a five-year jail term for writing tweets deemed offensive to the state.

The Gulf state's supreme court, whose verdicts are final, upheld the jail term against Nabeel Rajab, his second imprisonment verdict this year, for criticising the monarchy on social media, a judicial source said.

Rights groups were swift to condemn the latest verdict — which is final and cannot be challenged.

Amnesty International declared Rajab a “prisoner of conscience” and said the sentence was a “travesty of justice” and “utterly outrageous”.

The London-based Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy said the verdict “illustrates that Bahrain's corrupt political system sought to continue his (Rajab) political persecution”.

Rajab, a high-profile rights activist who is already serving a two-year term in another case, was first handed the sentence in February by a lower court and an appeals court confirmed it in June.

He was convicted of insulting the state by “deliberately disseminating”, false and malicious news on social media.

Rajab was also convicted of criticising the Saudi-led military campaign in Yemen and publicly offending a foreign country, a reference to Saudi Arabia.

The court convicted him of endangering Bahrain's military operations in Yemen. Manama is part of the Saudi-led coalition that has been fighting the Houthi rebels since March 2015.

He also tweeted criticism of the Bahraini government's treatment of prisoners.

In January this year, the same court upheld a two-year imprisonment against Rajab after convicting him of press statements critical to the government.

'A complete farce'

Rights groups poured scorn on Monday's final verdict and called for Rajab's immediate release.

“The decision to uphold Nabeel Rajab's conviction and five-year sentence simply for posting tweets expressing his opinions, exposes Bahrain's justice system as a complete farce,” Amnesty International said in a statement. “Nabeel Rajab is a prisoner of conscience. It is utterly outrageous that he has already spent two years behind bars — including nine agonising months in solitary confinement, amounting to torture.”

It said Bahraini authorities should have quashed his conviction and sentence and released him immediately and unconditionally.

The Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy echoed Amnesty.

“By arranging the final verdict to fall during the holidays, a time when international attention will be minimal, the intentions of Bahrain's rulers have been made clear. This appears to be a planned outcome, prepared well in advance,” it said in a statement.

About 127 non-governmental rights groups urged Bahrain in August to “immediately release” Rajab after the United Nations denounced the Shia opposition leader's detention as “arbitrary” and “discriminatory”.

Bahrain is mostly Shia Muslim according to unofficial estimates contested by the government.

The country — which is home to the US Navy's Fifth Fleet and a British military base — is located between regional rivals Saudi Arabia and Iran and has been ruled for more than two centuries by the Al-Khalifa dynasty.

Authorities have jailed dozens of high-profile activists and disbanded both religious and secular opposition groups since Shia-led protests demanding political change erupted in 2011.

They have stripped hundreds of those convicted of their citizenship, leaving many stateless.

In March, authorities announced they would be taking “severe measures” to track down dissidents who use social media, as Bahrain tightens its grip on political opposition.

Social networking sites, notably Twitter, are a major platform for rights activists in the tiny kingdom.

Opinion

Editorial

Cipher inquiry
Updated 04 Oct, 2022

Cipher inquiry

Inquiry will likely end nowhere, or, worse, be used as a tool of victimisation.
Further delay?
04 Oct, 2022

Further delay?

KARACHI Administrator Murtaza Wahab’s announcement that the second phase of Sindh’s LG polls — primarily...
Losing to England
04 Oct, 2022

Losing to England

AFTER tantalisingly close finishes in the fourth and fifth matches against an England side visiting the country for...
An inexplicable delay
03 Oct, 2022

An inexplicable delay

AFTER a flurry of activity a couple of months ago, geared towards filling the vacancies in the apex court — an...
Dire situation
Updated 03 Oct, 2022

Dire situation

If there is any time for the civilian leadership to show unity, it is now.
Russian annexation
03 Oct, 2022

Russian annexation

AS Russia and the West play a zero-sum game in Ukraine, Moscow’s official annexation of four Ukrainian regions it...