WASHINGTON: There are many, many more Asians than there are Americans, but a far smaller share of them have enjoyed a refreshing cola lately. Global soft-drink makers view this as an opportunity to hook new customers. For Asian governments, it’s a public health challenge — one they can meet by levying soda taxes.

Sugary drinks, along with the many other processed foods that contain added sugar, are a primary driver of the obesity epidemic: Some 41 million children under the age of 5 worldwide are overweight or obese, nearly half of them in Asia. Added sugar also contributes to the skyrocketing incidence of diabetes, as well as heart, liver and kidney diseases.

In more affluent countries, where people are increasingly aware of sugar’s ill effects, per-capita consumption is declining. But it’s rising fast in India, Indonesia and other developing countries, as big soda makers push for new customers. Coca-Cola intends to invest more than $10 billion to grow its business in India, China and the Philippines alone. Big Tobacco once followed a similar strategy, seeking out customers among the rising middle and lower-middle classes of Asia as the developed world clamped down on smoking.

Asian countries can easily avoid falling into the same trap with sugar, and some of them already recognise it: The Philippines, India and Indonesia are all considering substantial taxes on sugary drinks.

Such measures can drive down soft-drink consumption, as Mexico’s experience shows. Just one year after its soda tax was put in place, purchases of sugary drinks in the country fell substantially. Other measures — restrictions on advertising, bans in schools, front-of-pack labels highlighting the dangers of sugar — haven’t been evaluated consistently. But given the scale of the public health threat involved, countries would be wise to experiment with a combination of them.

For the push against unhealthy sugar consumption to be most effective, China — where nearly half of all kids drink sugary beverages regularly and half of the population is either diabetic or pre-diabetic — will need to join in. And regulators in every country will need to be careful not to discriminate among brands: To target the fizzy beverages made by the likes of Coca-Cola and Pepsi risks ignoring locally made packaged juices, which can be just as unhealthy. Asian governments should keep in mind the much larger costs they’ll face — in chronic disease, lost productivity and mortality — if they fail to keep sugar consumption under control.

Bloomberg-The Washington Post Service

Published in Dawn, February 25th, 2016

Opinion

A ventilator for democracy
Updated 15 Jun 2021

A ventilator for democracy

Chomsky has analysed Biden’s foreign policy succinctly, which is essentially not very different from Trump’s in most ways.
State of IKonomy
15 Jun 2021

State of IKonomy

PTI’s economic record is not rosy as some say it is.
Not by words alone
Updated 14 Jun 2021

Not by words alone

A policy shift must be backed by substance otherwise it is a statement of intent not a strategy.

Editorial

15 Jun 2021

Middle East’s plight

THE Middle East is geopolitically and economically perhaps the most important region of the world, home to much of...
Thoughtless eviction
Updated 15 Jun 2021

Thoughtless eviction

Promised compensation of Rs20,000 per month for two years is hardly worth the adversity evicted residents have to undergo.
15 Jun 2021

Cinema ‘industry’?

THE vast gap that often exists between the state’s intentions and its actual efficiency was evident in the third...
Power shortages
Updated 14 Jun 2021

Power shortages

It is high time that governance and structural reforms were introduced in the energy sector.
14 Jun 2021

Suicide in Thar

THARPARKAR is an appropriate case study for examining the factors that lead some people to the desperate, final act...
14 Jun 2021

Water woes

THIS past week saw a discussion on a water management system that, if properly implemented, should go some way...