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One of the most fascinating characters in the initial saga of the painful birth of Pakistan is Fatima Jinnah, the frail-looking, graceful but gritty sister of the founder of the nation, Mohammad Ali Jinnah. She was a passionate political worker, a determined activist for women’s rights and a qualified dental surgeon to boot.

After receiving a degree (in dentistry) from the University of Calcutta in 1914, she became a close counsellor and a trusted confidant of her brother. She enthusiastically backed her brother when (in the 1940s) he finally decided to manoeuvre his party, the All India Muslim League (AIML), towards a more polemical position on the question of the future of India’s Muslims.

The move consequently helped the AIML evolve into a mass-based party (among India’s Muslims). After the tense 1946 election in the Punjab where the party finally managed to reverse the electoral fortunes of the Indian Congress Party, certain Congress-backed confessional Muslim groups and the Unionist Party, AIML suddenly became the main engine behind what would later come to be known as the Pakistan Movement.

Miss Jinnah worked tirelessly for the movement and was able to win respect and recognition within and outside the AIML. However, after the movement was able to achieve a separate Muslim country in 1947, Miss Jinnah’s existence as a Pakistani was wrought with disappointments, disillusionment and eventual isolation.

Much has been speculated about her life as a Pakistani between 1947 and 1967 (the year she passed away).

But one of the best and most authentic accounts of her disappointments arrived in the shape of a book that she wrote in 1955 (My Brother) but which was published 32 years later in 1987!

Even though her status was immediately elevated to that of being a patriotic heroine after the creation of Pakistan, why did it take so long for her book to be available for public consumption?

The answer to this can be found in some of the contents of the book. In it she laments how her brother was quickly ‘betrayed’ by even some of his closest comrades who had worked with him during the Pakistan Movement.

Jinnah had assumed the role of Pakistan’s first Governor General in 1947. But he faced his first surprise when, after his famous Aug 11 address to Pakistan’s Constituent Assembly (in which he declared his vision of Pakistan being a progressive Muslim majority state), the bureaucracy of the time (pressed by Muslim League’s leading members), asked the country’s nascent print media and radio to only publish and broadcast an edited version of Jinnah’s speech.

According to Miss Jinnah’s book, her brother, who had been suffering from tuberculosis throughout the later stages of his struggle for Pakistan, began to lose his health more rapidly after 1947. In her mind this was due to the disappointments and the sense of betrayal he felt at the hands of some of his closest comrades.

Miss Jinnah seemed particularly bitter towards Pakistan’s first prime minister, Liaquat Ali Khan, who was perhaps Jinnah’s closest colleague in the Muslim League.

She wrote that her brother told her that many of his former colleagues were coming to meet him only to determine how much life there was left in him, implying that they were most probably waiting for him to quietly perish.

In her book Miss Jinnah also laments how heartlessly her brother was picked up and put in an ambulance (to be taken to a hospital) and how the ambulance broke down in the middle of the road. Jinnah expired on Sept 11, 1948.

There might have been pressure from the government in disallowing Miss Jinnah to publish her book in 1955, but there is also ample evidence suggesting that it was Miss Jinnah herself who hesitated to get the book published. Pakistan was just eight years old and Liaquat Ali Khan had been assassinated in 1951.

Author and intellectual Khaled Ahmed, in his 2001 book, Pakistan Behind the Ideological Mask quotes celebrated lawyer, Sharifuddin Pirzada (who was a secretary to Jinnah), in saying that when Miss Jinnah appeared on Radio Pakistan to announce her brother’s death, the state-owned radio channel’s director-general, Z A. Bokhari, got a call from a government official asking him to switch off Miss Jinnah’s speech the moment she began criticising the government’s heartless attitude towards the founder of the country and how he was left to die in an old ambulance.

She became a virtual recluse after Jinnah’s death, until in 1965 when she was pulled out of her self-imposed political retirement to challenge Field Martial Ayub Khan in a Presidential election.

Khan had imposed Pakistan’s first Martial Law in 1958 and had enjoyed significant popularity during the early years of his regime.

However, by 1965 his popularity had begun to dwindle a bit and his Presidential candidature was challenged by the Combined Opposition Parties (COP) — a group made up of certain left-wing parties (that were opposed to his staunchly capitalist policies) and right-wing religious outfits (that opposed the ‘secular’ disposition of his regime).

COP sprang a surprise when it convinced Miss Jinnah to become its candidate for the election. She initially hesitated, but then agreed.

Khan was expecting to sweep the election, but not any more. Though he did go on to win, Miss Jinnah defeated him in two of Pakistan’s largest cities, Karachi and Dhaka. She also won in Hyderabad and narrowly lost in Peshawar.

COP accused the regime of electoral malpractice, but Miss Jinnah once again decided to retire to a life of a recluse.

Her last meeting with a noted politician was with Z.A. Bhutto when he was eased out (as Foreign Minister) from the Ayub regime after he had disagreed with the President on his peace pact with India after the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war.

According to Stanley Wolpert (in his book Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan), soon after he was pushed into political oblivion by Ayub in 1966, Bhutto, whose house was close to Miss Jinnah’s (in Karachi), walked to her house and asked for her advice and guidance over a cup of tea.

She sounded disillusioned and told Bhutto: ‘I told you not to trust him (Ayub).’

A year later, she passed away at the age of 71 on July 9, 1967. The government announced her passing due to a heart-attack but to this day a number of politicians, and even Jinnah’s nephew Akber Pirbhai, insist that she was murdered.

She was 71 and is buried beside her brother’s grave in his impressive mausoleum in Karachi. Ironically, Liaquat Ali Khan too is buried there.


Comments (90) Closed



Wasim Khan May 04, 2014 08:09am

How sad Mr. Jinnah read his colleagues intentions of expecting and assessing his impending death. Miss. Jinnah soon after his death went into seclusion due to disappointments. The independence leader was provided with a junk ambulance for his emergency medical treatment evacuation. Miss. Jinnah,s address on radio was cut. We started with treating our great leaders and heroes in a hostile manner. So the power game set the rule of having no rule. My heart bleeds.

Nauman May 04, 2014 08:11am

A brilliant precis.

Sadly for Jinnah, his sister and many more crusaders who took part in the creation of Pakistan, their dreams were shattered immediately after Partition. The disillusionment continues to this very day and look what has happened to Pakistan which had the potential of not only being a progressive Muslim majority state but what would have been a shining example of tolerance. That's all gone.

But look what we have ended ourselves up into. Terrorists officially sitting around a table and our politicians being dictated the terms and conditions on how the people and the country should be run.

najam May 04, 2014 08:16am

Good Article. Very insightful especially when referring to Mohtarama Fatima Jinnah's book. I would like to read entire book. As a Pakistani, I have great respect for her services rendered for this nation.

Chandni Chowk May 04, 2014 09:28am

Begum Fatima Jinnah was a great role model for many females not only in Pakistan, but in the developing world. She truly stood by her brother through thick and thin .... wish when her brother was alive, and before his sad passing a benevolent ambulance service such as Edhi Foundation's was present. Alas, Pakistan was still an infant and such emergency services weren't developed.

Will have to acquire this book about one of our first great ladies, thank you NFP for your homage to Begum Fatima Jinnah. It's highly educational and every Pakistani should know more about this graceful and strong lady.

Zak May 04, 2014 12:02pm

A great lady and a pillar of Pakistan. These clean of heart and purpose were taken aback at the workings of politics were power is the driver and all ethics , loyalties are get kicked out the window. This is what must have put her off politics. But again she sacrificed all to come and try and correct course in 1965. It was from that point, Karachi's peaceful and tolerant atmosphere declines, as outsiders were brought in to control it, the public lost trust in Ayub, The politics of ethnicity creeped in. Had Miss Fatimah won, Pakistan would have been on a path of its founders, East Pakistan would not have left us and politics would have much better politicians with some calibre. But alas, it was not to be. Now we have taken a more longer experimental route to out ideals of a state. But we will get there in the end.

TAM May 04, 2014 12:09pm

There were other casualties too like Mohd Zaffarullah Khan sidelined after the pressure from religious extremists which finally led to Zafarullah's resignation as Foreign Minister in October 1954.

Zaffrullah Khan is considered one of the most influential skilled and passionate diplomats of his time. "We except from all Arabs and followers of Islam that they will never forget this great Muslim fighter"...Former Iraqi Foreign Minister..

Afsheen May 04, 2014 12:14pm

Indeed once more, a real great article by NFP. It's really informative & got lessons.... But ofcourse Pakisatani's.. Never learned from lessons. Need to read the whole book.. As the history we've been reading in School's is & was never the reality. Pakistan is still in that state, never respecting & honouring our heroes... Always busy in personal gains & conspiracy's... Which is well known or weakness of Muslim rulers, as a result of which Muslims have lost great empires...

SMS May 04, 2014 12:20pm

She certainly is a historic figure; though not heroic by any account. I fail to see what Mr. Pracha is trying to say here.

N Kazmi May 04, 2014 12:45pm

Thanks NFP. This article - and Miss Jinnahs book - should be a MUST read for the younger generation.

frank May 04, 2014 01:01pm

...sad

nasir May 04, 2014 01:13pm

some how Pakistan has a habit of ignoring leaders who are truly passionate about their country. I guess they deserve who they elect,

Hitesh May 04, 2014 01:48pm

@SMS Congratulations ! You have passed the test to qualify yourself as a True Pakistani !

Ali May 04, 2014 03:12pm

At least Miss Jinnah was fortunate to be burried close to our brother! Liaqat Ali Khan was burried next to the Quaid, despite of clear disapproval of Miss Jinnah and very likely the Quaid too.

History repeated itself...

saqib May 04, 2014 03:23pm

@kamaljit Singh , I think anyone with half a brain would have realised by now that the struggle for Pakistan was not about being secular or not. It was a fight for the rights of Muslims of South Asia. Upon creation of Pakistan Mr Jinnah was being mindful of the rights of the minorities. There was no contradiction in his line of thinking. So please stop being bitter and stop cry foul. He and his sister fought for their people and for that they both deserve our love and respect.

V. C. Bhutani May 04, 2014 03:25pm

Jinnah was too much of an intellectual to have actually believed that Muslims of the subcontinent NEEDED a homeland of their own. His intellectual excellence was reflected in his speech of 11 August 1947, which I first read in 1976. I have a faint recollection (perhaps erroneous) that Fatima wanted the publication of her book to be delayed until much later, possibly with the object of avoiding embarrassment to many who came in for unfavourable notice in her book. It is too late in the day now to go into the intellectual soundness of the idea of Pakistan: that idea in its pristine originality was laid to rest in 1971. All Muslims of the subcontinent could not be comprised in an exclusive nation of their own. That's why Muslims of the subcontinent are today divided in significant numbers in three countries. Jinnah seems to have realized rather early after the birth of Pakistan that not many around him were men of intellectual excellence. He himself retained and preserved his basic conviction, as he spoke on 11 August 1947. But perhaps he did not convince anyone else of the soundness of his vision. If Pakistan had been run on principles enunciated by him in that speech, the course and career of Pakistan as a nation would have been something to be proud of. Even ZA Bhutto failed to measure up adequately and was without doubt responsible, at any rate to some extent, for 1971. Later leaders of Pakistan have been small men - without exception. V. C. Bhutani, Edinburgh, 4 May 2014, 1125 GMT

Muhammad Rizwan May 04, 2014 03:31pm

@SMS Pakistan died with the death of Mr.Jinnah

Jalbani Baloch May 04, 2014 03:41pm

We have never been given to understand the clear history of Pakistan. We have learnt from our elders and not from the pages of history that Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Jinnah was very sad after the creation of Pakistan, especially firstly in view of the mass exodus of millions of people from India to Pakistan as a result of division of India, and secondly the eviction of Hindus from the State of Sindh, and thirdly the influx of unchecked emigration of Indian Muslims to the province of Sindh. This large scale inter-migration was never thought, and however, it was consented that only equal number of displaced (if happened) would be accommodated by both India and Pakistan. The wave of migration from India was beyond proportions and all that landing in Sindh greatly made Quaid-e-Azam greatly upset as after all he was Sindhi and the son of soil

Ali S May 04, 2014 03:54pm

Something very important that is conveniently left out of our history books is that Jinnah completely misread his fellow Muslim Leaguers - they were the Muslim elite of India (to be fair, so was Jinnah) who sought to have a bigger share of the power-sharing cake in a Muslim-majority nation. They cared negligibly about Jinnah's ideology, which itself was not devoid of potholes (a 'progressive' Muslim-majority nation cannot be founded on the basis that Muslims cannot coexist with other religions) - and until we rectify this fractured ideology's position in our national narrative (which should be continuously adapting to the needs of modern times), we will not be able to become a progressive Muslim-majority state. Miss Fatima Jinnah seems to have realized this too late.

Karachi Wala May 04, 2014 03:58pm

"Miss Jinnah seemed particularly bitter towards Pakistan

SYED ZAFAR KAZMI May 04, 2014 04:34pm

@SMS You, sir, fail to see not what Mr. Paracha is trying to say; He is crystal clear. Mr. Paracha is only stating brutal facts; your failure lies in refusing to see facts just as those associates around the Quaid were blind to faith, loyalty and disgraced themselves by colluding to kill a great founder of a country.

Zak May 04, 2014 04:34pm

@saqib very well put, thank you.

SYED ZAFAR KAZMI May 04, 2014 04:38pm

@Ali What history, Ali?

Karachi Wala May 04, 2014 04:44pm

@kamaljit Singh

"Isn't surprising that Jinnah turned to secularism on the 11th August 47, after creating hype of Islam to divide the country, May be the bureaucrats were baffled for his Left or U turn ?"

Dear Kamaljit what you have said may have some truth to it. Especially, if one takes a closer look at the happenings in Pakistan that started with the death of Mr. Jinnah. Combine this with religious fervor that over the years has turned into religious fanaticism certainly gives weight to your thoughts. However, most of us choose the history of convenience and to our own particular likings. Following NFP and some other writer's articles and blogs, it has been discussed many times in the past how and why Pakistan movement was started and what finally gave it a decisive momentum. To my understanding, the movement of Pakistan was started by those few who were equipped with modern education and were minority among the Muslims of India as majority of Muslims were illiterate. Certainly they did not have any help from the forefathers of today's religious zealots. These early Proponents were fearful of "Modi" like treatment meted out to the Muslims of India at the hands of Hindu majority. The going for the Pakistan movement was still not easy, particularly in Muslim majority provinces of India (as they have no such fears) until somehow, religion was mixed with the demand for Pakistan. The rest is history.

Emran May 04, 2014 04:47pm

@Ali History repeats itself.

Karachi Wala May 04, 2014 04:56pm

@V. C. Bhutani

Well said Bhutani.

BRR May 04, 2014 05:18pm

Fatima Jinnah's claim to fame seems to have been her relationship with Mr. Jinnah. Her achievements if any were due to reflected glory - Such nepotism has always been part of sub-continental politics. You can only milk it so much.

Ameer Asim May 04, 2014 05:42pm

Pakistan has very sad history. Selfishness has marred our image since the time of Mr. and Miss Jinnah.

Ali May 04, 2014 05:46pm

@V. C. Bhutani Excellent. The writer has portrayed a rather distorted pic. of events. 1965 election was a farce. Results from distant places like Barisal and Khulna were announced at 7 pm. We know how people now rate the renowned constitutional lawyer Pirzada! The writer has used the word ironically for the first prime minister who died with no bank balance. He left behind buildings in Lucknow, Delhi and Simla. Anyway, there is no time to go into details

Salman from Canada May 04, 2014 06:27pm

@Jalbani Baloch

Asif Ali Khan May 04, 2014 06:31pm

Mr. Nadeem Piracha's brief composed version of the life of Mather-e- Millat Mohterma Fatima Jinnah is nicely written but her contributions are much more to be written for the Pakistani nation. Pakistan was created by " Myself, my sister and by my type writer " Quaid-e-Azam once said, which is true and I believe it. History will tell you both brother and sister team lived up to the saying - they did what they said and they said what they did. Both in their lives lived up to the principal and good moral conduct. If there was another leader in Pakistan today like them Pakistan would be a heaven on earth. I had the good fortune to meet Miss Jinnah in February,1959 when she very kindly attended a N.E.D. College sports function in Karachi. A delightful personality with a beautiful smile and full of encouragements to young people . How can one forget those moments when you are congratulated and asked to serve Pakistan well... that is leadership . Asif Ali Khan, Toronto.

event horizon May 04, 2014 06:37pm

Isn't it simple that QA knew that a country cannot be run on theocratic basis. It takes our present crop of politicians lot of experimentation to understand basic themes of politics and governance. Mr. Imran Khan of new Pakistan is the worst. He has changed directions and policies a countless number of times in his short political career so far. The bureaucracy disagreed with QA not because bureaucracy wanted an Islamic state but because QA was alone in his struggle to create Pakistan. Is it a fact that QA once said Pakistan was created by him and his typewriter? Sad that we lost founder of the nation so early. It is not too late to put the wrongs of Zia ul Haq aside and develop a nationalistic Pakistan. Even Bangladesh has realized that nationalism is the solution to political and economic issues. Why not Pakistan? Thank you NFP for yet another brilliant piece.

Akhter Husain May 04, 2014 06:50pm

@kamaljit Singh You have drawn wrong conclusions from the historic events that caused the partition of India.Failure of congress leaders to guarantees about the rights of MUSLIMS,after independence,the partition was the only viable solution.Jinnah never used Islam as the focal point of his campaign during elections or movement for Pakistan.He talked about culture,eating habits and living styles in addition to the out come of majority votes that will never accept any Muslim at the helm of affairs even if he was more progressive and competent to solve the problems of the people,with out any bias and discrimination.The present intolerance of the majority in India is a proof to be recognized...

Nizamuddin Ahmmad Aali May 04, 2014 06:52pm

What a sad story but all truth. Liaqat Ali is considered a celebrity but in reality he laid the foundation of todays Pakistan by appointing Ayub Khan as army chief and rest is history. He also wasted time during the remaining life of Mr. Jinnah by not writing the constitution of Pakistan under the guidance of Mr. Jinnah. Mr. Jinnah was very upset with Liaqat Ali Khan in his last days of his life.

Salman from Canada May 04, 2014 06:59pm

@Jalbani Baloch So how exactly was he a Sindhi? His parents moved from Gondal, Kathiawar state, Gujrat, India to Karachi. There is no definitive evidence ( birth certificate, hospital records ) of whether he was born in his ancestral Gonal or in Karachi. The reason his father, a merchant, moved to Karachi was his business with Graham Trading company. Mr. Jinnah who left for England in 1893 for an internship with that company left soon and enrolled at the Lincoln's Inn to read for the Bar. He returned to India in 1897 and set up his legal practice in Bombay. Bombay remained his home, his base in India, for half a century, right up until 1947 when he landed in Karachi. If any town is 'Quaid ka Shehr' I would think Bombay it is. Mr. Jinnah never spoke any of the regional languages of Pakistan; in fact he was hardly fluent in Gujurati, the language of his parents and he knew a smattering of Urdu. The only language he was really fluent speaking was English. Mr. Jinnah was more the image of an English aristocrat than a ajrak wearing Sindhi.

Nizamuddin Ahmmad Aali May 04, 2014 07:01pm

Every one should read the writings of Nadeem Paracha sahib on the manipulation of Pakistan's history and doctored version of Mr. Jinnah's Pakistan. Folks you will find out how Mr. Altaf Hussain ( editor in chief of Daily Dawn, hired by Mr. Jinnah. ) took a stand to publish an article edited by the elites with the permission or directive by Liaqat Ali Khan. Finally the article was published by the direct orders of Mr. Jinnah without any changes. Believe or not, this happened in the life time of the Founder of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah.

Agha Ata May 04, 2014 07:30pm

No one is perfect, neither Mr. Jinnah nor Miss Jinnah. But we are not in position to discuss their merits, we are too uneducated, too uninformed and ignorant even of the greatness these personalities possessed. We often lament that we have no great leader. That is baseless. We cannot even do what the great things Mr. Jinnah said and asked us to follow. Those rules are as workable to day as they were then, and will be useful even thousand years later. Have we even learned the a,b,c of his directions: Unity, Faith and Discipline? Why do you want a new leader to come up and say the same things, or change them?

One interesting point, the mullahs who think that a woman should not be the head of a state were the same people who chose Miss Jinnah to be the one.

voice May 04, 2014 08:28pm

Great piece!

Ayub, who considered to be modernist, but used Mullahs to use Islamic Fatwa Decree against Ms. Jinnah that "women is not allowed to head the state", which eventually kept military junta in a position to use religion again and again..... now it turn around them....

kautiliya May 04, 2014 08:50pm

Good article. Is her book available? May we have the title and the ISBN

Vish May 04, 2014 08:55pm

@Akhter Husain 'The present intolerance of the majority in India is to be recognized'. You only provide further proof of the poor quality of history textbooks and the widespread media propaganda in Pakistan. Never mind the 200 million Indian muslims, you would have at least asked yourself why so many Bangladeshis have been migrating to India for decades to experience intolerance. Or how many Pakistanis go to India for medical treatment. If you are still in doubt, ask Pakistan cricketers what they miss the most today. Don't be surprised if they tell you they desperately want to play for an IPL team in India. All proof of an intolerant majority!!

A Pakistani May 04, 2014 09:41pm

This article reminds me of Animal Farm by George Orwell

Zak May 04, 2014 10:41pm

@Muhammad Rizwan Pakistan lives and it is the legacy Qaid e Azam left.

Zak May 04, 2014 10:44pm

@Jalbani Baloch what made Jinnah proud was the creation of Pakistan, what made him sad was the British who stood aside allowing senseless killing of Muslims by Sikhs and Muslims.

Shahid May 04, 2014 11:03pm

After Mr. Jinnah untimely demise, we the Pakistanis had an honest, sincere-to-the-core, and visionary leader available in Miss Jinnah but what did we do? We failed to cherish her and benefit from her presence, and let her get old and pass away. We got another brutally honest (even if disruptive to the rotten system) leader, Mr. Bhutto, and what did we do? We the Pakistanis watched as he lay helpless in a jail before getting executed. Now, we have another honest (even if disruptive to the rotten system), sincere-to-the-core, visionary leader in Imran Khan. He is over 60 years of age. He is not going to stay forever. To our credit, we did travel from within home and even abroad to vote him to power. But after the painfully obvious and massive rigging (which we captured on our very own cellphone cameras), what did we do? We stayed silent for risk of being called sore losers. Ah but that's who we really are. Losers.

Karachi Wala May 04, 2014 11:07pm

@Zak

"@Jalbani Baloch what made Jinnah proud was the creation of Pakistan, what made him sad was the British who stood aside allowing senseless killing of Muslims by Sikhs and Muslims."

Not sure what you mean "senseless killing of Muslims by Sikhs and Muslims". Yes it was senseless and barbaric killing that took place at both sides of the divide.

Naveed Javed May 05, 2014 12:08am

Sadly this is what we do with our Heroes and more unfortunately we feel no shame (as a nation) in doing that. It is just more than Sad!

Sameer H. May 05, 2014 12:37am

The great irony is that we claim his sister to be the Mother of the Nation but we had a dictator at the time who used every ounce of his power to shepherd a disinformation campaign against her just to stay in power.

shahid May 05, 2014 02:17am

@voice You are patently wrong. All major religious leaders and parties of that time supported Fatimah Jinnah. That include Maulnan Maudid of JI and Mufti Mehmood of JUI and Shah Ahmed Noorani of JUIP. They worked with her and sat with her on the stages when she addressed large rallies in Lahore, Karachi, Pindi and Peshawar. Fatima Jinnah won in cities like Karachi and Hyderababd primarily because of staunch support and hard work from members of the JI. Ayub Khan and for that matter army high command had no love lost for things religious. Ayub had named Pakistan as the Republic of Pakistan in his 1963 constitution and it was only after a lot of ruckus that the name was changed. Religious parties of any significance were continuously persecuted by him and his fellow generals. Maududi was sentenced to death by hanging in mid fifties after the Martial Law in Lahore due to the Ahmedi conflict. Any one who is not trying to re-write Pakistan's history, knows what crucial and major role was played by them against Martial law government.

Shahpur May 05, 2014 02:54am

Saga of Pakistan.

Chaigram May 05, 2014 03:00am

Thank you, Mr. Paracha for writing this column. A well respected lady loved by all Pakistanis right till the end. Even at her old age and ailing health she tried to lift Pakistan from dictictorship of Ayub Khan. It is nice to see that there still FEW Pakistanis who remember her.

Masood Haider May 05, 2014 03:04am

The greatest betrayal of Jinnah's ideals was carried out by his right hand man, Sahibzada Liaqat Ali Khan who through his role in the passage of the 'Objectives Resolution' forever distorted the very idea of creation of Pakistan which was to be a 'homeland for the Muslims' rather than a theocratic state, the slogan 'Pakistan ka Mutlab Kiya' notwithstanding. The resultant damage to Pakistan which has led to its present existential struggle against Jihadism was bound to follow.

Ashleq May 05, 2014 03:17am

@saqib : Mr. Jinnah was an idealist and did not anticipate the vagaries of human nature. Humans are ruled by SELF-INTEREST and all the attendant ills that plague us. Study the fates of all of Pakistan's leaders in the 66 yrs.

Masood Haider May 05, 2014 03:19am

Regarding Shahid's comments: 'We got another brutally honest (even if disruptive to the rotten system) leader, Mr. Bhutto, and what did we do? We the Pakistanis watched as he lay helpless in a jail before getting executed. Now, we have another honest (even if disruptive to the rotten system), sincere-to-the-core, visionary leader in Imran Khan' not even Bilawal Bhutto and Jamaima Khan respectively, will utter such absurdly laudatory words for two deeply flawed leaders.

Ashleq May 05, 2014 03:34am

@A Pakistani : Especially Napoleon muscling in!

khan May 05, 2014 08:26am

@Wasim Khan How sad he didn't "read his colleagues intentions" sooner. How sad he didn't expose them. Yes, we would have had a little more chaotic years in the beginning, but we probably would have been better off now. No matter how great a man he, and his sister too, was, sulking and passing away quietly did this country no good.

Tariq K Sami May 05, 2014 08:30am

Abraham Lincoln fought a brutal civil war. Yakubu Gowan fought the war in Biafra. So why did Nehru give up so easily ?

Rajdeep May 05, 2014 10:21am

It was very strange that Jinnah wanted a secular, progressive Muslim dominated Pakistan. He should have noticed that his Party (AIML), his mass appeal and his movement of separate country was all based on religion. All those who were following him, were under the impression that Nehru-Gandhi led Congress Govt will oppress Muslims in India hence they need a separate state. Similar to him there were certain Sikh leaders (Master Tarachand) as well who wanted a third country for Sikhs but he did not have mass support like Jinnah, Didn't Jinnah noticed the speeches of Suharwardi, Liaquat Ali khan or Maulana Maududi during and after independence? How could Jinnah expect a secular state from such followers?

Zak May 05, 2014 10:32am

@Karachi Wala actually meant, Sikhs and Hindus, not Muslims. Error accepted.

Jamshed Khan May 05, 2014 10:48am

This is what really Pakistan is about, keep betraying the honest leaders. Same is done with mushraf!

Sridhar May 05, 2014 10:50am

@Tariq K Sami I was born in post-independance Inida. For a long time the Jana Sangh, the fore-runner to current day BJP, fondly wished for Akhanda Bharat (or undivided India). Fortunately, a vast majority of Indians did not share such megalomania. Interestingly, most people are happy that we did not have to deal with all the mess that has attended on Paksitan: dictatorships, terrorism, systematic alienation of minorities, mass murders of Ahmadis, poor educational institutions and finally economic and scientific backwardness. Partition might have been a blessing though millions had to lay down their lives.

Rani Sharma May 05, 2014 10:54am

@Tariq K Sami Both Nehru and Gandhi were glad to be rid of as many Muslims as possible. That is why they did not protest too much. They could have held on to what is now Pakistan. but then all of India would be the jihadi disaster Pakistan turned out to be.

Omar May 05, 2014 11:54am

Pakistan, it seems has never been successful because it was and still is composed of corrupt people. Pakistanis have never been sincere to Pakistan and Pakistanis are Pakistan's biggest enemies. I bet India is happy that all the trash left. Pakistan should never have been created. Muslims should have stayed there and fought fr their rights. What has Pakistan accomplished ever since its establishment? Has Pakistan ever contributed anything positive to the world?

mukhtiar May 05, 2014 01:14pm

In the present situation of our beloved homeland we need a Jinnah who gets us freedom from the corrupt politicians who are not politicians in fact but feudal lords and businessmen and have taken control of the country on the name of democracy. First they ruled in villages which was not as dangerous, but now ruling even the educated lot and have destroyed the whole infrastructure of the country because of their inefficiency.

A J Khan May 05, 2014 01:40pm

Power Politics is too cruel. Jinnah's family was always used by the politicians for furthering their political agendas. Liaqat Ali Khan abandoned his leader similarly Fatima Jinnah was used by politicians against Ayub as a bait, other wise COP was the strangest alliance of Pakistan & they would have ripped apart each other had they come to power.

Lt Col Imtiaz Alam (retd) May 05, 2014 02:44pm

It is sad to read about Miss Jinnah's rantings. This all comes from the frustration of not being selected as Governor General of Pakistan after the death of Mr.Jinnah. She stayed on at the GG's House for two weeks expecting to be named as the next Governor General but a more consensus candidate was found in Mr.Khawaja Nazimuddin from the former E.Pak.She was sure that she will be picked for the job. Some facts as narrated by the late Brig N.A.Husain who was ADC to the Quaid in Ziarat and flew in with him from Quetta is that at that time the best available Ambulance was sent to bring in Mr.Jinnah. He did not expire on the road but in the Governor General's House in Karachi. All other related stores are nonsense. The others who ascribe to such theories are just playing to their Gallery. It is high time we move ahead to built a Pakistan as foreseen by Jinnah

Parvez May 05, 2014 03:07pm

At birth the country was named Pakistan........soon after, it lost its leader and its name. Today we are known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and we are that much the poorer for it because we are anything but Islamic and we are a Republic only in name.......... as the people do not matter.

hussain May 05, 2014 03:19pm

Modoodi or AAmiron ka Pakistan mubarak HO! and RIP Pakistan of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah, Mohammad Ali Jinnah and every humble person who sought a humane pakistan...

haris May 05, 2014 05:26pm

thanks for writing this piece. I would appreciate if NFP or someone else could share how Ghulam Dastagir (father of state minister Khurram Dastagir and fervent supporter of Ayub Khan) vilified Fatima Bhutto after she lost the election against Ayub Khan. his act was so shameful that it made me cry whenever I see remember the incident. hint: her election symbol was Lantern

anwar khushab May 05, 2014 05:32pm

Is there any evidence that Miss Jinnah was murdered, or is Dawn simply indulging in Pakistan's favorite pastime, i.e., retelling conspiracy theories? Miss Jinnah had played her innings, and we should applaud her for it. By the time she died, she had no political following; it would be pointless to murder her.

anwar khushab May 05, 2014 05:41pm

@Zak I agree with everything you say, except that East Pakistan would not have left us if Jinnah had been alive. In fact, it was Jinnah who added fuel to the linguistic fires when he announced in Dacca that "Urdu and Urdu alone will be the language of Pakistan." Urdu was spoken by a minority of the country (according to the 1951 population census, not even in the rural parts of the Punjab, Sindh, NWFP, or Balochistan) Bengali by an overwhelming majority. What kind of a democracy would impose the language of a small urban minority on the vast majority of the population? The sensible solution would have been two official languages, as for example in Canada, Switzerland and Belgium. Incidentally, I am an Urdu speaker through and through, but I value truth in history.

Ghazala May 05, 2014 09:32pm

Thank you for this NFP. I have fond memories of Miss Jinnah when she campaigned in the former East Pakistan during the Presidential Elections of 1964/ 65. My late father, a member of the Council Muslim League was the Treasurer of the COP so we had ocassion to witness events closely. To say that she was received enthusiastically would be an understatent.She was a Rock Star. Wherever she travelled, the crowds came in hundreds of thousands. Unfortunately her 'defeat' was the last straw for East Pakistan. Then came the 1965 War with India when the East was left completely isolated and undefended. Is it any wonder that Sheikh Mujibur Rahman presented his 6 point demand for complete Autonomy the following year? Incidentally, Sheikh Mujib's Awam League was one of the five parties that made up the COP... and he was Miss Jinnah's Election Agent. Thanks again for remembering one courageous lady.

someone May 06, 2014 12:44am

@Zak What were the britishers supposed to do? There was not enough man power to control thousands of mindless people. Yes, they could have ordered shoot at site, but that could have resulted into more bloodshed.

someone May 06, 2014 12:48am

@Zak yeah so only Muslims were killed by Sikhs and Hindus while the Hindus and Sikhs from Pakistan were sent with trains full of Flowers. I wonder where are these book publish where you get your history lessons? Hmm Mr. Zaid Hamid's printing press?

Rahul May 06, 2014 01:46am

Good to see Pakistan coming to terms with some of it's history.

Sameer H. May 06, 2014 09:24am

@Lt Col Imtiaz Alam (retd) You need to prove your comments you are attributing to the ADC of the Quaid about the ambulance and that he died in the GG House in Karachi and not on the road side near Quetta? Can you backup your comments with solid evidence regarding this matter otherwise you are merely an agent of total misinformation and are distorting widely accepted historical facts?

Goga Nalaik May 06, 2014 12:37pm

Very informative and very well documented article as usual by NFP. Thank you Sir!

What we did to Begum Jinnah makes me terribly sad but it doesn

Mustafa May 06, 2014 01:37pm

@Rani Sharma

Sour grapes. The Brahmin never gives up territory by choice.

Mustafa May 06, 2014 01:40pm

Seven decades hence a man rises to prove Jinnah's Two-Nation theory,Narinder Modi. Secularism anyone?

Amin May 06, 2014 03:06pm

@ Rahul who wrote ' good to see Pakistanis coming to terms with their history'

It would be helpful if Indians too came to terms with their distorted history particularly in regard to Muslims.

Zak May 06, 2014 03:16pm

@someone no Indian ones. Yes there were retaliatory killings in Pakistan of Sikhs and HIndus, which were not acceptable, however they were minuscule to the genocide inflicted on Muslims everywhere, those coming to Pakistan and those who stayed behind.

Usman Umer Siddiqui May 06, 2014 04:59pm

@anwar khushab My dear it is true Urdu is the language of minority but this is also the fact that it is the only language widely understand from IRAN to Nepal so considering it the language of communication Quid's Decision was quite logical.... Quid-e-Azam Zinda Baad....

Ram May 06, 2014 08:23pm

Can someone answer my question does anyone think Jinnah and Fatima Jinnah was used by Landlords and feudal to keep their landlords once Pakistan was created, Jinnah or Fatima Jinnah never played any significant role.

The untimely death of Jinnah turned to be the biggest tragedy for Pakistan but How come there was no one who could implement his policies

John May 07, 2014 07:45am

Great revelation - Mr. Jinnah knew that the people he fought for and created a nation for were not what he had expected.

P.Mishra May 07, 2014 09:25am

@Zak Pleas read "Freedom at mid night" by Larry Lollins. You will get a very clear picture about what are the facts that led to creation of Pakistan ( I think this book is banned in Pakistan, You also read " A train to Pakistan" authored by late Khuswant Singh who put all his effort to get better treatment for Pakistan solders captured by Indian army in 1971 war. He has written " In the summer of 1947 Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims chopped each other with un equal zeal, though both sides blamed another for it. You want to know the reason of the genocide pleas click google " Direct action" you will see when and how it started in Calcatta( Now Kolkatta). Like you I also thought that Hindus and Sikhs were butchered In Pakistan. After going through these books I came to know about the barbarity shown in this side also. Dear friend pleas read facts described by both side to get the un biased view.

Syed May 07, 2014 10:14am

Sadly not much has changed since the formation of Pakistan. Our ruling elite continues to suck dry the population of Pakistan regardless of religion. We as Pakistanis have become utterly callous to the plight of our fellow man, it isn't the surprise our country is in the state it is. This is a state where oil from chicken guts is fed to people knowing full well its poison, this is state where the basic necessities of life can kill you.

Pakistan doesn't need democracy we fail at democracy, what Pakistan needs is anti hero someone who will wipe the slate clean. Sadly this will never happen because it remains firmly in the realm of fantasy along with truth, justice and all the virtues that we have forgotten.

taffazull May 07, 2014 11:52am

In the version of the book that is available on the internet as a free pdf download( apparently co-authored by Allana) I did not find any mention of the censoring of his speech or betrayal by his companions.I wonder if the free ebook is an edited or doctored version. The editor claims that he has only removed one controversial paragraph from the document. More light on this would be welcome.

Amir Ranjha May 07, 2014 01:57pm

This write-up answer the question that why Pakistan lags behind India and China despite being established at the same time.A nation who maltreats her founding father does not deserve respect and progress.It pains me to read that Quaid-e-Azam was betrayed by his colleagues.Our leaders should learn from the past mistakes.I recommend that a judicial commission should be appointed to inquire into the death of Miss Fatima Jinnah and her great brother.

Waseem May 07, 2014 02:04pm

@Vish What you mentioned are either whitewash on ugly sectarian face of Indians or just driven by money. Proofs of intolerant majority: 1- Muslims banned from buying houses in housing socieitiees, this includes so called successful public figures who are Muslims only by name 2- Babri Mosque demolished, and courts are scare of a decision after a 100 years of litigation and hearing 3- Butcher of Gujrat going to be next PM of the country 4- 200m Muslims are on the lowest of living standards in India 5-just last week 30 Muslims killed in Assam while affecttees of Muzaffarnagar are still in camps 6- I am not mentioning Kashmir to not to touch your sensitive nerves.

imran May 08, 2014 02:58pm

I heard Mr Jinnah's daughter lived in USA and she never come to the country which her father worked so hard to build. Nor any Pakistan Govt paid any regard to her, I wonder why is that..

AHA May 08, 2014 03:40pm

@Wasim Khan - Pakistan died with Jinnah. We have been fooling ourselves since 1948 - and as is so obvious, have been paying a heavy price ever since.

AHA May 08, 2014 09:32pm

@Masood Haider True. "Objectives Resolution" killed the Pakistan of Jinnah.