4000 BCE: Phoenicians and Egyptians sail under cloth sails on single log and simple long narrow sailboats.

3000 BCE: 900: Square sails are common

2000 BCE: Extensive sailing trading networks starts at the Mediterranean Sea. Ice boats in Scandinavia.

1200 BCE: Greek and Phoenician big cargo ships along the Mediterranean

500 BCE: Phoenicians built ships with two big masts

100 BCE: The Roman Empire has largest cargo and passenger ships of 180 by 45 feet.

400s: First catamarans along the Southeast Asian coasts.

900: Lanteen and triangle sails are used.

1000-1200: The Vikings built 80 feet long and 17 feet wide sailboats for war, trading and colonising.

1000: Norse explorer Leif Eiriksson probably the first European to land in North America. The first of the great explorations in this sailboat history timeline.

1200: First Viking longboats and British merchant sailboats are made with small wholes from which bowmen could fire their guns.

15th century: The Barque or later Bark with sails running breadthways

1500-1650: Sailmakers start using flax fibre to create sails.

1660: King Charles II introduces sport sailing in England. Dutch shipyards give British King Charles a small sailboat, named the Royal Yacht Mary

1680: The Barca-longa two or three-masted lugger in Spain, Portugal and in the Mediterranean Sea.

17th century: The Bermuda rig or Marconi rig with mast and rigging is created in Bermuda.

1720: World’s first yachting club founded in Ireland, the Water Club of Cork.

1790: First iceboat at the Hudson River in New York.

1797: Edmund Hartt Shipyard launches the USS Constitution, a three-masted heavy wooden frigate of the US Navy.

1800: Barquentine vessels with three or more masts are built.

1863: The Star of India is built as a fully square-rigged ship.

1900: Sailing becomes an Olympic sport in Paris.

1920: First aerodynamics designs for increasing speed.

1949: The Optimist Dinghy is introduced by Clark Mills.

1960: German engineer Wilhelm Pröls invents the Dynaship or Dyna Rigg concept. The 12-foot Aqua Cats is created by Art Javes.

1976: The J-24 is presented by Rodney Johnstone and the Toulon dockyard in France constructs the Phocea, world’s largest sailing yacht till 2004.

1977: The Freedom 40 is launched by Gary Hoyt.

2000: The steel-hulled five-masted full-rigged tall cruise ship Royal Clipper is constructed by Zygmunt Choren. According to the Guinness World Records book the Preussen is the largest square rigged ship. The three mast full-rigged clipper Stad Amsterdam is built by Gerard Dijkstra in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

2004: Royal Huisman Shipyard the clipper-bowed three-masted gaff-rigged luxury sailing yacht Athena. The largest yacht in sailboat history.

— Compiled by The Surfer

Opinion

Hoping for miracles
Updated 26 Sep 2021

Hoping for miracles

Pakistan will be exposed to international recrimination if the Taliban revert to their old ways.

Editorial

Updated 26 Sep 2021

Intransigent Taliban

PRIME MINISTER Imran Khan has delivered an effective speech at the UN General Assembly session detailing the salient...
26 Sep 2021

Deadly misinformation

THE distinction between ‘fake’ and ‘authentic’ news is now a concept impossible to escape. In an...
26 Sep 2021

Covid arrests

THE unilateral decision taken by Karachi’s East Zone police to arrest citizens without Covid vaccination cards ...
25 Sep 2021

NAB controversy

THE completion of the four-year term of NAB chairman Javed Iqbal early next month has afforded Prime Minister Imran...
Cabinet ‘inclusivity’
Updated 25 Sep 2021

Cabinet ‘inclusivity’

Voices are being raised questioning when the much-hyped inclusivity the group had talked about will materialise.
25 Sep 2021

Quorum malady

LACK of quorum has become a chronic problem for the present National Assembly which is in the process of becoming a...