US warns Turkiye on exports seen to boost Russia’s war effort

Published February 5, 2023
Flags of Turkey, Russia, the United Nations and Ukraine are seen on the day of a signing ceremony in Istanbul, Turkey July 22, 2022. — Reuters
Flags of Turkey, Russia, the United Nations and Ukraine are seen on the day of a signing ceremony in Istanbul, Turkey July 22, 2022. — Reuters

ISTANBUL: The United States warned Turkiye in recent days about the export to Russia of chemicals, microchips and other products that can be used in Moscow’s war effort in Ukraine, and it could move to punish Turkish companies or banks contravening sanctions.

Brian Nelson, the US Treasury Department’s top sanctions official, visited Turkish government and private sector officials on Thursday and Friday to urge more cooperation in disrupting the flow of such goods.

In a speech to bankers, Nelson said a marked year-long rise in exports to Russia leaves Turkish entities “particularly vulnerable to reputational and sanctions risks”, or lost access to G7 markets.

They should “take extra precaution to avoid transactions related to potential dual-use technology transfers that could be used by the Russian military-industrial complex,” he said in a copy of the speech issued by the Treasury.

In the meetings in Ankara and Istanbul, Nelson and a delegation highlighted tens of millions of dollars of exports to Russia that raised concerns, according to a senior US official.

“There is no surprise...that Russia is actively looking to leverage the historic economic ties it has in Turkiye,” the official said. “The question is what is the Turkish response going to be.” Nato member Ankara opposes the sweeping sanctions on Russia on principle but says they will not be circumvented in Turkiye, urging the West to provide any evidence.

Western nations applied the export controls and sanctions after Moscow’s invasion nearly a year ago. Yet supply channels have remained open from Hong Kong, Turkiye and other trading hubs.

Citing Russian customs records, this news agency reported in December that at least $2.6 billion of computer and other electronic components flowed into Russia in the seven months to Oct 31. At least $777 million of these products were made by Western firms whose chips have been found in Russian weapons systems.

Ankara has balanced its good ties with both Moscow and Kyiv throughout the war, held early talks between the sides and also helped broker a deal for grain shipments from Ukraine.

The trip by Nelson, the Treasury’s undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, is the latest to Turkiye by senior US officials aiming to ramp up pressure on Ankara to ensure enforcement of US curbs on Russia. The pressure has brought some changes.

Turkiye’s largest ground-service provider, Havas, told Russian and Belarusian airlines it may stop providing parts, fuel and other services to their US-origin aircraft, in line with Western bans.

In September, five Turkish banks suspended use of the Russian Mir payment system after the US Treasury targeted the head of the system’s operator with new sanctions and warned those helping Moscow against skirting them.

Nelson urged the Turkish bankers to conduct enhanced due diligence on Russian-related transactions, and noted in the speech that Russian oligarchs continue to buy property and dock yachts in Turkiye.

In separate talks with Turkish firms, Nelson “urgently” flagged the way Russia is believed to be dodging Western controls to re-supply plastics, rubber and semi-conductors found in exported goods and used by the military, the official said.

Published in Dawn, February 5th, 2023

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