What is the ‘Delta plus’ variant of the coronavirus?

Published October 22, 2021
The "Delta plus" variant was  identified by British scientists last month. — Reuters/File
The "Delta plus" variant was identified by British scientists last month. — Reuters/File

The "Delta plus" variant is a relative of the Delta variant, identified by British scientists last month.

Because it isn’t a variant of interest or concern, it has not yet been officially named after a letter of the Greek alphabet, like other worrisome variants.

Scientists are monitoring the Delta-related variant — known as AY.4.2. — to see if it might spread more easily or be more deadly than previous versions of the coronavirus. In a recent report, United Kingdom officials said this variant makes up six per cent of all analysed Covid-19 cases in the country and is “on an increasing trajectory.”

The variant has two mutations in the spike protein, which helps the coronavirus invade the body’s cells. These changes have also been seen in other versions of the virus since the pandemic started, but haven’t gone very far, said Francois Balloux, director of the Genetics Institute at University College London.

The Delta variant remains “by far the most dominant variant in terms of global circulation” said Maria Van Kerkhove, the World Health Organisation’s technical lead on Covid-19, at a public session this week.

“Delta is dominant, but Delta is evolving,” she said, adding that the more the virus circulates, the greater chances it has to mutate.

The UN health agency is currently tracking 20 variations of the Delta variant. The AY.4.2 is “one to watch because we have to continuously keep an eye on how this virus is changing,” said Van Kerkhove.

In the US, the Delta variant accounts for nearly all Covid-19 cases. The newer "Delta plus" variant has been spotted on occasion, but it’s not yet a concern, health officials said.

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