Afghans must decide their own future, says Biden

Published July 9, 2021
President Joe Biden on Thursday defended his decision to pull US forces out of Afghanistan. — Reuters
President Joe Biden on Thursday defended his decision to pull US forces out of Afghanistan. — Reuters

WASHINGTON: President Joe Biden on Thursday defended his decision to pull US forces out of Afghanistan, saying the Afghan people must decide their own future, rather than sacrificing another generation of Americans in an unwinnable war.

Speaking in the White House, Biden said the Afghan military has the ability to repel the Taliban, whose major advances in recent weeks have raised fears the country will slide into civil war.

Biden set a target date of Aug 31 for the final withdrawal of US forces, minus about 650 troops to provide security for the embassy in Kabul.

A long-time sceptic of the 20-year military presence there, Biden said the United States had long ago achieved its original rationale for invading the country in 2001: to root out Al Qaeda and prevent another attack on the United States like the one launched on Sept11, 2001.

US pullout to be over on Aug 31

“We achieved those objectives, that’s why we went. We did not go to Afghanistan to nation build. And it’s the right and the responsibility of the Afghan people alone to decide their future and how they want to run their country,” he said.

Biden called on countries in the region to help bring about an elusive political settlement between the warring parties. He said the Afghan government should seek a deal with the Taliban to allow them to coexist peacefully.

He said the “only way there’s going to be peace and security in Afghanistan is if they work out a modus vivendi with the Taliban...And the likelihood there’s going to be one unified government in Afghanistan controlling the whole country is highly unlikely.”

The speech represented Biden’s most extensive comments to date about the US withdrawal from Afghanistan under pressure from critics to give more explanation for his decision to withdraw.

Biden said US plans to move thousands of Afghan interpreters out of the country in anticipation of the end of the military mission in the country.

They will be moved to third countries and can apply for US visas to enter the United States, he said. Locations are still being worked out. Guam, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates are possible locations, a senior administration official said.

The United States last weekend abandoned Bagram air base, a long-time staging ground for military operations in the country, effectively ending America’s longest war. The Pentagon says the withdrawal of US forces is 90% complete.

Washington agreed to withdraw in a deal negotiated last year under Biden’s Republican predecessor, Donald Trump. Biden overruled military leaders who wanted to keep a larger presence to assist Afghan security forces and prevent Afghanistan from becoming a staging ground for extremist groups. The commander of US troops in Afghanistan, Gen Austin Miller, warned last week that the country may be headed toward a civil war.

Published in Dawn, July 9th, 2021

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