The ruling Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) has finalised the names of most of its nominees for the upcoming Senate election, Minister for Science and Technology Fawad Chaudhry said on Friday.
The list of candidates also includes Finance Minister Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh — who will contest for a seat from Islamabad — and Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Poverty Alleviation Dr Sania Nishtar, one of the nominees from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Shaikh, who is not a member of Parliament, was previously an adviser to the premier on finance and was appointed as finance minister in December last year. However, as per Article 91 (9) of the Constitution, he cannot remain a minister for more than six months until he is elected to one of the houses. Thus he must be elected to the Senate this time around in order to continue as the finance minister after June.
Nishtar, who is part of the PM's cabinet as a special assistant, is also not a member of Parliament and therefore ineligible to hold the position of a minister.
Faisal Vawda, the federal minister for water resources, is also amongst the list of nominees. He will be contesting on a seat allocated for Sindh, Chaudhry said.
Here is a complete list of the nominated candidates who have been announced so far, and the seats they will be contesting for:
Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh: Islamabad
Fauzia Arshad: Islamabad
Faisal Vawda: Sindh
Saifullah Niazi: Punjab
Dr Zarqa: Punjab
Barrister Ali Zafar: Punjab
Abdul Qadir: Balochostan
Shibli Faraz: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Mohsin Azeez: KP
Dost Mohammad: KP
Sania Nishtar: KP
Saifullah Abro: technocrat
The names of other nominees will be announced later, Chaudhry said in his Twitter post.
PPP releases list of nominees
Meanwhile, the PPP also released its list of nominees for the Senate Polls in a statement.
The complete list of the nominated candidates, and the seats they will be contesting for is as follows:
- Jam Mehtab Dahar: Sindh
- Taj Haider: Sindh
- Saleem Mandviwalla: Sindh
- Sherry Rehman: Sindh
- Shahadat Awan: Sindh/technocrat
- Azeem-ul-Haq Minhas: Punjab
- Farhatullah Babar: KP (proposed joint candidate with PDM)
- Yousuf Raza Gilani: Islamabad (proposed joint candidate with PDM)
- Palwasha Khan: women
- Khairunisa Mughal: women
- Rukhsana Shah: women
- Farooq H Naek: technocrat
- Dr Karim Khawaja: technocrat
PML-N Information Secretary Marriyum Aurangzeb also announced the names of the PML-N's five candidates for the upcoming Senate elections in a statement on Twitter.
The statement said the local chapter of KP will later decide to nominate candidates for the Senate from the province.
The complete list of the nominated candidates, and the seats they will be contesting for as decided by the parliamentary board of the PML-N is as follows:
- Pervez Rashid: Punjab
- Mushahidullah Khan: Punjab
- Prof Sajid Mir: Punjab
- Barrister Sadia Abbasi: women
- Advocate Azam Nazir Tarar: technocrat
The Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam (Fazl) also announced its nominees from KP and Balochistan.
The complete list of the nominated candidates, and the seats they will be contesting for, according to JUI-F spokesman Aslam Ghauri, is as follows:
- Maulana Attaur Rahman: KP
- Tariq Khattak: KP
- Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haideri: Balochistan
- Khalil Ahmed Buledi: Balochistan
- Naeema Kishore: women
- Asiya Nasir: women
- Zubair Ali: technocrat
- Kamran Murtaza: technocrat
- Ranjit Singh: minority
- Hemant Das: minority
Charged political climate
The Senate elections will held on March 3, according to a notification from the Election Commission of Pakistan. Candidates for the polls are to file their nomination papers with the returning officer between February 12-13.
The Senate polls will take place in a highly charged political climate, with the opposition parties vowing to overthrow the government while the ruling PTI pushes for electoral reforms that would enable show of hands during the upper house's ballots.
In its bid to hold open voting, the government has filed a reference with the Supreme Court, asking for its interpretation of Article 226 of the Constitution – specifically whether secret balloting as referred to in the relevant article applied to the Senate election.
In the mean time, however, the government also promulgated an ordinance to mandate voting in Senate polls by show of hands through amendments to the Election Act, 2017. Even though the ordinance says it has come into force at once, another provision of the ordinance says its application is conditional on the Supreme Court's advisory opinion in the said reference.
If the SC interprets secret balloting referred to in Article 226 to also include Senate elections, then the ordinance will not hold since a constitutional amendment, which requires a two-thirds majority in Parliament, will be required to hold Senate polls through open vote, according to Dr Babar Awan, an adviser to the prime minister.
A government bid to introduce a bill in this regard has already failed in the National Assembly.
As many as 52 senators are set to retire — 50 per cent of the 104-member house — on March 11 after completing their six-year tenure. However, this time there will be no polling for the four seats of the erstwhile Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) after its merger with the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
Therefore, polling will be held to elect 48 senators — 12 each from KP and Balochistan, 11 each from Punjab and Sindh and two from Islamabad. Polling will be held to elect seven members on general seats, two women and two technocrats in the four provinces. Besides this, the election on one minority seat each in KP and Balochistan will also be conducted.
The ruling party is set to become the single largest party in the Senate after the upcoming elections, but it will certainly not be able to gain control of the upper house of the Parliament and will still have to rely on its allies and opposition parties even for carrying out simple legislation.