MOSCOW: Russia said on Tuesday that the Taliban had accepted an invitation for talks next month, in what promises to be one of the insurgent group’s biggest diplomatic forays since the 2001 US-led invasion.

The announcement of the planned talks comes as the Taliban have expanded their footprint across Afghanistan and launched an unrelenting wave of attacks, including a prolonged assault on Ghazni, a strategic city near Kabul, earlier this month.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said Moscow invited the Taliban to the Sept 4 talks and was hoping for “productive” negotiations. “The first reaction was positive, they are planning to take part in the meeting,” he added.

There was no immediate comment from the Taliban.

Representatives of Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, Iran and India will participate in Sept 4 meeting; US also invited

Mr Lavrov reaffirmed that Russia’s contacts with the Taliban aimed to ensure the safety of Russian citizens in Afghanistan and encourage the insurgents to abandon hostilities and engage in a dialogue with the government.

He rejected claims by the Afghan government that Russia is hoping to use the Taliban to combat the militant Islamic State group. An IS affiliate in Afghanistan has staged several devastating attacks in recent years and has repeatedly clashed with the Taliban. The IS branch is seen as particularly threatening to Russia because it includes a large number of battle-hardened Uzbek militants.

“I can’t even hypothetically imagine how Russia could use the Taliban for fighting the IS,” Mr Lavrov said at a news conference. “We fight the IS with all means available, we support Syria in that struggle, we help equip the Iraqi army for the same goal and we naturally would like to see the people of Afghanistan getting rid of the IS.”

In a separate statement, the Russian foreign ministry strongly criticised the claim, made by Afghan Ambassador Abdul Qayyum Kochai, saying it’s based on “insinuations” and “completely distorts the meaning of Russia’s policy on Afghanistan”. “It’s deplorable that instead of helping maintain partnership and mutual trust between Russia and Afghanistan, the Afghan ambassador has taken steps leading in the opposite direction,” the ministry said.

It hailed the Afghan government’s offer of a holiday ceasefire, saying that the Taliban’s apparent rejection of it is regrettable.

The ministry said the Sept 4 talks in Moscow would include representatives of Russia, Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, Iran and India, and were intended to “help advance the process of national reconciliation in Afgha­nistan and establish peace in the country as soon as possible”. It said other countries, including the United States, have also been invited to attend.

The Taliban have raised their diplomatic profile in recent weeks by sending official delegations to Uzbekistan and Indonesia, and say they held talks with a senior US diplomat in Qatar earlier this month. The group has refused direct talks with the Afghan government, which it views as a US puppet, saying it will only negotiate the end of the 17-year war directly with Washington.

Russian President Vladimir Putin supported the US invasion of Afghanistan after the Sept 11 attacks and the deployment of US forces to former Soviet states in Central Asia. But Moscow has grown increasingly critical of US actions as relations with Washington have soured in recent years, and is stepping up its own diplomatic outreach across the region.

Published in Dawn, August 22nd, 2018

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