THE names of Nobel Laureates are as follows:

  1. Rudyard Kipling for Literature in 1907.He won his prize for writing ‘Kim’.

The cannon on The Mall in front of the Lahore Museum is also called Kim.

Kipling lived in Lahore. He edited the Civil & Military Gazette. The newspaper lasted until the 1950s.

  1. Arthur Holly Comptonfor Physics in 1927. He worked in the University of Punjab, Chemistry Department. He won his prize for founding a new branch in Chemistry called Magnetochemistry.

  2. Har Gobind Khorana for Genetics in 1968. He was born in Raipur village, now Lahore, during the British Raj. He did his MSc from Punjab University, Lahore, in 1945 and joined University of Liverpool the same year.

  3. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar for Physics in 1983. He was born in Lahore.

His father was an engineer in the Railways workshop in Moghalpura, Lahore.

He was educated in Government College where he later lectured. He moved to the US in 1947. He won his prize for discovering the black hole in space.

There is a telescope named after him in space called Chandra.

  1. Abdus Salam for Physics in 1979. He was born in Jhang. He always topped in his class and was a professor in Govenment College, Lahore. He won his prize for Unified Field Theory. He said that light, magnetism, gravity, heat and energy are the one and same thing and can be transferred from one to the other. He founded the International Institute of Theoretical Physics at Triest, Italy, which was later named after him being called Abdus Salam International Institute of Theoretical Physics.

Which other city in the world can boast of five Nobel Laureates? So, Malala is the sixth Nobel Laureate from Pakistan.

Dr S.M. Ismail

Karachi

Published in Dawn, October 15th , 2014

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