KARGIL: Narendra Modi accused Pakistan of waging a proxy war in Kashmir on Tuesday as he became the first Indian prime minister to visit the town of Kargil since more than 1,000 died in a battle fought there 15 years ago.

Modi landed in the remote Himalayan town a day after India and Pakistan traded accusations of ceasefire violations on their disputed border.

According to NDTV, Modi said Pakistan "has lost the strength to fight a conventional war, but continues to engage in the proxy war of terrorism".

He is the first Indian leader to visit the highly sensitive area since a 1999 Pakistan army incursion triggered a conflict between the two countries. Since then, India has maintained a heavy military presence in Muslim-majority Kargil, in the remote mountainous region of Ladakh.

During the visit, Modi is expected to inaugurate two hydro power stations in nearby Leh and Kargil. The incident comes days after Pakistan returned an Indian Border Security Force (BSF) soldier as a good will gesture. The next day, the authorities in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) received the body of a villager killed by Indian troops along the Line of Control (LoC).

But a reporter at the scene said there were few soldiers in evidence as the town readied for the arrival of the prime minister, who was due to address troops and open a new hydropower project there.

Kargil, which has a population of just 20,000 and is often cut off in winter, was decked out with flags from Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and around 5,000 local people had gathered to listen to the prime minister speak.

Speaking earlier on Tuesday to soldiers in Leh, capital of the Ladakh region, where he stopped en route, Modi condemned what he called a “proxy war by Pakistan” and said troops were “suffering more casualties from terrorism than from war”, according to the government's Press Information Bureau.

Modi, a hardline Hindu nationalist, also pledged to build new roads and develop tourism in the restive Muslim-majority state, where poverty and underdevelopment have exacerbated anti-government sentiment.

“There was a time when prime ministers never visited the state. I have come here two times already,” said the prime minister, who was decked out in a traditional Ladakhi gold-coloured robe and hat for the occasion.

“We want to make jobs available for the youth. We want educational institutions for the youth... The government is committed to developing tourism in this region. “

Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan, which both claim the region in full but administer separate partial areas.

Ajai Sahni, executive director at the Institute of Conflict Management think tank, said Modi's visit was an “important first step towards bringing these areas back to the centre of national and strategic consciousness”.

“This government's initiative in the region will gradually shift the power equation in favour of India over Pakistan as people in the region become more integrated (with India) with development and progress,” he told AFP.

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