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Modi and democracy

Published Sep 21, 2013 07:03am


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THE Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) nomination on Sept 13 of Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi as its prime ministerial candidate for the 2014 general elections caused little surprise.

The sole dissenter was L.K. Advani who was embittered by the party’s defeat in two successive elections in 2004 and 2009 which proved a fatal blow to his own long nursed prime ministerial ambitions.

In 1984, the BJP won a humiliating two seats in the Lok Sabha. In 1989 it bagged 85. Advani, having succeeded Atal Behari Vajpayee as BJP president in 1986, persuaded the party in 1989 to make Babri Masjid an issue in the election. His campaign culminated in the demolition of the mosque in 1992.

Advani moulded the political climate by espousing the ideology of Hindutva. He knew that he would not be accepted as prime minister and yielded the palm to Vajpayee in 1995. When his chance came in 2004 the people snubbed him. All his supporters deserted him and rushed to support Modi’s anointment. They had no choice. They all dread the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh’s (RSS) wrath. Its cadres run the organisation and its supremo, Mohan Bhagwat, lays down the law on crucial issues.

Narendra Modi is quintessentially an RSS man having joined it when he was in his teens. The least educated among the BJP leaders, Modi formally joined the RSS in 1971 where he soon made a mark for his exceptional skills as an organiser. He was an Advani favourite and it was Advani who saved his bacon after the massacre of Muslims in Ahmedabad in 2002 when Vajpayee was for sacking Modi as chief minister of Gujarat at the time.

Modi has never looked back. He spread the myth of ‘development in Gujarat’, won the support of India’s big business and industrialists, and acquired a reputation as a ‘strongman’. Within the state, he decimated all rivals and demoralised the civil service and the police.

There are some, even within the RSS, who look askance at his highly personalised style of politics; ruthlessness; intolerance of dissent; and proneness to shoot from the hip. But he is a first-rate campaigner and an ardent champion of the RSS’ Hindutva ideology in its most extreme form.

His image was not improved when the Supreme Court transferred some of the more important riot cases out of the state with an unflattering but highly significant mention of Nero. There have been scores of ‘encounters’ by the state police and charges galore of complicity by some in the government.

Some in the BJP will rue the day they extended their support to him. He is certain to personalise the election campaign. He will wage the campaign with no holds barred, presenting himself as Hindutva’s mascot defending the country against its enemies within and without.

On Sept 15, a mere two days after his coronation, Modi addressed a massive gathering of ex-servicemen. A former army chief, retired Gen V. K. Singh was present on the dais. “We need to change the government in Delhi as the solution lies in the hands of the centre. We need a strong, patriotic government to ensure the safety of our soldiers and sovereignty of our nation.” With these remarks, Modi let loose a tirade against Pakistan.

He will be tested next November when elections are held to the assemblies of four states — Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Delhi and Chhattisgarh. Madhya Pradesh has a BJP ministry headed by the mild-mannered Shivraj Singh Chouhan whom Advani had sought to build up as an alternative to Modi. Chouhan was among the last to switch loyalty to Modi. In all probability he will return to power; the only question is the size of the majority he acquires.

Rajasthan has a Congress ministry which a strong BJP opposition is trying to remove. Modi is certain to pitch in here with all his skills and ferocity. Chhattisgarh is not that important but Delhi, the capital, is. Chief Minister Sheila Dixit faces a serious challenge.

These polls will provide a trailer for the general elections next year. But of far greater consequence is the future of India’s democracy and its credo of secularism when a major opposition party is led by a figure as divisive as Modi.

Advani once foresaw the effect of a narrow ideology on the electorate. In an interview ironically to the RSS organ Panchjanya, in late 1980, he said: “In India a party based on ideology can at the most come to power in a small area. It cannot win the confidence of the entire country — neither the Communist Party nor the Jan Sangh in its original form. The Jan Sangh was initially built as a party based on ideology but slowly it departed from that course. The appeal increased to the extent the ideology got diluted. Wherever the ideology was strong, its appeal diminished.”

But a decade later, he championed the ideology of Hindutva and succeeded in propelling the BJP to power. If Modi follows suit, how far will he succeed?

There is another aspect to this. A democracy rests on a national consensus. It was bad enough that from 1980 onwards the BJP went as far as it did in wrecking the consensus.

Balfour wisely warned against this danger: “Let the political parties be reduced to two (admittedly the most convenient number for cabinet government), but let the chasm dividing them be so profound that a change of administration would in fact be a revolution disguised under a constitutional procedure”.

That would be enough to wreck parliamentary democracy. The peril acquires added menace if the challenge to the system is posed by a political party wedded to the cult of hate.

The writer is an author and a lawyer based in Mumbai.

The views expressed by this writer and commenters below do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Dawn Media Group.

Comments (41) Closed

Victor Sep 21, 2013 07:34am

"......But of far greater consequence is the future of India

anky Sep 21, 2013 10:08am

funny ,...for once , i felt reading ndtv ,cnn ibn etc article which v indian know are paid stooges of congress,,,dawn has just entered the category

inder Sep 21, 2013 10:11am

Typical sub-continental muzzi rant

Omdevsinh Gohil Sep 21, 2013 10:17am

A majority of Indians know Modi in and out and would never subscribe to his ideology. But the problem is the present Government has done blunders of no similar precedence. And that is what anti-incumbency factor is all about. So sadly I see him winning though its absolutely thin advantage. Good Day! Peace!

AJD Sep 21, 2013 10:22am

"....With these remarks, Modi let loose a tirade against Pakistan." Really? Modi's complete speech in Rewari to the ex-servicemen is on You-tube. Almost every newspaper in India has given reports about the rally. Instead of letting loose a tirade against Pakistan, Mr Modi had offered a hand of friendship to Pakistan. He advised India & Pakistan to jointly fight poverty, instead of fighting against each other. He asked Pakistan to stop supporting terrorism for a decade and see how the country makes more progress in a decade, than it made in last 66 years.

It is a rumour spread by vested interests, pseudo-seculars & religious fanatics to project Mr Modi as a Hindu extremist. A majority of Christians like me support him & his party. Also, a sizable number of Muslims too support him. BJP was able to win a number of seats in the Muslim majority pockets in recent local municipality elections in Gujarat. In the state of MP (Bhopal), there are reports of more than 50000 Muslims & in Rajasthan (Jaipur), more than 25000 Muslims attending his election rally and cheering for him. We strongly believe that Mr Modi is the most secular politician in the country. If you blame a Chief Minister of Gujarat for murder of 700 Muslims in 2002, then you must blame Prime Minister of India (Rajiv Gandhi) for murder of 3000 Sikhs in 1984 and MA Jinnah for murder of 5 Million people in 1947 partition. It is absolutely ridiculous to blame Modi for the unfortunate events in Gujarat in 2002.

biswajit Sep 21, 2013 10:26am

Modi for PM!!!!

Irfan Sep 21, 2013 10:34am

I live and breath the air of Gujarat. Me being from minority, can say this CM has done much better than any of the earlier CMs. Yes, there are some lapses which we need to understand the concept of collateral damage. While building strong country there will be collateral damage. There are deaths of other community in the hands of our community as well. Is it good no, but that is the real life. If we do not have a strong man to put the things in place especially with law and order, our country will also end up like our neighboring country where we see the fate of the citizens.

K G Surendran Sep 21, 2013 12:47pm

The highly respected Mr. Noorani is jumping to conclusions that in a country as diverse as India and wedded to absolute democracy since Independence any political party can survive in government based on hate. Despite the fact that there are layers and angles to any discussion, Modi inspite of his shortcomings has been winning the last three elections in Gujarat on a development agenda, even getting support from sections of the minority community there and which is not induced by any coercion. Modi appears attractive to many Indians across the spectrum largely due to his success in Gujarat and partially due to the lack of leadership in the UPA2, hence he comes across as a bold and decisive leader. Criticism is welcome and necessary but when it is lop sided and lacks proper reasoning then it sounds hollow and best avoided as it serves no purpose. It would be foolhardy to assume that if Modi and BJP ascend power at the centre in the next elections minorities in India will be targeted, marginalised and banished. India's democracy and culture are too vibrant and strong that any party or coalition coming to power will have to recognize it. Furthermore the BJP state governments in Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh are expected to be voted back to power a third time (as per opinion polls) not because of Modi or hate but because of GOOD GOVERNANCE and that is what matters in a democracy.

Rani Sharma Sep 21, 2013 01:42pm

A G Noorani is a die hard Pakistani at heart.

Pakistan, please give him Pakistani citizenship and spare us his nonsense.

Bhasker Sep 21, 2013 01:49pm

Why should Noorani be bothered about what happens in India? If he's so concerened abt minorities, maybe he should look inwards and figure out why the Hindu population in Pakistan has dwindled to 2% from 25% just post-partition and why these still face persecution, forced conversions, kidnapping, murder till date. Classic case of the pot calling the kettle black.

NORI Sep 21, 2013 02:19pm

Dear Noorani, A couple of corrections. Modi is NOT the least educated person. He holds a Masters Degree in Political Science and that too 40 years ago when having a Bachelors degree was sufficient to consider one as highly educated.

Next, Gujarat riots saw the murder of both Hindus and Muslims. FYI, 250+ Hindus were killed (check wikipedia). If it's a state sponsored massacre, why would Hindus die considering that Hindus constitute majority of police and other armed forces ? So far, after 11 years, no court or commission has indicted that Modi acted like a Nero.

In fact, Modi's request for additional police forces to control the riots were turned down by his neighbour state governments - Maharastra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh - which were ruled by Congress party. See the below clip for getting the truth.

If development in Gujarat (24 hours electricity for even villages, good roads, new industries providing thousands of jobs etc) is a myth, then what about other states & India as a whole ? Don't cherry pick things. Indians such as you who feed incorrect data to Pakistanis are the biggest obstacles for peace between two countries.

Please publish as people deserve to know the facts.

shivansh Sep 21, 2013 02:50pm

We need to change the government in Delhi as the solution lies in the hands of the centre. We need a strong, patriotic government to ensure the safety of our soldiers and sovereignty of our nation.

Abhijit Sep 21, 2013 03:28pm

Look who is talking about development? Have u got any idea about it? And u r calling it myth?

Sonal Sep 21, 2013 04:44pm

The title of your article says a lot...

rs Sep 21, 2013 05:03pm

Infact hate mongers are people like Nooranis. Modi is uncorruptible and a proven administrator. People of the country (India) are fed up of corruption , bad governance, price raise, etc that they see in him as the only alternative. Nooranis may not like but county wants change.

Varntvar Sep 21, 2013 05:21pm

The ability of an individual to affect a system that has seen the ups and downs of 60 years is exaggerated by the author.

If Modi led BJP wins in 2014, it'd at best be looked at as a balancing reaction to 10 years of policy paralysis, by a self-correcting democracy; which I guess will reverse its mandate in 2019 if Modi tries to be too undemocratic. The Indian system is here to stay. Most left leaning secularists use such exaggerated dangers for opposing Modi. I'll be much more happier with a fact based opposition, which will make the debate much more rich and vibrant and help find a middle path.

kumar Sep 21, 2013 05:42pm

This article is full of assertions and claims without proof. There is mention of Hindutava many times without defining it. This word is used in reference to nationalism and not about religion. Critics of Moody use to paint him as communal. Gujrat has the best economy and development among all states. All big businesses such as Tata, Ambanis etc support Moody. Supreme Court and many committees have investigated Godra tragedy and none of them found Moody guilty of anything. India needs a strong, honest leader to put it back on path of growth and fight corruption. Moody lives modest life style and never been accused of any corruption.

prashant Sep 21, 2013 06:20pm

With due respect Mr Doorani,I read your article by surfing on google & stuck when i read modi name in pakistan newspaper.So i have an fair idea what you people talk about Mr Modi & my prediction was 100 % correct.I am just an youngster but you are a senior journalist so please dont be biased & be practical when you have a huge responsibilty to address your nation & the world.I have no problem what you think about RSS but i am very disappointed when you write GUJRAT DEVELOPMENT a 'MYTH'. Really i feel for you & laugh at your mentality, dnt care what you write about our country matter but mind my words that the whole GDP is more than your nation GDP & gujrat development is not a myth & indians are not fool as you continously making your own innocent people fools since 1947. JUST AN BIASED JOURNALIST. Hope you will think

prashant Sep 21, 2013 06:29pm

ohh came to know noorani is an india journalist. Dear sir really i am very upset with your views on indians specially in other nation newspaper.Atleast say truth about your country which give you bread & butter.Its very easy to say that journalism is my passion & i will say truth only. but this article is totally biased & according to you Modi didnt do anything to gujrat . Shame on you sir.

PATHANOO Sep 21, 2013 07:53pm

Narendra Modi is a risk worth taking if the country is to get off the dime.....of corruption, family Raj, incompetence and confused paralysis. Modi is a double edged sword which cuts both ways. The alternate is floundering paralysis and dithering future for India under the incompetent, scared of his own shadow - Princeling Rahul Gandhi.

Mahesh Sep 21, 2013 08:20pm

Author's bias against Hindus and India reflected once again here. What is case against Modi ? If his political rivals ruling India, could not get him convicted or even charge-sheeted, it means there is nothing against him. All India baiters hate him because he is decisive and a no non-sense administrator. They hate India being led by a strong personality. Muslims in general, and Islamists disguised as intellectuals and secularists, will not be able to hijack Indian polity as in the past. The point that all Modi supporters are not anti-muslims is lost on all Modi bashers. They continue their diatribe against Modi hurting sentiments of those fair-minded Indians who look at Modi as a challenge to the corrupt and inept leadership of ruling coalition. Modi's strength comes from failures of UPA Govt, not so called Hindutva.

Nabarun Dey Sep 21, 2013 08:31pm

It is amazing how articles on Indian politicians particularly Mr Modi is so popular on Pakistani paper like DAWN. It also indicates relevance of this man in international politics, leave aside domestic one. Mr Noorani is candid while suggesting 'challenge to the system is posed by a political party wedded to the cult of hate', yet he has to admit chief ministers of three Indian states ruled by the party independently(Modi included) are now poised for Hat trick. Indian secularism pills for last six decades has only helped develop communalism. Had it been a Hindu Rashtra with common code, communalism would have died its natural death. As regard to Modi's 'tirade against Pakistan' the writer conveniently missed Modi's reminder to Pakistan to get rid of terrorism a pre-requisite for development that eluded Pakistan so far.I am a firm believer that Modi will stabilise South Asia.

raza Sep 21, 2013 08:54pm

why there no explanation about term myth of

Chaman Sep 21, 2013 09:35pm

Good article. In my humble opinion parliamentary democracies have shown not to work well in our countries as the nations are not as homogenized, educated and civilized as yet as Britian. Also, the PM depends on his survival in power on the party members and officials of the party. This breeds favoritism and corruption. unless, the PM is strong with strong leadership qualities, he is bound to end up as weak in power and ineffective. What suits us is the presidential system where people know upfront who the person is who is going to lead the nation, his personality, his plans and views and understanding of the issues facing the people as well as the solutions he has to offer. Plus we lack separation of power between the branches of the government that can at times lead to conflict of interest and domination by one or the other group. Secondly, I believe that quite often it is the frustrations of people with the party in power that leads to emergence of alternate leaders. Modi's emergence on the political scene as a viable alternate leader is quite an appropriate example to prove that theory. Congress has marred their chances in the next election because of corruption and other scandals. Although Manmohan Singh is personally a very honest person but he is too quiet to enthuse the nation that is an essential quality of a good leader. Also, has no political standing in the country and very little freedom to exert himself, another outcome of the parliamentary system of the country. Power resides with Sonia Gandhi and her psychofants. Modi seems to fit people's expectations of a leader who can better the economy and carry the country to higher levels of progress. Only time will prove, if he is gets elected or not. But my impression is that some people have expressed concerns about the riots in Gujarat, but the country is craving for his drive and other leadership qualities. In an open debate on issues facing the country including quota systems, vote bank politics religious, caste and other consideration, the educated and restless youth right across the board said that they are secular to the core and all they needed are better opportunities for their employment and growth. The religious differences have been relegated to illiterate and misguided few.

R.Kannan Sep 21, 2013 09:44pm

Noorani needs a reality check. He is entitled to his opinion but needs to be factually accurate.In 2004, BJP ( & NDA) fought the election under the leadership of Vajpayee and not Advani. Chattisgarh, having more people, is politically more important than Delhi which elects only 7 Lok Sabha MPs. The Delhi CM has limited powers as many departmnents report to the Union government rather than the Delhi government. In spite of a strong campaign against Modi, no direct evidence has been found to incriminate him. Ministers in his government have are facing trial or convicted but Modi appears legally safe but morally responsible for the riots of 2002. What is often ignored is that Modi asked for army within 72 hrs but it was Vajpayye & others in the central government who took time to react.Noorani, like many others, conveniently ignore that the Parliamentary system does not result in the most popular becoming the PM but the most acceptable to MPs becomes the PM. This has resulted in people like Gujral & Manmohan Singh becoming the PM even if they were incapable of winning an election.

Madan Sep 21, 2013 11:08pm

It is a brilliant article,though some facts have either been ignored or distorted.Both Advani and Modi are RSS elite and Advani nourished Modi to attain his stature of today.It was Advani who was elected M.P from Gandhi nagar,capital of Gujarat state time and again,whereas he was not able to get elected from New Delhi constituency,being defeated by actor Rajesh Khanna.Advani's election from Gandhi Nagar was made possible by the unwavering support of then chief minister Modi.I have also read the speech of Modi before the Ex-service men in Haryana.He never mentioned Pakistan in derogatory terms.The author has not mentioned that it was Vajpayee who bonded with Nawaz Shrif and established a friendly peaceful relation between India and Pakistan.It is believed that same kind of time will happen if Modi is elected P.M of India

saminuk Sep 21, 2013 11:19pm

Its amazing how much hatred Mr Noorani and the likes have for Mr Modi and by extension for BJP. This hatred clouds the views and facts even of a person of Mr Noorani's stature. It is very conveniently forgotten/suppressed that it is the same Mr Modi who has demolished around 200 illegal Hindu temples in Gujarat. If Mr Modi is such a monster then why the likes of Ambanis and Tatas cant see through him? What is it that Mr Noorani and his ilk know about Mr Modi that others don't? People keep on repeating ad nauseum about the"myth of Gujarat's development". Why don't they back up with facts and figures and compare it with, say, a non-BJP ruled equivalent state? Why is there been no further riots and killing of Muslims since 2002? Has there been a mass migration of Muslims from Gujarat to other states? Ten years ago, I would not have voted for Mr Modi and BJP for obvious reasons. But now, I would. Does Mr Noorani know why??

humanity_crying Sep 21, 2013 11:53pm

I doubt you have ever been to Gujarat. Muslim of Gujarat is way more prosperous than muslim of any other state in India. Not a single Muslim family left Gujarat after the 2002 riots. Come out of your shell. It was a riot happened 11 years back but you don't see how many Muslims living a life worse than death under the rule of Congress.

HARISH C. MIDHA Sep 22, 2013 12:05am


Kartik Sep 22, 2013 12:16am

What all these intellectuals who are talking about Modi being bad for India forget is that for last 60 years congress party has ruined the country. They have persued a policy of divide and rule. Giving false promises to Muslims and Dalits and always causing misery to the middle class Indians. On top of that you have a massive corruption scandal. Indians today own over $ 1 Trillion in Swiss bank accounts illegally. Congress has been equally communal by dividing the country for their vote bank policies. Modi has shown in Gujarat what can be achieved if there is fiscal discipline. He is one of the few leaders without any corruption charge and for that reason alone should be the next PM. We in India cannot take any more scams. Thank you and good bye Congress party !!

Sri1 Sep 22, 2013 12:31am

Modi's acceptance all over the nation by different strata is solely due to major development and progress, not a mere facade. Before casting preconceived aspersions on character and on actual growth, maybe the author should take a physical look at Gujarat's infrastructure, rapid urbanization, complete reduction of corruption and bureaucracy, industrialization, tourism growth, increase in employment opportunities, power exports etc. etc. etc. And the stark comparison to neighboring states like MP, Maharashtra etc. There is a fear propagated by congress-supported media that a right-wing, nationalist government would be the death-throes of secularism in India - a loud NO for this - did so many years of BJP rule earlier, result in communalism and rioting in India? NEVER. Does repeated conservative Republican governments in the USA result in racial free-for-all. NO. Democracy thrives on competition and options - if the BJP fails in its duty after getting power this time around, another party like the AAP needs to take the helm. I am surprised that informed authors like Noorani take such defeatist and pro-Congress stands on the basis of Congress-propagated fear psychosis !

jayraman Sep 22, 2013 01:35am

Of course nobody expects Mr. Noorani to be fair to Mr. Modi. He avoided some basic facts. Mr. Advani for whom he sheds crocodile tears was also an RSS man that too in Karachi. Mr. Modi was elected chief minister of Gujrat four times. Gujratis are not fools and they voted for good governance. not for any communal agenda. Inspite of all the hateful propaganda, not a single allegation against Mody has been proved in the investigations ordered by the supreme court. Not a single major communal incident has occurred in Gujrat since 2002. Compare it with UP ruled by a highly communalised " secular" government. Not a single incident of corruption has been thrown at Mr. Modi. Also Mr. Modi has no dynasty to follow him. Compare this with the dynastic UPA goverment mired in corruption and inefficiency. Mr. Noorani be fair. Even your worst enemy deserves that.

Pankaj Patel(USA) Sep 22, 2013 02:10am

"Modi has never looked back. He spread the myth of

Desi surfie Sep 22, 2013 04:39am

Mr. Noorani, You can accuse Mr Modi of anything but not "He spread the myth of development in Gujrat". The facts and figures are there for everybody to see.It is true that Mr Modi is not so popular among India's "second largest majority" .Indian youth ...including Muslim youth want development and jobs not SLOGANS.

Omer Sep 23, 2013 03:53am

Nice piece Mr Noorani. On the spot!

uniyal Sep 23, 2013 05:54am

Mr Noorani-you failed to do justice with this blog.First of all Mr Modi has a Master in political science and pretty much all BJP leader are well educated similarly with few exception like Dr Joshi. Secondly-----Development in Gujrat is real and a eye opener to all Indian and even to the Pakistani- politicians.Lastly--Muslim in India are victim of leaders like you who misguide and manipulate them for your own gain and the proof is Gujrati muslim voting for BJP in mass.

s.khan Sep 23, 2013 06:59am

Wow! these comments are mind boggling. Hitler also had zealot supporters just like Modi. His support is predicated on economic development in Gujarat. Hitler too engineered massive economic development wiping out hyper inflation of Weimar Republic and put the unemployed masses to work. We know from history that the economic development didn't prevent him from horrific crimes. Claim to economic growth doesn't extend to social harmony. It is disingenuous to assert that Gujarat experienced economic miracle. During this period from 2001 to 2010 India also experienced high economic growth doubling its GDP. why Congress is not getting the credit? Just as Gujarat has manufacturing, so do Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, while Karnatica and Andhra Pradesh have service industry. Gujarat's GDP/per capita is not higher than Maharashtra's and Tamil Nadu's while it lags in social indicators. Modi is responsible for the riots in 2002. They happened on his watch and the responsibility rests on his shoulders. The riots lasted for three days and before that there was tension and inflammatory headlines in the newspapers inciting Hindus against Muslims with tales of Hindu women assaulted by Muslims( same stories in Muzzaffarnagar in recent riots). There were preparations with the list of Muslims owned businesses, residential areas, purchases of gas cylinders to burn the houses and shops while police looked on. What did the good administrator and strong leader do to prevent the riots? Nothing! The officials from his government guided the rioters. His cabinet minister has been sentenced to 28 years' imprisonment and Modi didn't know? To maintain his innocence he didn't issue a written order which can be produced in the court to convict him. He surely used wink and nod to approve. With his election, India is headed towards fascism.? Sep 23, 2013 11:14am

The writer works for Congress, the psuedo seculars for whom 2002 is an engineered riot and 1984 is nothing.

Devil Sep 23, 2013 01:33pm

These days whosoever is making merry by bashing Modi !

Deep Sep 23, 2013 03:24pm

All the articles on Modi are Baised, they only try to see him from the prism of 2002 gujrat roits which is not even proved and supremcourt monitored investigation has given clean chit even though the ruling crongress had used all its power to convict Modi. this proves he is INNOCENT and if Indian Muslims have problem with him let them get lost to Pakistan or Bangladesh u have a choice after 1971......

Akram Sep 23, 2013 10:01pm

There seems to be a few modi supporters here to defend him, maybe you can enlighten us and the author as to what 'development' Modi has achieved? I mean particularly that he is probably the only Chief Minister who has had all the money coming in from Gujarati indian expats around the world? What has he done with all this money?