Pakistani earthquake survivors stand on the rubble of their collapsed mud houses in the Mashkail area of southwest Baluchistan province on April 17, 2013. — Photo by  AFP

MASHKAIL: Pakistani survivors of a tremor centred in Iran that killed at least 41 people dug through the rubble of their ruined homes Wednesday as the military rushed to send aid to the remote region.

The United States also offered aid after the 7.8-magnitude quake, Iran's most powerful in five decades, damaged an estimated three-quarters of the mud-built homes of Mashkail, a town in the dirt-poor Pakistani province of Balochistan.

Tuesday's earthquake was felt across the region and though the epicentre lay in southeast Iran, all but one of the deaths reported so far have been across the border in Pakistan.

Efforts to help the survivors have been hampered by Mashkail's remote location, communities are scattered, there are no paved roads, no electricity and limited mobile phone coverage, and no proper medical facilities.

Only three tents were visible in the town and frightened families were sheltering under trees, an AFP reporter said, too scared to return to their homes for fear of aftershocks.

A 5.7-magnitude tremor early Wednesday frayed nerves even further.

Some 15-20 people made the boneshaking, 45-minute journey across bare ground to the Iranian border to reach a hospital and see a doctor, according to officials with Pakistan's paramilitary Frontier Constabulary.

While some survivors offered prayers for the dead, others dug through rubble with spades and even knives to try to recover their belongings.

“We often feel tremors here, but this was the worst I've ever seen in my life. I thought a bulldozer was passing by close to my house,” Abdul Ghaffour, who is about 50, told AFP.

“All the homes are mud homes. A lot of walls fell. There was a lot of dust so I couldn't see what was happening. Thank God my family and I are safe.”

Major General Obaidullah Khattak of the Frontier Corps, another Pakistani paramilitary force, said 16 badly injured people had been taken by helicopter to Balochistan's capital Quetta for treatment and nine doctors were on the scene.

“We have sent one tonne of medicine. Two trucks of edible items and 350 tents will arrive tonight; 500 troops have reached Mashkail from the surrounding areas, travelling through the night to provide help,” he told AFP.

The area's scattered population made determining the death toll difficult, but Frontier Corps Major Attiq Minhas told AFP at Dalbandin airport, around 250 kilometres from Mashkail, that at least 40 people had died.

On the Iranian side of the border, one woman was reported killed by falling rocks and the Red Crescent rushed 400 tents to shelter some 1,700 people who lost their homes in the quake.

Minhas said 650 Pakistani personnel were involved in the rescue operation in Mashkail town and that so far medical staff had received 23 wounded people.

Abdul Bari, a 32-year-old tailor who broke his leg, said that his wife and children were fine, but feared that dozens of people had been killed or wounded.

“When I felt the tremors, I saw within seconds houses razed to the ground. It was like doomsday,” he told AFP in Dalbandin, after travelling for five and a half hours by taxi for help.

Balochistan, an inaccessible province bordering Iran and Afghanistan, is plagued by militancy, attacks on the Shia Muslim sect and a separatist Baloch insurgency.

Putting aside America's longstanding enmity with Iran, and its more recent strains in relations with Pakistan, US Secretary of State John Kerry offered condolences and assistance with relief work.

Disaster relief contributed to an earlier thaw in relations between the United States and Iran, which accepted US personnel following the Bam earthquake in 2003, which killed more than 26,000 people.

The United States has also engaged in disaster diplomacy with Pakistan, briefly improving its abysmal image in the country following a 2005 earthquake in Pakistani-administered Kashmir, where more than 73,000 died.

United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon also expressed condolences after Tuesday's disaster and said the UN too stood ready to help if needed.
The quake struck in the afternoon with its epicentre around 80 kilometres east of the city of Khash, in the Iranian province of Sistan Balochistan.

It came a week after another struck near Iran's Gulf port city of Bushehr, killing at least 30 people. The UN's atomic agency said there was no damage then or Tuesday to Iran's nuclear power plant at Bushehr.

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