Iraqi security forces leave a military base as Kurdish forces take over control in Kirkuk on June 11, 2014. — Photo by Reuters
Iraqi security forces leave a military base as Kurdish forces take over control in Kirkuk on June 11, 2014. — Photo by Reuters

KIRKUK: Militants have seized the Iraqi city of Tikrit as a jihadist offensive sweeps closer to Baghdad, prompting the UN Security Council to convene crisis talks Thursday while the US mulls air strikes on the rebels.

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) seized the second city of Mosul on Tuesday and has since captured a large swathe of northern and north-central Iraq including Tikrit — the hometown of executed dictator Saddam Hussein.

ISIL spokesman Abu Mohammed al-Adnani promised the battle would “rage” on the capital Baghdad and Karbala, a city southwest of the capital that is considered one of the holiest sites for Shia Muslims, the SITE Intelligence Group said.

The UN Security Council swiftly convened a meeting to discuss the crisis in a sign of growing international alarm at the fast-moving situation.

Diplomats said the closed consultations would begin at 11:30 am and will include a briefing by video link from the UN special representative to Iraq, Nickolay Mladenov.

Washington is considering several options for offering military assistance to Baghdad, including drone strikes, a US official told AFP on condition of anonymity.

Resorting to such aircraft — used in Afghanistan and Pakistan in a highly controversial programme — would mark a dramatic shift in the US engagement in Iraq, after the last American troops pulled out in late 2011.

State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said the US was committed to “working with the Iraqi government and leaders across Iraq to support a unified approach against ISIL's continued aggression. “But there is no current plan to send US troops back into Iraq, where around 4,500 American soldiers died in the bitter conflict.

White House spokesman Jay Carney said Washington “strongly condemns” the ISIL attacks and “will stand with Iraqi leaders”.

And UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged the international community to unite behind Iraq, warning that “terrorism must not be allowed to succeed in undoing the path toward democracy in Iraq. “

'Blessed invasions'

ISIL vowed on Twitter that it would “not stop this series of blessed invasions” that have seen the fall of the whole of Nineveh province in the north and swathes of Kirkuk and Saleheddin provinces further south.

Tikrit was the second provincial capital to fall in as many days as the jihadists and their allies captured a string of mainly Sunni Arab towns where resentment against the Shia-led government runs deep.

“All of Tikrit is in the hands of the militants,” a police colonel said of the Salaheddin provincial capital, which lies half way between Baghdad and Mosul.

Another officer said the militants had freed some 300 inmates from a prison there.

After Tikrit's fall, the operation spread down the main highway towards Baghdad, with militants battling security forces on the northern outskirts of Samarra, just 110 kilometres (70 miles) from the capital.

State television said security forces responded with air strikes, and residents said the fighting subsided without the militants entering the city.

Militants had already tried to seize the city late last week, and were halted only by a massive deployment of troops, backed by tribal militia and air power.

Samarra is mainly Sunni Arab but is home to a shrine revered by the country's Shia majority, a site that was bombed by Al Qaeda in 2006, sparking a Shia-Sunni sectarian conflict that left tens of thousands dead.

Maliki appeals to tribes

The lightning advance poses significant challenges to Baghdad, with the New York-based Eurasia Group risk consultancy saying jihadists would be bolstered by cash from Mosul's banks, hardware from military bases and hundreds of men they freed from prison.

In his weekly address Wednesday, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki merely renewed his call to arm civilians to resist the jihadists.

Maliki urged Nineveh's residents “and its tribes to stand with the army and police. “In Tehran, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Shia Iran “offers its support to the government and people of Iraq against terrorism.

“The swift collapse of Baghdad's control, which comes on top of the loss of Fallujah, west of Baghdad, at the start of the year, has been a blow for Western governments that invested lives and money in the invasion that toppled Saddam in 2003.

However, Foreign Secretary William Hague said there was “no question” of British troops being sent back to Iraq.

Exodus of civilians

The International Organisation for Migration said sources in Mosul estimated the violence leading up to the jihadists' takeover saw over 500,000 people displaced in and around the city.

On Wednesday, gunmen in military uniforms and all-black clothing guarded government buildings and banks in the city, residents told AFP by telephone.

Militants stormed the Turkish consulate and kidnapped 49 people including the head of the mission and three children, a Turkish official said.

They were in addition to 31 Turkish truck drivers seized by ISIL at a Mosul power station, and Ankara pledged harsh reprisals if any were harmed.

Known for its ruthless tactics and suicide bombers, ISIL is arguably the most capable force fighting President Bashar al-Assad inside Syria as well as the most powerful militant group in Iraq.

In a show of its determination to unite its thousands of fighters in the two countries, the group posted photographs on the Internet of militants bulldozing the border berm to open a road.

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Comments (8) Closed

Jun 12, 2014 12:17pm

sooner or later Islam will rule InshaAllah.

Jun 12, 2014 05:13pm

@Akbar lets hope it's not a radicalised version similar to the one practised by the Taliban! Why are the indigenous people leaving? I personally feel that they are warlords using Islam to further their gains especially Mosul known for its oil reserves.

Jun 12, 2014 05:16pm

United States got fed up of fixing problems in Islamic countries.

Jun 12, 2014 05:17pm

If ISIL somehow gets to Karbala and God forbid damages any of the Shrines there, the west and Israel would have the best Block Buster ever, there would be a lot of chaos, killings and Muslims will be slaughtering each other happily. If the Muslim countries were even a bit responsible then this all could have be averted just by dialog.

Jun 12, 2014 05:20pm

@ Akbar You call this a rule of Islam, where Muslims are fighting Muslims, uprooting families from their homes, fleeing for their lives, women, children, elderly suffering.

Jun 12, 2014 09:43pm

a resurgence of radicals in Iraq and Afghanistan, USA has failed democracy.

Jun 12, 2014 09:52pm

Sorry, There won't be any air strikes by America. I guarantee you that.

Jun 12, 2014 10:26pm


United States is the reason for what is happening in various Muslim countries. Yet USA won't deal with the Israelis to END its occupation of Palestinian / Arab land.