1948 • March 11: General strike by Dhaka University students protesting at the exclusion of Bengali as an official language • March 21: Governor-General of Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jinnah declares that "Urdu, and only Urdu" will be the state language

1949 • June 23: Formation of the Bengali nationalist Awami Muslim League by Hoseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Maulana Abdul Hamid Bhashani and Shamsul Haq

1952 • February 21: Bengali Language Movement reaches its peak as the police open fire on protesting students

1953 • April 17: The Awami Muslim League becomes the Awami League • September: A. K. Fazlul Huq forms the Krishak Sranik Party

1954 • March 8–11: The United Front wins a majority of seats in the East Bengal Legislative Assembly • May 30: Governor General Ghulam Muhammad deposes United Front government and establishes governor’s rule

1955 • June 6: The United Front government is reinstated, Awami League does not participate in proceedings • October 14: 'East Bengal' renamed 'East Pakistan'

1956 • February 29: Bengali becomes one of the state languages of Pakistan

1958 • October 7: Constitution abrogated and martial law declared by General Ayub Muhammad Khan

1963 • February 21: Inauguration of the Shaheed Minar language martyr memorial in Dhaka

1966 • Six-point Bengali nationalist movement led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman emerges

1968 • Agartala Conspiracy Case filed by Government of Pakistan accusing Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and others accused of sedition

1969 • January–February: Mass uprising in East Pakistan • March 25: Ayub Khan resigns and Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan assumes power under martial law

1970 • December 7: First general election in Pakistan; Awami League gains majority

1971 • March 7: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman makes his historic freedom speech • March 25–26: Pakistan Army launches Operation Searchlight at midnight, marking the start of the 1971 violence; Sheikh Mujib is arrested

• December 3: Indo-Pakistani war breaks out • December 16: Surrender of the Pakistan Army in Dhaka and the declaration of Bangladesh.  —Alizeh Kohari

Opinion

Editorial

Crime against humanity
Updated 03 Dec 2021

Crime against humanity

The government has yet to fulfil its long-standing pledge to criminalise enforced disappearances.
03 Dec 2021

Revised valuations

THE revised property valuations notified by the FBR for 40 cities for the purpose of collecting federal taxes —...
03 Dec 2021

PWD await rights

ON the International Day of Disabled Persons, it is important to take stock of how far Pakistan has come in ensuring...
02 Dec 2021

Funding for polls

THE PTI government’s autocratic mentality is again on full display, even as it feigns adherence to the law....
02 Dec 2021

Soaring prices

PRICES are surging. And they are increasing at a much faster pace than anticipated, burdening millions of...
Ali Wazir’s bail
Updated 02 Dec 2021

Ali Wazir’s bail

IT has been a long time coming, but MNA and Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement leader Ali Wazir has finally been granted bail...