Senior Indian and Chinese military commanders were holding fresh talks on Monday aimed at ending a months-long stand-off along their disputed border in the remote Ladakh region.
The talks were being held on the Indian side of the frontier in the Chushul area. No details were immediately made available.
The negotiations come as tens of thousands of rival soldiers on both sides backed by artillery, tanks and fighter jets brace for a harsh winter in the cold-desert region where temperatures can fall to minus 50 degrees celsius.
India and China have held several rounds of talks by military, diplomatic and political officials, including negotiations between the foreign ministers and the defence ministers in Moscow last month. Although the stand-off has persisted, the talks seem to have calmed the situation along the border as no new military aggression has been reported for a month now.
The fresh deadlock began in May and in June escalated to the deadliest violence between the sides in decades — a clash between soldiers using clubs, stones and their fists. Twenty Indian soldiers were killed and dozens of others injured. China is believed to have also suffered casualties but has not given any details.
After that clash, the two countries partially disengaged from the site in Ladakh’s Galwan Valley and at least two other places, but the crisis has continued in at least three other areas, including glacial Pangong Lake.
Last month, the world’s two most-populous nations accused each other of sending soldiers into each other’s territory in the Pangong area and firing warning shots for the first time in 45 years, raising the spectre of a full-scale military conflict.
The fiercely contested de facto border, known as Line of Actual Control, separates Chinese-held and Indian-held territories from Ladakh in the west to India’s eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh, which China claims in its entirety. It is broken in parts where the Himalayan nations of Nepal and Bhutan border China.
According to India, the control line is 3,488 kilometres long, while China says it is considerably shorter. The control line divides the areas of physical control rather than territorial claims.
Relations between the two countries have often been strained, partly due to their undemarcated border. They fought a border war in 1962 that spilled into Ladakh and ended in an uneasy truce. Since then, troops have guarded the undefined border and occasionally brawled. They have agreed not to attack each other with firearms.
India unilaterally declared Ladakh a federal territory and separated it from Kashmir in August 2019, ending its semi-autonomous status. It also vowed to take back the Chinese-controlled Aksai Chin plateau, which New Delhi says is part of Ladakh.
China was among the first countries to strongly condemn the move, raising it at international forums including the UN Security Council.